Notice on Issuing the Action Plan for Pollution Prevention and Control of Waste Lead Storage Batteries

Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Ecological Environment (Environmental Protection) Department (bureau), Development and Reform Commission, competent department of industry and information technology, public security department (bureau), judicial department (bureau), finance department (bureau), transportation department (bureau, commission), market supervision bureau (bureau, commission), and State Taxation Administration of The People’s Republic of China provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.

  In order to strengthen the pollution prevention and control of waste lead-acid batteries and fight the tough battle of pollution prevention and control in an all-round way, the Action Plan for Pollution Prevention and Control of Waste Lead-acid batteries is hereby printed and distributed to you. Please earnestly implement the requirements and accelerate the work of pollution prevention and control of waste lead-acid batteries.

  General Office of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment

  General Office of Development and Reform Commission

  General Office of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

  General office of Ministry of public security

  General office of Ministry of Justice

  General office of Ministry of Finance

  General Office of Ministry of Transport

  General office of the State Administration of Taxation

  General Office of General Administration of Market Supervision

  January 18, 2019

  Issued by the General Office of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on January 22, 2019

Action plan for pollution prevention of waste lead storage battery

  In recent years, with the large-scale application of lead batteries in the fields of automobiles, electric bicycles and energy storage, China’s lead battery and recycled lead industry have developed rapidly. There are a large number of discarded lead-acid batteries, and the recycling of lead-acid batteries has high resource and environmental value. However, the sources of waste lead-acid batteries are extensive and scattered, and some informal enterprises and individuals seek illegal interests, which leads to the repeated prohibition of illegal collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries, which seriously harms people’s health and ecological environment safety. In accordance with the decision-making arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on comprehensively strengthening the ecological environment protection and fighting the tough battle of pollution prevention and control, this scheme is formulated in order to strengthen the pollution prevention and control of waste lead storage batteries, improve the comprehensive utilization level of resources, promote the standardized and orderly development of lead storage battery production and recycled lead industry, and protect the ecological environment safety and people’s health.

  一、总体要求

  (一)指导思想

  全面贯彻党的十九大和十九届二中、三中全会精神,以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,深入落实习近平生态文明思想和全国生态环境保护大会精神,认真落实党中央、国务院决策部署,坚持和贯彻绿色发展理念,将废铅蓄电池污染防治作为打好污染防治攻坚战的重要内容,以有效防控环境风险为目标,以提高废铅蓄电池规范收集处理率为主线,完善源头严防、过程严管、后果严惩的监管体系,严厉打击涉废铅蓄电池违法犯罪行为,建立规范的废铅蓄电池收集处理体系,有效遏制非法收集处理造成的环境污染,维护国家生态环境安全,保护人民群众身体健康。

  (二)基本原则

  坚持疏堵结合、标本兼治。完善废铅蓄电池收集、贮存、转移、利用处置管理制度,支持铅蓄电池生产企业和再生铅企业建立正规收集处理体系;持续保持高压态势,严厉打击非法收集处理违法犯罪行为。

  Adhere to classified policies and comprehensive management. According to environmental risks, objective conditions of collection and treatment and other factors, the management and control requirements for collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries are reasonably determined by classification; Comprehensive use of legal, economic and administrative means to carry out life cycle management and improve the joint reward and punishment mechanism.

  Adhere to coordination and cooperation and pay close attention to implementation. All departments work closely together according to the division of responsibilities and make concerted efforts to form a joint effort; Strengthen follow-up supervision to ensure that all tasks are effective; All localities earnestly implement the main responsibility and do a good job in pollution control and collection and treatment system construction of waste lead storage batteries.

  Adhere to pluralistic participation and common governance by the whole people. Strengthen publicity and education on pollution prevention of lead-acid batteries, and guide relevant enterprises, public institutions and the public to actively participate in the standardized collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries; Strengthen information disclosure and improve the public supervision and reporting mechanism.

