Notice on Issuing the Action Plan for Pollution Prevention and Control of Waste Lead Storage Batteries

Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Ecological Environment (Environmental Protection) Department (bureau), Development and Reform Commission, competent department of industry and information technology, public security department (bureau), judicial department (bureau), finance department (bureau), transportation department (bureau, commission), market supervision bureau (bureau, commission), and State Taxation Administration of The People’s Republic of China provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.

  In order to strengthen the pollution prevention and control of waste lead-acid batteries and fight the tough battle of pollution prevention and control in an all-round way, the Action Plan for Pollution Prevention and Control of Waste Lead-acid batteries is hereby printed and distributed to you. Please earnestly implement the requirements and accelerate the work of pollution prevention and control of waste lead-acid batteries.

  General Office of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment

  General Office of Development and Reform Commission

  General Office of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

  General office of Ministry of public security

  General office of Ministry of Justice

  General office of Ministry of Finance

  General Office of Ministry of Transport

  General office of the State Administration of Taxation

  General Office of General Administration of Market Supervision

  January 18, 2019

  Issued by the General Office of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on January 22, 2019

Action plan for pollution prevention of waste lead storage battery

  In recent years, with the large-scale application of lead batteries in the fields of automobiles, electric bicycles and energy storage, China’s lead battery and recycled lead industry have developed rapidly. There are a large number of discarded lead-acid batteries, and the recycling of lead-acid batteries has high resource and environmental value. However, the sources of waste lead-acid batteries are extensive and scattered, and some informal enterprises and individuals seek illegal interests, which leads to the repeated prohibition of illegal collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries, which seriously harms people’s health and ecological environment safety. In accordance with the decision-making arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on comprehensively strengthening the ecological environment protection and fighting the tough battle of pollution prevention and control, this scheme is formulated in order to strengthen the pollution prevention and control of waste lead storage batteries, improve the comprehensive utilization level of resources, promote the standardized and orderly development of lead storage battery production and recycled lead industry, and protect the ecological environment safety and people’s health.

  一、总体要求

  (一)指导思想

  全面贯彻党的十九大和十九届二中、三中全会精神,以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,深入落实习近平生态文明思想和全国生态环境保护大会精神,认真落实党中央、国务院决策部署,坚持和贯彻绿色发展理念,将废铅蓄电池污染防治作为打好污染防治攻坚战的重要内容,以有效防控环境风险为目标,以提高废铅蓄电池规范收集处理率为主线,完善源头严防、过程严管、后果严惩的监管体系,严厉打击涉废铅蓄电池违法犯罪行为,建立规范的废铅蓄电池收集处理体系,有效遏制非法收集处理造成的环境污染,维护国家生态环境安全,保护人民群众身体健康。

  (二)基本原则

  坚持疏堵结合、标本兼治。完善废铅蓄电池收集、贮存、转移、利用处置管理制度,支持铅蓄电池生产企业和再生铅企业建立正规收集处理体系;持续保持高压态势,严厉打击非法收集处理违法犯罪行为。

  Adhere to classified policies and comprehensive management. According to environmental risks, objective conditions of collection and treatment and other factors, the management and control requirements for collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries are reasonably determined by classification; Comprehensive use of legal, economic and administrative means to carry out life cycle management and improve the joint reward and punishment mechanism.

  Adhere to coordination and cooperation and pay close attention to implementation. All departments work closely together according to the division of responsibilities and make concerted efforts to form a joint effort; Strengthen follow-up supervision to ensure that all tasks are effective; All localities earnestly implement the main responsibility and do a good job in pollution control and collection and treatment system construction of waste lead storage batteries.

  Adhere to pluralistic participation and common governance by the whole people. Strengthen publicity and education on pollution prevention of lead-acid batteries, and guide relevant enterprises, public institutions and the public to actively participate in the standardized collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries; Strengthen information disclosure and improve the public supervision and reporting mechanism.

