Three questions about people’s livelihood: How to play online games to be healthy and what to play properly.

  Core reading

  How can online games prevent addiction and be effective and long-lasting? Experts suggest that parents should not instill in their children the idea that playing games is a sin, but should help them improve their self-control. In addition to setting up functions such as "one-click no play" and "limited consumption", game companies should also make plans to keep young people away from bad content. Only when the society gives guidance, parents teach by example, game companies develop high-quality content, and relevant departments assume regulatory responsibilities can a complete and effective closed loop be formed.

  Games are charming and children are easy to indulge. How should parents, society and game companies treat and treat games? What measures can all parties take to prevent teenagers from indulging in online games? We interviewed game companies, relevant scholars and experts to discuss the solutions to game addiction.

  How to guide children to play online games without affecting parent-child relationship?

  Q: What are the characteristics of teenagers using the Internet? Why is there an addiction to online games?

  Zhang Haibo, director of china national youth palace association Children’s Media Literacy Education Research Center: Today’s teenagers are aborigines in the digital age, and playing online games is their basic entertainment.

  From 5 to 14 years old, teenagers have a "triple jump" rule in the process of contacting the internet: around 5 years old, they haven’t gone to school yet, but they may have contacted the internet, and online games have become a part of life; Around the age of 10, teenagers will not only search through the internet, but also participate in social activities and express themselves; Around the age of 14, the internet has become an inseparable tool in life, and some teenagers have even surpassed their parents in "network digitalization ability".

  Teenagers are addicted to online games, often because there are four kinds of problems in parent-child relationship: first, they don’t understand, that is, parents don’t know what their children are doing online; The second is "poor relationship", that is, parents have not established a good parent-child relationship with their children online and offline; The third is "lack of guidance", that is, parents let their children play online games; The fourth is "bad demonstration", that is, parents themselves are addicted.

  Q: What are the parents’ responses to children playing online games? What is the correct way?

  Zhang Haibo: There are two common scenes in modern families: one is "network battle", in which parents control the network and never let their children touch online games; The second is "electronic nanny", which directly throws mobile phones and networks to children. In fact, excessive control and indulgence are not real education, and they are easy to aggravate teenagers’ addiction to online games.

  Li Tao, producer of Zeno technology games: I know a parent who severely taught his son to play games, which made him nervous when he heard the word "game", but when others were playing, the child still couldn’t help peeking.

  In my opinion, parents should not instill in their children the idea that playing games is evil. Too rigid management will make teenagers more inclined to decompress through online games. Parents should help their children to choose suitable games and establish their children’s aesthetic appreciation of high-quality online games. To help children choose high-quality games, we can first pay attention to the game age grading standards, secondly, we can simply try them out by parents themselves, and then refer to the evaluation and recommendation of the media and netizens. Only by knowing ourselves and ourselves can we grasp the initiative.

  Liu Mengfei, lecturer of "Game Research and Gamification Practice" course in Beijing Normal University: Game is essentially a meaning system guided by rules. "If you follow the rules to solve problems, you can get some rewards and feedback" — — This principle can also be used in reality. Before the children touch the game, parents can negotiate, guide and set rules to let the children show initiative and self-control in this process.

  Echo Gao, Ph.D. in Education, Psychology and Art History, University of Munich: Parents should do the following when dealing with online games: First, establish clear rules. Parents must know what their children are playing, and know where to play, when to play and how long to play. Second, to be a role model for children, parents can’t be addicts themselves. Third, provide children with opportunities to connect with real life. Psychology believes that the sense of reality is an important criterion to measure whether the psychological state is healthy or not. Some parents abroad spontaneously organize various sports associations, and parents take turns to take charge of classes. This practice not only creates opportunities for parents to accompany their children, but also provides them with real social circles. At present, many parents in China learn from it, such as organizing children to climb mountains and have an outing. Fourth, parents should accompany their children with high quality. High quality requires high attention and response, but not too much interference with children, giving them full freedom and maintaining good communication with them.

  Ask the online game producer how to control the supply side?

  Q: In game design, what responsibilities should game companies take to avoid adverse effects on teenagers?

  Liu Mengfei: In the early stage of game development, game companies should care for young players and consider the needs of young people from the perspectives of vision, culture and experience. In addition, we should make relevant plans for young players, such as how to keep young people away from bad players, bad language and thoughts.