  (III) Main objectives

  In accordance with the requirements of the State Council’s Notice on Printing and Distributing the 13th Five-Year Plan for Ecological Environmental Protection (Guo Fa [2016] No.65) and the State Council General Office’s Notice on Printing and Distributing the Implementation Plan of Extended Producer Responsibility System (Guo Ban Fa [2016] No.99), the illegal collection and treatment of waste lead batteries will be rectified, and the extended producer responsibility system will be implemented to improve the standardized collection and treatment rate of waste lead batteries. By 2020, lead-acid battery manufacturers will realize the standardized collection rate of waste lead-acid batteries by implementing the extended producer responsibility system; By 2025, the standard collection rate of waste lead-acid batteries will reach 70%; Standardize the safe use and disposal of all collected waste lead batteries.

  Second, promote the green development of lead-acid battery production industry

  (four) to establish a list of enterprises in lead-acid battery related industries.Establish lists of key enterprises such as lead storage battery production, primary lead and recycled lead respectively, and make them public and dynamically updated.. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and relevant departments of local governments (hereinafter all including relevant departments of local governments, which will not be repeated) are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of June 2019)

  (5) Severely crack down on illegal production and sales.Take lead-acid batteries as key commodities, and continue to crack down on illegal production and sale of counterfeit and shoddy lead-acid batteries according to law.(The General Administration of Market Supervision is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (6) Vigorously promote cleaner production.For enterprises listed in the list of lead storage battery production, primary lead and secondary lead enterprises, compulsory cleaner production audit shall be implemented according to law, and the interval between two cleaner production audits shall not exceed five years.. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Development and Reform Commission are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (seven) to promote the lead-acid battery producer responsibility extension system.Formulate and issue management measures for recycling lead-acid batteries, and implement extended producer responsibility.(The Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)Give full play to the leading role of lead-acid battery production and lead recycling backbone enterprises, encourage recycling enterprises to establish a reverse recycling system based on the manufacturer’s marketing network, and lead-acid battery production enterprises and importers establish a standardized recycling system through self-built recycling system or cooperation with social recycling system. Encourage lead battery manufacturers to carry out ecological design and increase the proportion of recycled raw materials; Encourage lead battery manufacturers and lead smelting enterprises to complement each other, and support the use of existing lead smelting technology and equipment to treat waste lead batteries. Strengthen the management of recycled lead enterprises and promote the scale and clean development of recycled lead enterprises.(The Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for long-term implementation according to their functions)

  Third, improve the collection system of waste lead batteries

  (eight) improve the supporting legal system.Amend the Law of People’s Republic of China (PRC) on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste, and clarify the extended producer responsibility system and the collection and licensing system of waste lead batteries;(Ministry of Ecology and Environment and Ministry of Justice are responsible for implementation)Revise the Measures for the Management of Hazardous Waste Transfer Joint List to improve the transfer management requirements;(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)Revise the National Hazardous Waste List, and put forward exemption management requirements for collection, storage and transfer under the premise of risk control.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)

  (nine) to carry out the pilot system of centralized collection and trans-regional transportation of waste lead batteries.In order to explore and improve the management system of collection and transfer of waste lead-acid batteries, a pilot system of centralized collection and trans-regional transfer of waste lead-acid batteries is carried out in a conditional area, and the requirements for collection, storage and transfer of undamaged sealed maintenance-free waste lead-acid batteries are conditionally exempted or simplified, so as to reduce costs, improve efficiency and promote the establishment of a standardized and orderly collection and treatment system.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)

  (ten) to strengthen the management of waste lead-acid batteries in the automobile maintenance industry.Strengthen the training and guidance on the sources of waste lead-acid batteries such as vehicle maintenance enterprises (Class I and II), and urge them to deliver waste lead-acid batteries to formal collection and treatment channels according to laws and regulations, and incorporate them into relevant qualification management or assessment and rating index system.(The Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for long-term implementation and will start in 2019)

