This book guides the war of resistance to victory.

  On May 26, 1938, Comrade Mao Zedong delivered a speech at the War of Resistance against Japan Research Association in Yan ‘an.On protracted warHis long speech set up an ideological beacon to guide the whole nation to victory in the war of resistance against Japan.

  This is in 1938, Mao Zedong wrote "On protracted war" in Yan ‘an caves. Xinhua news agency

  At that time, the national anti-Japanese war had been going on for 10 months. With the loss of large areas of land in North China, East China and South China, the crisis of national subjugation and extinction was like a black cloud covering the land and people’s hearts — —Will China die? How long will the Anti-Japanese War last? How can we win?The whole China society can’t find the right answer.

  It is in this dark and confused background that Mao Zedong seriously refuted it on the basis of profoundly summarizing the experience in the early stage of the Anti-Japanese War."theory of national subjugation"The absurdity,"theory of quick victory"Illusion of"Desperate Theory"The recklessness has clarified the direction and path, boosted morale and strengthened the confidence of the people throughout the country to win the Anti-Japanese War.

  Once On Protracted War was published, it not only caused a sensation in Yan ‘an, but also had a great impact on the whole China society. General Wang Zhen later recalled: "Those of us who directly participated in the battle on the anti-Japanese battlefield were encouraged by our eagerness to read oil lamps on the heatable adobe sleeping platform between battles. A glorious "On Protracted War" inspired and guided us to win the great victory of War of Resistance against Japan. " Even some Japanese people were impressed by On Protracted War. Professor Kondo Bunkang of the University of Tokyo declared: "We admire On Protracted War. It is inevitable that Japan will be defeated by China. Japan does not have such a grand strategic vision based on philosophy. "

  Today, let’s reread this historical epic of more than 50,000 words and feel the surging power contained in it.

  Refute the "national subjugation theory" and "quick victory theory"

  Before and after the outbreak of the National Anti-Japanese War, there were two wrong views: First,"China will die", the second is"China’s theory of quick victory".

  "China will perish" existed before the outbreak of the national anti-Japanese war. Some people said, "China’s weapons are not as good as people’s, and the war will be defeated". After the beginning of the national anti-Japanese war, there was an argument that "fighting again will lead to death". Wang Jingwei Group, a pro-Japanese faction of the Kuomintang, is an outstanding representative of the theory of national subjugation.

  Others underestimate Japan and think that Japan can’t hit Shanxi. During the Battle of Songhu, Chiang Kai-shek’s clique counted on Britain, France, the United States and other countries to intervene and asked the Soviet Union to send troops. Therefore, some people arbitrarily thought that the Sino-Japanese war would be solved as long as it lasted for three months, the international situation would definitely change and the Soviet Union would send troops.

  At the beginning of "On Protracted War", these two wrong views were analyzed and criticized, pointing out: "Their way of looking at problems is subjective and one-sided, in a word, unscientific."

  The scientific conclusion is that War of Resistance against Japan is a protracted war and China will win.

  Why a protracted war? Why does China win?

  In On Protracted War, Mao Zedong comprehensively investigated and demonstrated the objective basis that China can and must win through a protracted war of resistance.

  The enemy is strong and we are weak.Japan is an imperialist power with great war power, and China is a semi-colonial and semi-feudal weak country, which determines that Japan’s attack can run rampant in China for a while, while China cannot win quickly.

  The enemy retreated and we made progress.The war launched by Japanese imperialism is unjust and retrogressive, and its crazy war adventure will only aggravate its internal contradictions and lead it to extinction. China is in a historical period of progress. With the broad masses of people who have realized and are realizing, the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Chinese Red Army, our strength will become stronger and stronger.

  The enemy is small and I am big.Japan is a small country, and its manpower and material resources are not enough to support a long-term war. China is a big country, which can make use of its vast territory and large population to support a long-term war.

  The enemy’s lack of help helps me to get more help.Although Japan is supported by the international fascist countries, it is bound to be opposed by international forces because it pursues the policy of aggression and expansion and threatens and harms the interests of other countries. China, on the side of justice, is bound to get the support of the international community and finally win the war.

  In May 1938, Mao Zedong gave a report on protracted war at the People’s Anti-Japanese Military and Political University in China, Yan ‘an. Xinhua news agency

  War of Resistance against Japan goes through three stages.

  The first stage, strategic defense.At this stage, the Japanese attack and China defense. Our mobile warfare is the mainstay, supplemented by guerrilla warfare and positional warfare.

  In the second stage, the strategy is deadlocked.Due to the shortage of troops and our stubborn resistance, the enemy will have to stop the strategic attack and turn to the stage of conservative occupation. This stage is the longest and hardest, and the growth of our strength is mainly at this stage. At this stage, our main combat mode is guerrilla warfare, supplemented by positional warfare and mobile warfare. Mao Zedong also criticized the tendency to despise guerrilla warfare in his book.

  The third stage is the strategic counterattack.Through the efforts in the stalemate stage, China’s strength will change from weak to strong, which will fundamentally change the balance between the enemy and ourselves, and War of Resistance against Japan will be able to enter the stage of counterattack to recover lost ground. To win in the counter-offensive stage, we must not only rely on our own strength, but also rely on international strength and the assistance of internal changes in the enemy country. The main war situation at this stage is mobile warfare, and positional warfare will play an important role, supplemented by guerrilla warfare.

  This is part of Mao Zedong’s book On Protracted War, which was published in 1938. Xinhua news agency

  Soldiers and civilians are the foundation of victory.

  For whom and on whom? It is the touchstone to test the nature of a political party and a political power, and it is also the foundation to determine whether an army has combat effectiveness.What is the root that determines the victory of the Anti-Japanese War?"On protracted war" gives a clear answer: soldiers and civilians are the foundation of victory.

  Mao Zedong pointed out in "On Protracted War": "The deepest source of the great power of war lies among the people.The Japanese dare to bully us, mainly because of the disorganized state of the people in China.Overcoming this shortcoming, we put the Japanese invaders in front of our tens of millions of people who have stood up and made it like a horse.野牛冲入火阵,我们一声唤也要把它吓一大跳,这匹野牛就非烧死不可。”

  “这个政治上动员军民的问题,实在太重要了。我们之所以不惜反反复复地说到这一点,实在是没有这一点就没有胜利。没有许多别的必要的东西固然也没有胜利,然而这是胜利的最基本的条件。抗日民族统一战线是全军全民的统一战线,决不仅仅是几个党派的党部和党员们的统一战线;动员全军全民参加统一战线,才是发起抗日民族统一战线的根本目的。”

  百万倭奴压海陬,神州沉陆使人愁。

  内行内战资强虏,敌后敌前费运筹。

  唱罢凯歌来灞上,全中全力破石头。

  一篇持久重新读,眼底吴钩看不休。

  这是1965年叶剑英重读《论持久战》后,感慨万千,深深为毛泽东的远见所叹服,欣然提笔写下的一首诗。这首诗,生动地反映了这部经典著作的历史地位和现实意义。站在新的历史起点上,深入学习贯彻习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想,必须进一步学好马克思主义哲学,学好毛泽东思想,掌握科学世界观和方法论,为实现中华民族伟大复兴、实现共产主义远大理想持久奋斗!

  来源:求是网

  策划:李文阁 周昭成

  编制:曾嘉雯

  审核:李文阁 闫玉清

  监制:李达