  The game content can also be guided by some rules. If the player has pornographic and bullying performance, the game mechanism should be severely punished. When young players socialize properly and complete cooperation, they can be rewarded in terms of game values; On the other hand, if there is bad behavior in the game, players can be "sent" to a specific space to limit their freedom of play. To return to the normal space, we need to learn community norms and pass the answer test.

  To guide gamers, we should use the rules and mechanisms of the game itself, try our best to respect the players’ discourse system and subjective initiative, and avoid overbearing paternalism.

  Q: What measures can game companies take to prevent teenagers from indulging in online games?

  Joe Cheng, Director of Tencent’s Growth Guard Platform: In early 2017, Tencent launched a growth guard platform, through which parents can bind their children’s game accounts, and conduct operations such as inquiry, reminder, time slot setting, one-click ban on playing and limited consumption. As of July this year, about 8.78 million accounts were bound to the growth guardian platform.

  The growth guardian platform is divided into two modes: the super parent mode was launched in 2017, and its essence is the control tool for supervision and inspection; We will launch the Weteam model this year, on the one hand, urging parents to set an example, on the other hand, urging children to fulfill their agreements and get incentives. It is hoped that this model can cultivate the parent-child relationship of mutual trust, positive encouragement and entertaining.

  In order to prevent teenagers from irrational consumption in online games, Tencent has launched a game consumption reminder function for minors. If the accumulated consumption of users reaches 300 yuan in the past 30 days, Tencent will remind the payment account owner.

  At present, Tencent has cooperated with Peking University Institute of Education, Central Academy of Fine Arts, Virginia Institute of Functional Games, China Association for Science and Technology and other domestic and foreign academic and scientific research institutions to explore ways to enrich the educational model by using online games and build a healthy, positive, safe and reliable online game space for teenagers.

  How to better control online games under the principle of seeking advantages and avoiding disadvantages?

  Q: Many parents know about internet addiction rehabilitation institutions, and some even send their children there. Are such institutions reliable?

  Liu Mengfei: The professional qualifications of many internet addiction institutions are rather suspicious. Although game addiction is listed as mental illness in the latest edition of the International Classification of Diseases released by the World Health Organization. But this does not mean that those institutions that quit Internet addiction are "innate" with legitimacy. Even for the definition of "Internet addiction", the standards of these internet addiction institutions may not be consistent and authoritative enough.

  Some cases show that sending children to some internet addiction rehabilitation institutions will cause permanent damage to the parent-child relationship. After the children return home, their trust in their parents will be greatly reduced, and the parent-child relationship may become very indifferent or even tense.

  Q: How to look at and do online games in order to prevent and control addiction for a long time?

  Zhang Haibo: With regard to the network, we should adhere to the concept of "pursuing advantages and avoiding disadvantages": we can neither regard the network as a scourge nor leave risks unchecked. Parents should make the Internet "work for me" through active guidance, making it a good helper for entertainment, study and daily life, and a way to express themselves and participate in social activities.

  Liu Mengfei: There are already hundreds of millions of gamers in China. Since the scale of players has reached such an order of magnitude, it is necessary to fully investigate and understand the actual situation before finding a targeted solution when solving related problems.

  For online games, parents, schools and society can’t just see its possible negative effects. Only when schools give guidance, parents teach by example, game companies develop high-quality content and anti-addiction mechanisms, and relevant departments undertake the responsibility of formulating rules and supervision can a complete and effective closed loop be formed.

Ten must-see Chinese high-definition movies to make your movie-watching trip more exciting!

Original title: Ten must-see Chinese high-definition movies to make your movie-watching trip more exciting!

In this busy world, we are all eager to find a way to relax and enjoy a good time. Film, as a unique art form, can always bring us endless joy and emotion. Today, I will recommend ten Chinese high-definition movies to you to make your movie-watching trip more exciting.

1. Farewell My Concubine: This classic by director Chen Kaige tells a touching story that spans half a century. The performance in the film is a must, and the superb acting skills of ZhangFeng yi and Leslie Cheung are unforgettable.

2. To Be Alive: This work by director Zhang Yimou shows the great changes of China society through the fate of an ordinary family. The life in the film is full of flavor, which makes people feel the hardship and beauty of life with empathy.

3. "Let the Bullets Fly": This comedy action film, with its unique humor and satire, shows the complex face of river’s lake grievances and power struggles. Jiang Wen’s outstanding performance makes this role a classic.