  Four, strengthen the standardized management of recycled lead industry

  (eleven) strict management of waste lead storage battery business license access.Formulate and publish guidelines for the examination of hazardous waste business license of waste lead-acid batteries, revise the Technical Specification for Pollution Control of Waste Lead-acid Batteries, strictly permit conditions, and prohibit enterprises that have no legal ability to recycle lead from disassembling waste lead batteries.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2019)

  (twelve) to strengthen the standardized management of hazardous waste in recycled lead enterprises.Take recycled lead enterprises as the focus of standardized management of hazardous waste, and improve the standardized management level of hazardous waste in recycled lead enterprises.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for long-term implementation)Recycled lead enterprises should install automatic monitoring and video monitoring equipment in accordance with the law (that is, "installation"), set up an electronic display screen at the gate of the factory for information disclosure (that is, "tree"), and gradually connect real-time monitoring data with ecological and environmental departments at all levels (that is, "link") to realize information management.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)

  Five, severely crack down on illegal and criminal acts involving waste lead batteries.

  (thirteen) severely crack down on and severely investigate and deal with illegal and criminal acts involving waste lead storage battery enterprises.Severely crack down on illegal environmental crimes such as illegal collection and dismantling of waste lead batteries and illegal smelting and recycling of lead.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Public Security are responsible for long-term implementation)Strengthen the inspection of illegal acts involving waste lead storage batteries in lead storage battery production enterprises, primary lead enterprises and recycled lead enterprises, and investigate and deal with such acts as receiving waste lead storage batteries without a hazardous waste business license, failing to implement the hazardous waste transfer manifest system as required, illegally disposing of waste acid solution, and illegally receiving "acid-poured" batteries, recycled crude lead and lead paste lead plates.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (fourteen) to strengthen the tax supervision of recycled lead enterprises.Conduct daily verification and risk assessment on the tax implementation of recycled lead enterprises, and carry out tax inspection according to law for enterprises suspected of serious tax violations such as tax evasion and fraud and false invoicing.(The State Administration of Taxation is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (fifteen) to carry out joint punishment.The information about illegal enterprises and personnel involved in waste lead batteries will be included in the list of illegal and untrustworthy in the field of ecological environment, publicized on the national credit information sharing platform, the website of Credit China and the national enterprise credit information publicity system, publicly exposed and jointly punished.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Transport, the State Administration of Taxation, and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation and will be launched in 2019)

  Sixth, establish a long-term guarantee mechanism

  (sixteen) the implementation of relevant preferential tax policies.We will implement the current preferential value-added tax policy for comprehensive utilization of resources, and enterprises that use waste lead batteries to produce recycled lead can enjoy preferential tax policies according to regulations to support the development of waste lead battery treatment industry.(The Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (seventeen) to improve the level of information management.Establish a lead-acid battery life cycle traceability system to promote the implementation of a unified coding specification.(The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the General Administration of Market Supervision, the Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)Establish a public information service platform for the collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries, connect all the standardized collection and treatment information of waste lead-acid batteries to the platform, and connect with the lead-acid battery production management information system established by relevant authorities, and gradually realize the traceability of the whole process of lead-acid battery production, transportation, sales, abandonment, collection, storage, transshipment, utilization and disposal information.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (eighteen) establish and improve the long-term mechanism of inspector accountability.In areas where the problem of illegal collection of waste lead storage batteries and illegal smelting and recycling of lead is prominent, and the masses have strongly reflected it, causing serious environmental pollution, special inspectors of acupoint type and mobile type will be carried out as appropriate, and interviews will be conducted or accountability will be handed over to the verified dereliction of duty.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (nineteen) to encourage public participation.Carry out education and training on the environmental health hazards of waste lead batteries, widely publicize the relevant policies on the collection and treatment of waste lead batteries, and set up standardized collection and treatment tips in motor vehicle 4S shops, vehicle maintenance enterprises (Class I and II), electric bicycle sales and maintenance enterprises and lead battery sales places to promote the collection and treatment rate of waste lead batteries in formal channels.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are respectively responsible for long-term implementation)Encourage reward reporting, and encourage the public to supervise and report illegal and criminal acts such as illegal collection, illegal smelting of recycled lead, tax evasion, and production of counterfeit and shoddy batteries through telephone, letter, e-mail, government website and WeChat platform.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration of Taxation and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for the long-term implementation)

The national premiere and press conference of the film "Watching Acacia" is being held.