  (III) Main objectives

  In accordance with the requirements of the State Council’s Notice on Printing and Distributing the 13th Five-Year Plan for Ecological Environmental Protection (Guo Fa [2016] No.65) and the State Council General Office’s Notice on Printing and Distributing the Implementation Plan of Extended Producer Responsibility System (Guo Ban Fa [2016] No.99), the illegal collection and treatment of waste lead batteries will be rectified, and the extended producer responsibility system will be implemented to improve the standardized collection and treatment rate of waste lead batteries. By 2020, lead-acid battery manufacturers will realize the standardized collection rate of waste lead-acid batteries by implementing the extended producer responsibility system; By 2025, the standard collection rate of waste lead-acid batteries will reach 70%; Standardize the safe use and disposal of all collected waste lead batteries.

  Second, promote the green development of lead-acid battery production industry

  (four) to establish a list of enterprises in lead-acid battery related industries.Establish lists of key enterprises such as lead storage battery production, primary lead and recycled lead respectively, and make them public and dynamically updated.. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and relevant departments of local governments (hereinafter all including relevant departments of local governments, which will not be repeated) are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of June 2019)

  (5) Severely crack down on illegal production and sales.Take lead-acid batteries as key commodities, and continue to crack down on illegal production and sale of counterfeit and shoddy lead-acid batteries according to law.(The General Administration of Market Supervision is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (6) Vigorously promote cleaner production.For enterprises listed in the list of lead storage battery production, primary lead and secondary lead enterprises, compulsory cleaner production audit shall be implemented according to law, and the interval between two cleaner production audits shall not exceed five years.. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Development and Reform Commission are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (seven) to promote the lead-acid battery producer responsibility extension system.Formulate and issue management measures for recycling lead-acid batteries, and implement extended producer responsibility.(The Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)Give full play to the leading role of lead-acid battery production and lead recycling backbone enterprises, encourage recycling enterprises to establish a reverse recycling system based on the manufacturer’s marketing network, and lead-acid battery production enterprises and importers establish a standardized recycling system through self-built recycling system or cooperation with social recycling system. Encourage lead battery manufacturers to carry out ecological design and increase the proportion of recycled raw materials; Encourage lead battery manufacturers and lead smelting enterprises to complement each other, and support the use of existing lead smelting technology and equipment to treat waste lead batteries. Strengthen the management of recycled lead enterprises and promote the scale and clean development of recycled lead enterprises.(The Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for long-term implementation according to their functions)

  Third, improve the collection system of waste lead batteries

  (eight) improve the supporting legal system.Amend the Law of People’s Republic of China (PRC) on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste, and clarify the extended producer responsibility system and the collection and licensing system of waste lead batteries;(Ministry of Ecology and Environment and Ministry of Justice are responsible for implementation)Revise the Measures for the Management of Hazardous Waste Transfer Joint List to improve the transfer management requirements;(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)Revise the National Hazardous Waste List, and put forward exemption management requirements for collection, storage and transfer under the premise of risk control.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)

  (nine) to carry out the pilot system of centralized collection and trans-regional transportation of waste lead batteries.In order to explore and improve the management system of collection and transfer of waste lead-acid batteries, a pilot system of centralized collection and trans-regional transfer of waste lead-acid batteries is carried out in a conditional area, and the requirements for collection, storage and transfer of undamaged sealed maintenance-free waste lead-acid batteries are conditionally exempted or simplified, so as to reduce costs, improve efficiency and promote the establishment of a standardized and orderly collection and treatment system.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)

  (ten) to strengthen the management of waste lead-acid batteries in the automobile maintenance industry.Strengthen the training and guidance on the sources of waste lead-acid batteries such as vehicle maintenance enterprises (Class I and II), and urge them to deliver waste lead-acid batteries to formal collection and treatment channels according to laws and regulations, and incorporate them into relevant qualification management or assessment and rating index system.(The Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for long-term implementation and will start in 2019)