4. Infernal Affairs: This Hong Kong gangster film, with its tense plot and excellent performance, has become a classic of Chinese movies. The performances of Tony Leung Chiu Wai and Andy Lau made people deeply impressed with these two roles.

5. Titanic: This romantic disaster film, with its touching love story and shocking visual effects, has become a global box office champion. The performances of Leonardo DiCaprio and kate winslet moved people.

6. Hero: This epic masterpiece directed by Zhang Yimou shows the heroic legend of the Warring States Period with its grand scenes and rich colors. Jet Li, Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Maggie Cheung and other powerful actors joined in, adding a lot of color to the film.

7. Wedding the Great Sage on a Chinese Odyssey: This classic comedy, with its humorous dialogue and fantastic settings, has become the favorite of many people. Stephen Chow’s performance is unforgettable.

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon: This martial arts film, with its beautiful fighting scenes and profound themes, has become the pinnacle of Chinese movies. The performances of Zhou Yong, Zhang Ziyi and other actors are amazing.

9. The Painted Skin: This fantasy romance has become a highlight of Chinese movies with its unique visual effect and touching love story. The performances of actors such as Chen Kun and Zhou Xun are impressive.

10. "Hawthorn Tree Love": This romantic film adapted from the novel of the same name has become a masterpiece in many people’s hearts with its pure love story and beautiful pictures. Zhang Yimou’s directing skill is once again reflected.

These films have their own characteristics, including profound themes and wonderful performances. I hope you can find your own happy time while watching these movies. Let’s feel the charm of the film and experience a different wonderful life together.

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The football boy was rescued from a cave in Thailand and died on a British campus. The cause of death was announced.

The Beijing News (Reporter Xu Bangyin) Recently, according to foreign media reports, the forensic doctor in Leicestershire, England, announced the cause of death of Dom, the captain of Thailand’s "Cave Football Team". In February this year, the 17-year-old Thai football boy who studied in the UK died unfortunately. Today, the forensic doctor confirmed that Dom committed suicide.

Dom is the captain of Thailand’s "Wild Boar" football team. He was trapped in a cave in Thailand with his teammates and miraculously rescued after 18 days. On June 23, 2018, due to a sudden rainstorm, 12 players and 1 coach of the "Wild Boar" football team were trapped in a cave in Chiang Rai province, Thailand, and thousands of rescuers from all over the world were involved in search and rescue work. On July 10th of that year, Dom and 11 teammates and coaches were all rescued.

According to foreign media reports, when the search and rescue work went on the ninth day, divers found the trapped people of the "Wild Boar" football team. Dom, who was only 13 years old at that time, was the first to deliver the news to the outside world on behalf of the team.

It is widely known that the Thai football teenager was rescued after being trapped in a cave for 18 days. Twelve players were invited to Britain to watch the Premier League match. For children who have experienced the test of life and death, their life trajectory has changed. A teammate once said that Dom’s goal is to become a member of the Thai football team.

In 2022, Dom got a scholarship from a foundation in Thailand and got the opportunity to study in the UK. Last August, Dom went to Brookhouse College, a boarding school with a professional football college in Leicestershire, England, where Dom could continue his professional football training.

In February this year, an accident happened. Dom, who was in a coma in the dormitory, was found by his roommate and was rushed to the local hospital. After two days of rescue, Dom died unfortunately. After a preliminary investigation, Leicestershire police said that there were no suspicious signs of Dom’s death, but the specific cause of Dom’s death was not announced.

After more than half a year’s in-depth investigation, Catherine Mei Sen, a senior forensic doctor in Leicestershire, recently concluded that Dom committed suicide. Catherine Mei Sen said that the police found no evidence to prove that Dom’s death had third-party involvement or other suspicious circumstances. "Dom didn’t know much about the mental health service department before his death, and he didn’t know why he made such a choice."

Dom experienced a moment of life and death in 2018. Whether he was trapped in a cave or was taken out of the cave by rescuers in a coma, the situation was extremely dangerous. But when Dom’s life was back on track and there was a smooth road ahead, he chose to take his own life. Iain smith, president of Brookhouse College, issued a statement saying that all people are still immersed in grief over Dom’s death and will always miss Dom.

Editor Wang Chunqiu

Proofread Wang Xin