  On November 7th, the premiere and press conference of the frontier defense army love movie "Watching Acacia Tree" based on the true story of Acacia Tree that happened at the Triangle Mountain Post in Inner Mongolia was held in science and technology hall Giant Screen Cinema, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

  The national premiere and press conference of the film "Watching Acacia"

  In the 1980s, Li Xiangen, the company commander of the Triangle Mountain Frontier Defense Company, led a patrol when he was caught in a flood. Li Xiangen was swept away by the rushing river to save his comrades. His wife, Guo Fengrong, rushed to the army with her 2-year-old son, and waited in the place where her husband disappeared. She cried for 3 days and 3 nights without waiting for her husband to return. So she planted a Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica next to the post where her husband was stationed to mourn and raise her young son to grow up alone. In 2010, Guo Fengrong was seriously ill. Before she died, she told her son, "After I die, please scatter my ashes in the Haraha River. I want to be with him forever." In accordance with her last wish, her ashes were scattered into the Haraha River where her husband died, and she stayed with her husband at the border forever. The story of "acacia tree" touched the military families and all walks of life. The film "Watching Acacia" was carefully created under this background. It is a military love feature film that reflects the feelings of the border guards and their love for life and death, and the time span is nearly 40 years.

  Our army is the people’s army and our national defense is the national defense of the whole people; The social status of the army and soldiers will have a profound impact on the army, the country and the nation. "Watching Acacia Tree" closely integrates the two themes of soldiers’ feelings about home and country and faithful love, and is slowly unfolding and interlocking in the way of military wives’ dialogues in different times, eulogizing the noble sentiments of generations of border guards’ selfless dedication and defending the country, so that people can see the greatness of military wives, understand the hardships of military wives, and understand that behind the peaceful country and the people, the years are quiet, it is the hard commitment and selfless dedication of countless military families. The film is touching and touching. "Watching Acacia Tree" sounded the assembly number of caring for national defense, advocating soldiers and respecting military wives in the whole society, played an active role in promoting the mainstream value of admiring heroes and creating a spiritual highland of pursuing dedication, and injected strong impetus and strong warmth into reforming and strengthening the army. After the film was released, it was accompanied by the overall improvement of the sense of responsibility and mission of the soldiers, which was a big country’s army. Member of the All-China Youth Federation, film producer and chief producer warmly said: "Respect is a heartfelt respect, which depends on the individual’s value recognition and the atmosphere of the whole society. In fact, the military professional honor is never just a matter for the army, it is jointly constructed by the state, society, family and individuals ‘ Great Wall of Spirit ’ . To consolidate the Great Wall of China, we must consolidate the worship of the army and the martial arts in the whole nation and society ‘ Spiritual foundation ’ . Happily,Paying attention to national defense, caring for soldiers and caring for military families has increasingly become a social consciousness. What we want to express through the film is the maintenance of military honor, the praise of military value and the affirmation of military dedication. Facing the call of the new era, let’s work together to create the scenery of the times that respects military personnel and their families. "

  Wu Enqi, Deputy Director of Propaganda Department of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Party Committee and Director of Film Bureau, delivered a speech at the premiere.