  Four, strengthen the standardized management of recycled lead industry

  (eleven) strict management of waste lead storage battery business license access.Formulate and publish guidelines for the examination of hazardous waste business license of waste lead-acid batteries, revise the Technical Specification for Pollution Control of Waste Lead-acid Batteries, strictly permit conditions, and prohibit enterprises that have no legal ability to recycle lead from disassembling waste lead batteries.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2019)

  (twelve) to strengthen the standardized management of hazardous waste in recycled lead enterprises.Take recycled lead enterprises as the focus of standardized management of hazardous waste, and improve the standardized management level of hazardous waste in recycled lead enterprises.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for long-term implementation)Recycled lead enterprises should install automatic monitoring and video monitoring equipment in accordance with the law (that is, "installation"), set up an electronic display screen at the gate of the factory for information disclosure (that is, "tree"), and gradually connect real-time monitoring data with ecological and environmental departments at all levels (that is, "link") to realize information management.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)

  Five, severely crack down on illegal and criminal acts involving waste lead batteries.

  (thirteen) severely crack down on and severely investigate and deal with illegal and criminal acts involving waste lead storage battery enterprises.Severely crack down on illegal environmental crimes such as illegal collection and dismantling of waste lead batteries and illegal smelting and recycling of lead.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Public Security are responsible for long-term implementation)Strengthen the inspection of illegal acts involving waste lead storage batteries in lead storage battery production enterprises, primary lead enterprises and recycled lead enterprises, and investigate and deal with such acts as receiving waste lead storage batteries without a hazardous waste business license, failing to implement the hazardous waste transfer manifest system as required, illegally disposing of waste acid solution, and illegally receiving "acid-poured" batteries, recycled crude lead and lead paste lead plates.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (fourteen) to strengthen the tax supervision of recycled lead enterprises.Conduct daily verification and risk assessment on the tax implementation of recycled lead enterprises, and carry out tax inspection according to law for enterprises suspected of serious tax violations such as tax evasion and fraud and false invoicing.(The State Administration of Taxation is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (fifteen) to carry out joint punishment.The information about illegal enterprises and personnel involved in waste lead batteries will be included in the list of illegal and untrustworthy in the field of ecological environment, publicized on the national credit information sharing platform, the website of Credit China and the national enterprise credit information publicity system, publicly exposed and jointly punished.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Transport, the State Administration of Taxation, and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation and will be launched in 2019)

  Sixth, establish a long-term guarantee mechanism

  (sixteen) the implementation of relevant preferential tax policies.We will implement the current preferential value-added tax policy for comprehensive utilization of resources, and enterprises that use waste lead batteries to produce recycled lead can enjoy preferential tax policies according to regulations to support the development of waste lead battery treatment industry.(The Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (seventeen) to improve the level of information management.Establish a lead-acid battery life cycle traceability system to promote the implementation of a unified coding specification.(The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the General Administration of Market Supervision, the Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)Establish a public information service platform for the collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries, connect all the standardized collection and treatment information of waste lead-acid batteries to the platform, and connect with the lead-acid battery production management information system established by relevant authorities, and gradually realize the traceability of the whole process of lead-acid battery production, transportation, sales, abandonment, collection, storage, transshipment, utilization and disposal information.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (eighteen) establish and improve the long-term mechanism of inspector accountability.In areas where the problem of illegal collection of waste lead storage batteries and illegal smelting and recycling of lead is prominent, and the masses have strongly reflected it, causing serious environmental pollution, special inspectors of acupoint type and mobile type will be carried out as appropriate, and interviews will be conducted or accountability will be handed over to the verified dereliction of duty.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (nineteen) to encourage public participation.Carry out education and training on the environmental health hazards of waste lead batteries, widely publicize the relevant policies on the collection and treatment of waste lead batteries, and set up standardized collection and treatment tips in motor vehicle 4S shops, vehicle maintenance enterprises (Class I and II), electric bicycle sales and maintenance enterprises and lead battery sales places to promote the collection and treatment rate of waste lead batteries in formal channels.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are respectively responsible for long-term implementation)Encourage reward reporting, and encourage the public to supervise and report illegal and criminal acts such as illegal collection, illegal smelting of recycled lead, tax evasion, and production of counterfeit and shoddy batteries through telephone, letter, e-mail, government website and WeChat platform.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration of Taxation and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for the long-term implementation)

Dongguan launched the third season of anti-vice: a number of new policies were introduced, and it was refined that no bolts should be installed in the room.

        ●No locks, bolts, etc. shall be installed in rooms and boxes; Lighting lamps with adjustable brightness shall not be installed.

        ●Install video monitoring equipment that meets national standards in key parts such as entrances and exits of places, reception halls, cashiers, etc., and connect with the public security department in the background.

        ●Employees can only take up their posts after obtaining a valid health certificate, and they should be dressed neatly and generously during the business period, and they should not be indecent. Real-name registration management should be implemented for employees …

        —— Code of Conduct for the Operation of Entertainment Places in Dongguan City

On the evening of February 9, 2014, a yellow-related person was taken away from a hotel in Dongguan. CFP data

        On September 18th, Dongguan issued the Opinions on Further Strengthening and Standardizing the Management of Entertainment Service Places and four supporting policy documents. The newly applied entertainment service places will be strictly admitted through front-end intervention, holding interviews and other measures. It is reported that after the whole industry was shut down and rectified at the beginning of this year, only 20% of the saunas in Dongguan have resumed business.

        On the morning of 18th, the Dongguan Municipal Government held a news briefing, and announced the newly issued "1+4 policy system" to strengthen and standardize the management of entertainment service places, including Opinions on Further Strengthening and Regulating the Management of Entertainment Service Places (hereinafter referred to as Opinions), Code of Conduct for the Management of Entertainment Service Places in Dongguan, Interim Measures for the Supervision and Accountability of Entertainment Service Places in Dongguan, Guidelines for the Supervision of Entertainment Service Places in Dongguan and.

        Huang Ximing, deputy director of Dongguan Public Security Bureau, revealed at the briefing that Zheng Dong, deputy director of the Provincial Public Security Department, said recently that the "1+4 policy system" in Dongguan is the most complete set of policy documents in regulating the management of entertainment service places in all provinces and cities. It is reported that the provincial government is currently drafting relevant laws and regulations on the standardized management of entertainment service places.

        Huang Ximing revealed that after the previous two-stage special campaign of "anti-vice" which lasted for six months, Dongguan has started the third-stage special campaign of "anti-vice" since September 18th, which will last until the end of this year.

[status quo]

Only 20% of sauna places have resumed business.

        The entertainment service places in Dongguan are called "obviously exceeding the market capacity", so how many such places are there in Dongguan? How much is reasonable? Facing this question from Southern Reporter, Huang Ximing said that there are currently 198 sauna places, 581 song and dance entertainment places and 832 foot massage places with complete licenses in the city.

        Since the beginning of this year, these entertainment venues have been shut down for rectification and reopened. As of September 17th, the public security department had accepted 41 sauna places (6 of which were closed by themselves), and the resumption rate was 20.7%. There are 478 song and dance entertainment venues (20 closed down by themselves), and the resumption rate is 82.3%; There were 652 foot massage places (14 closed down by themselves), and the resumption rate was 78.4%. He said: "How many entertainment venues are reasonable depends on the adjustment of the market."

        Yesterday afternoon, Southern Reporter telephoned several original sauna operators in Changping, Houjie and Tangxia. It is reported that at present, most of the 41 saunas that have resumed business are sauna places that belong to the regular health massage category.

[Policy Highlights]

Strict access, after registration, the public security and other departments are involved in the review and interview.

        The "Opinions" stipulate that a front-end pre-trial system will be established for the registration of entertainment service places, and the industrial and commercial departments will promptly push the application information of entertainment service place business enterprises to the government information resource sharing platform, and the local town (street) public security department will work with fire protection, culture, health and family planning and other functional departments to intervene in the review in advance, strictly control access, and prohibit illegal subjects from entering the market.