  Shooting a film with the theme of "defending the country and defending the border" is ideological, significant and politically demanding. Thankfully, "Watching Acacia Tree" shows the initial mission and thoughts and sentiments of border guards in defending sovereignty, performing their duties, and selfless dedication with vivid film language, and achieves the effect of rather critical. For example, when Zhang Zhongliang led a patrol, his subordinates advised him not to cross the river because of the water, but he said firmly, "The situation at the border is more complicated. You and Lao Qiu are both recruits and have little experience. Batu and I will explore first, and you will wait. " These details not only show the awe and responsibility of the soldiers on the frontier for every inch of land, but also show the fine tradition of unity, unity and friendship among the officers and men of the People’s Army. After Nuolili was pregnant and gave birth, Zhang Zhongliang’s father complained that "Zhongliang was so outrageous that Lili and her children waited for a full year and didn’t come back", and his father-in-law explained for his son-in-law that "Zhongliang is defending the country, and the border guards are particularly important in this peacetime", which reflected the military families’ concern for national security and their understanding and support for the soldiers guarding the border. Hu Jinlan, the screenwriter of the film, said: "It is difficult to make a good film with the main theme and positive energy theme, especially those with correct political orientation, far-reaching ideological value and strong artistic appeal. What we have to do is to start with the means of artistic expression, abandon indoctrination and preaching, mechanical story expression, and facial hero creation, and pay attention to the spirit of nuance.Let the audience observe the connotation of the film between touching stories and words. "Although there is not too much rendering, the small and simple lens has the power to reach the soul. In addition, the release of the film coincides with the national commemoration of the 70th anniversary of Chinese people’s Volunteer Army’s going abroad to fight, and it is of great significance to carry forward and extend the patriotic and heroic spirit of revolutionary soldiers.

  Watching Acacia Tree is adapted and created according to the true story of Acacia Tree, which happened in Sanjiaoshan post in Inner Mongolia.

  Watching the Acacia Tree tells the true story, expresses the true feelings, and the word "true" beats all over the film. In the simplicity, there is truth everywhere, filled with true feelings, reflecting the sincerity and shining with true knowledge. From script writing, director shooting, actor performance and editing, the film always runs through the whole process with truthfulness, sincerity and true feelings, which is not only the highlight of the film, but also the tears. Yinnan Ding, director and chief producer of the national biographical film, said that the whole film creation lasted nearly two years. In order to restore the real characters, scenes and context of the story of Acacia Tree, it took more than half a year to polish the script, and it was revised more than 50 times from the beginning of creation to the completion of shooting. There was also a sudden car accident during the filming, which forced the creative staff to make a big adjustment to the script two days before the filming, and told the story in the way of "Hongyan passing the book" instead. At the same time, the later stage of the film can be described as a "frame", including special effects production and music creation, all of which strive to restore the real details, which I believe will bring the audience a high degree of visual and auditory recognition. After watching the movie, the reporter felt that the film used prose-poetry-style biographies to express itself, such as flowing water, showing the spirit of sacrifice and dedication of Chinese border guards and their families freely, which made people unconsciously wet their eyes and let more people see that on the long border of China,Generations of simple and lovely border guards stuck there like nails, and they fulfilled their firm vows of defending the country and defending the border with their youth and life. The heroine Nolili’s sentence, "Everyone has an acacia tree in his heart. What about yours?" It is a direct hit to the heart and makes people cry.

  Watching Acacia Tree was listed as a key gift film to celebrate the centenary of the founding of the Party by the Political Work Department of the Central Military Commission and as a key film project of the year (2019-2022) by the Propaganda Department of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Party Committee.

  Watching Acacia Tree was co-produced by the Propaganda Department of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Party Committee, planned and directed by the Military Culture College of National Defense University. The producer and chief producer were warm, directed by Ding Zhen and Wen Xin, screenwriter Hu Jinlan, chief producer Yinnan Ding and Chen Dongdong, producer Niu Xiuquan, starring young actors Zhu Yan, Huailong Li and Husileng, and co-starred by many famous performing artists such as Song Chunli, Xinyun Zhu, Zhao Xiaoming and Han Yueqiao. The premiere was hosted by the Propaganda Department of the Party Committee of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, the Political Work Bureau of Inner Mongolia Military Region and the National Defense Education Office of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. At the event, the main film creators and cast members appeared in unison. Ma Qinglei, commander of the Inner Mongolia Military Region, Bai Yugang, member of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of the Autonomous Region and Minister of Propaganda Department, and other relevant leaders of the Inner Mongolia military region and representatives of the military and civilians gathered in Shengyi.