        "The existing market players in the entertainment service industry in our city, especially the sauna and foot massage places, obviously exceed the normal capacity of the market, too much and too much." Liu Huilin believes that efforts must be made to reduce market players. For the newly applied entertainment service places, we should strictly control the access through several measures, such as front-end intervention, holding interviews, admission commitment and filing management.

        Deng Tao, director of the Political Research Office of Dongguan Municipal Committee, believes that there is no conflict with the reform of commercial registration. Only after the operator has obtained the license, the public security, fire protection, health and other departments learned this information through the information sharing platform, intervened in the review in advance, and had a warning conversation with the operator in advance.

[Industry standard]

Real name registration of employees, video surveillance and police networking

        The Code of Conduct for the Management of Entertainment Places in Dongguan, which was promulgated yesterday, made detailed provisions on the management of sauna, song and dance and foot massage in ten aspects: "room, bed, lock, light, window, bell, shadow, person, photo and certificate". Including, no door locks, bolts, etc. shall be installed in rooms and boxes; No lighting lamp with adjustable brightness shall be installed; Install video monitoring equipment that meets national standards in key parts such as entrances and exits of places, reception halls, cashiers, etc., and connect with the public security department in the background; Employees can only take up their posts after obtaining a valid health certificate, and they should be dressed neatly and generously during the business period, and there should be no immorality. The real name registration management of employees …

【 hierarchical management 】

Those with low ratings will increase the frequency of inspection.

        Establish a hierarchical management system for entertainment service places. According to the situation of public security, credit, management, etc., regular assessment, grading, focus on strengthening the frequency and intensity of unannounced visits to key and sensitive entertainment service places. The evaluation and grading of entertainment service places takes half a year as a cycle, and the evaluation and grading results are dynamically reduced and periodically increased.

        "For example, this place was rated as Grade D because of the disorder of public security, so the relevant departments will focus on its supervision and increase the frequency of unannounced visits. And that place was rated as A-level because of good public security order, so the frequency of unannounced visits is not so much, just maintaining the normal management level. " Liu Huilin, head of the Economic Section of the Political Research Office of Dongguan Municipal Committee who participated in the policy drafting, said, "Moreover, this rating is not static, but dynamically changes according to the actual situation."

[Monitoring mechanism]

All major cases involving pornography are "handled in different places"

        The "Opinions" stipulate that the municipal public security department shall organize relevant police types or mobilize the police forces of public security bureaus and police stations in different places to investigate and deal with cases with serious cases, extremely bad influence by media exposure and cases assigned by superiors. Entertainment service places involved in major "pornography, gambling and drugs" crimes that need to be punished shall be handled in different places to avoid human cases, relationship cases, demotion penalties, etc.

        According to insiders of Dongguan police, it is not the first opinion to implement the investigation and handling system of using police in different places for pornographic gambling and drug trafficking cases. As early as a few years ago, Dongguan police had adopted the police system in different places for major pornographic gambling and drug trafficking cases, and the well-known Xindongtai Casino case in Dongkeng in previous years was the police system in different places.

[information linkage]

Non-public security departments shall report the clues related to pornography in time.

        Establish an information notification system, establish a unified and cross-departmental information management platform for entertainment service places, form a complete unified management model for entertainment service places from property leasing, license processing, hardware construction, business operation, supervision and inspection, hidden danger notification to illegal and criminal punishment, and realize the effective supervision of entertainment service places by various functional departments such as public security, industry and commerce, culture, health and family planning with one system and one set of data, so as to avoid the emergence of blind spots in supervision.

        At the same time, establish a clue circulation mechanism. All functional departments should strengthen communication and exchange information in their daily management. For illegal business activities that do not belong to the scope of investigation by this department, the relevant departments should be informed in a timely manner; The investigation and handling of reporting clues shall be summarized once every half month by the notification department, and a report shall be submitted to the local town (street) comprehensive management department.

【 Accountability 】

Four black gauze will be picked when one place is involved in yellow.

        The accountability mechanism is clearly defined in the Opinion Draft. For failure to perform or improper performance of statutory regulatory duties, or daily supervision, investigation and rectification of illegal and criminal acts of "gambling and drugs" in entertainment service places, or abuse of power, dereliction of duty, corruption and other circumstances, the main leaders, leaders in charge and direct staff of relevant functional departments shall be seriously investigated for responsibility. Incorporate the effectiveness of cracking down on illegal and criminal activities of "gambling and drugs" in entertainment service places into the annual work assessment of town and street leading bodies and the annual work assessment of comprehensive management of social management (safe construction) in towns (streets), and implement one-vote veto for units and towns (streets) that fail to implement their work and have major cases (accidents).

        On February 12 this year, the Dongguan Municipal Commission for Discipline Inspection issued an urgent notice. Anyone who fails to investigate and deal with it effectively and is reported to have activities related to pornography and verified, the party secretary of the local town (street), the director of the public security bureau, the director of the police station and the secretary of the village (community) will be dismissed first and then dealt with strictly according to regulations. Huang Ximing said that after the introduction of the "1+4" policy, the above provisions are still valid and will continue to be implemented.

one

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1-2 1-0!

Wonderful night of international football Tottenham leads the Premier League, the big black horse leads La Liga, Nice leads Ligue 1.

Recently, there has been an exciting wave of matches in international football, and several wonderful matches have caused a sensation around the world.

Among them, Tottenham, the leader of the Premier League, withstood the pressure in a thrilling game and beat their opponents 1-2, consolidating their leading position in the Premier League standings.

At the same time, there are also interesting situations in La Liga and Ligue 1. The big black horse rode the dust in La Liga and led the standings, while the Nice team made a leading position in Ligue 1 by virtue of its excellent performance.

In the Premier League, Tottenham played against a strong opponent.

After the start of the game, the two sides launched a fierce confrontation, and the situation on the field changed, and the audience stared at every move.

In the first half, Tottenham’s attack became more fierce, and the team took the lead with Sun Xingyu’s wonderful goal.

However, the opponent launched a crazy counterattack in the second half and once equalized the score. But the goddess of luck seems to be on the side of Tottenham, and harry kane’s goal at the last moment helped the team win the game.

This wonderful victory not only enabled Tottenham to lead the Premier League, but also demonstrated the team’s strength and teamwork spirit.

In La Liga, a big black horse emerged, attracting the attention of fans around the world with its amazing performance and unstoppable momentum.

Although the results have not been optimistic, this team broke expectations in the new season. With a strong lineup and teamwork, they launched an impact on the La Liga champion.

Their constant victories made them lead the standings and won wide acclaim.

The performance of this team has undoubtedly injected new vitality into La Liga, brought more competitiveness to the league and made the fans full of expectations.

In Ligue 1, Nice also showed great strength and dominance.

With their excellent overall cooperation and personal ability, they have won many times in the competition and achieved a leading position.

The team’s young lineup and excellent head coach have made them show unlimited potential and attracted much attention. The success of Nice team has also attracted the attention of Ligue 1. They have become a dark horse in the League and injected new vitality into the League.

Whether Tottenham leads the Premier League, the big black horse dominates in La Liga, or Nice leads in Ligue 1, these wonderful performances have amazed fans all over the world.

The success of these teams is inseparable from their persistence and teamwork spirit, and also reflects the charm and magic of football.

The fans’ attention and support for these games will continue to increase, which will also bring greater motivation to the team.

Generally speaking, this wonderful night of international football has brought many surprises and shocks to the fans.

The leading position of Tottenham, Big Black Horse and Nice Team not only represents their strength, but also represents their love and persistence in football.

The success of these teams is the result of the efforts and efforts of many players and coaches, and their hard work will also become an example for other teams to learn.

In the next game, we will continue to pay attention to the performance of these teams, expecting them to continue their leading position and bring more surprises and excitement to the fans.

At the same time, we also expect other teams to challenge the position of these leaders and inject more suspense and competitiveness into the league.

Whether it is Premier League, La Liga or Ligue 1, these wonderful games will become a feast that fans should not miss.

The charm and emotion of football will continue to be passed on, inspiring fans to persist in pursuing their dreams.

Disclaimer: If the content of the article involves the content of the work, copyright pictures or other issues, please contact the author of this number within 30 days. If the situation is true, we will delete the responsible article as soon as possible. The article only provides reference and does not constitute any investment and application suggestions.

Did you do the swimming stroke correctly?

(Circle cards have been added here, please go to today’s headline client to check)

As soon as you enter the summer, you can be happy in the swimming pool!

The premise is that it is best for you to swim.

Learning to swim is not that difficult.

You can learn to swim by yourself.

Today, Xiao Bian integrated several strokes.

If, you will

So is your action correct?

Breaststroke stroke

The second propulsion element of breaststroke is the stroke (as shown below). Different from freestyle and backstroke, each movement is independent of each other; Therefore, timing is crucial. First of all, focus on the well-trained breaststroke holding and paddling stages. The difference is that the hands are not folded together like the skills introduced earlier. Holding water and paddling are two parts of the same action. Put your elbows together under your body and move your hands forward at the same time, so as to release the water from the paddling position.

prepare

Please make sure there is enough space for this exercise.

2. Lie prone in a neutral position, arms straight, palms down, almost streamlined.

carry out

1. Start holding the water, sweep the water outwards with your hands, slightly over your shoulders, and at the same time, tilt your fingers downwards and point to the bottom of the pool.

2. When viewed from above, the trunk and arms should be Y-shaped. When the finger leans down, the elbow bends slightly, making the forearm assume a more vertical position and exerting more pressure on the water.

3. Stop putting pressure on the water before your hands pass the elbow in a posture where the elbow is high and the elbow is low.

4. When you push your hands forward, put your elbows away.

5. When restoring the streamlined posture, make sure that your hands accelerate through.

Freestyle stroke cycle

Once one arm stroke cycle (one for the right arm and one for the left arm) is completed, multiple arm stroke cycles can be combined. Please remember that (unlike other sports) in swimming, the sooner the better is not always possible. Keep moving slowly and unhurriedly. The real goal of this part of the exercise is to fix a hand and forearm in the water and pull the body through them. Stop when you need to breathe.

prepare

 Start near the pool wall, push the pool wall, keep a streamlined posture, and face in the water.

carry out

1. Start with any arm and feel comfortable. Stroke your arm as many times as possible in one breath and exhale slowly.

2. Repeat this process several times and try to swim farther in the pool with the same number of strokes.

Basic backstroke stroke

A good backstroke stroke includes holding water, paddling, ending (palms facing your body, not the bottom of the pool) and resetting, which provide the main swimming propulsion. At a point where the stroke arm is almost vertical, rotate the hand and let the little finger guide the stroke arm to reset.

prepare

1. Make sure there are no obstacles in the swimming lane and the backstroke flag is in the proper position.

2. Adopt a balanced posture of supine.

Execution: holding water

1. Start with the left hand and the left arm, and rotate the hand so that the small point is inclined to the bottom of the pool. Doing so will cause you to rotate slightly to one side.

2. Bend your wrist so that your hand is perpendicular to the target direction.

Follow-up action: paddling

1. The second element is paddling. In this part, bend the elbow so that the forearm is perpendicular to the target direction. Keep your elbow away from your body and prevent it from guiding your stroke.

2. Pull back the arm while keeping the hand and forearm perpendicular to the target direction.

end

When the arm is halfway done, the arm is about in the middle position below the body. It is like trying to slap the thigh with your hand to transition from pulling to pushing.