  It is reported that the film will be released on November 20 th, and it is planned to designate a special event to invite military personnel (including retired military personnel) and military wives to watch it for free.

What are the traditional customs of Lantern Festival? What is the meaning of Lantern Festival? What are the implications?

In the first month, the first month is the first month, and the fifteenth day of the first month is full of lanterns. Lantern Festival is the night of the first full moon in the New Year. It is a day when lanterns are the custom and dragons and lions are danced. It is also one of the most important folk festivals. On what date is the holiday on the fifteenth day of the first month of this year?

What are the traditional customs of Lantern Festival?

  Step 1 eat yuanxiao

  Eating Yuanxiao on the fifteenth day of the first month is a long-standing custom in China. Yuanxiao is called "Tangyuan", and its ingredients and flavors are different, but eating Yuanxiao represents the same meaning: it represents reunion and beauty, and the days are getting more and more prosperous. As the saying goes, "Harmony makes money" shows how important family harmony and family reunion are to a complete family. Therefore, we must eat "Yuanxiao" with our families on the Lantern Festival. What’s the difference between Yuanxiao and Tangyuan?

  2. Decorate with lanterns

  Since the Lantern Festival custom was formed, it has been a great event for thousands of years to watch the lanterns with 15 lanterns in the first month. On this night, countless people played and watched the lights. Everyone stayed up all night, having fun and being very lively.

  3. solve riddles on the lanterns

  "solve riddles on the lanterns", also known as "playing riddles", is a Lantern Festival activity added after the Southern Song Dynasty. Lantern riddles first developed from riddles, which hung from lamps for people to guess and shoot, and began in the Southern Song Dynasty. Because riddles are enlightening and interesting, they are welcomed by all walks of life.

  Step 4 play dragon lantern

  Playing dragon lantern, also known as dragon lantern or dragon dance. Its origin can be traced back to ancient times. Legend has it that as early as the Yellow Emperor, in a large-scale song and dance called "Qingjiao", there was an image of a leading bird played by a man, and then a dance scene with six dragons interspersed with each other was arranged.

  Step 5 walk on stilts

  Walking on stilts is a popular folk mass performance. Stilts originally belong to one of the hundreds of ancient dramas in China, which appeared as early as the Spring and Autumn Period.

  6. lion dance

  "Lion Dance", also known as "Lion Dance" and "Peace Music", is usually performed by three people: one acts as the lion’s head, the other acts as the lion’s body and hind feet, and the other acts as the lion leader. There are also civil and military dances. The literary dance shows the gentleness of the lion, and there are actions such as shaking hair and rolling. Martial lion shows the fierceness of the lion, including prancing, pushing high and rolling colored balls.

  7. walking away from all diseases

  Walking away from all diseases is a custom in the north since the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is also called walking away from all diseases, dispersing all diseases, baking all diseases, walking on bridges, etc. It is an activity to eliminate disasters and pray for health. On the night of Lantern Festival, women meet and travel together, and when they see a bridge, they must cross it, thinking that this can cure diseases and prolong life.

  8. Rat by rat

  This activity is mainly for sericulture families. Because rats often eat silkworms in large areas at night. It is said that on the fifteenth day of the first month, the mouse can be fed rice porridge, so it can stop eating silkworms. As a result, these people cooked a large pot of sticky porridge on the fifteenth day of the first month, and some of them covered it with a layer of meat. They put the porridge in a bowl and put it in the ceiling, corner and mouth where mice were infested, cursing the mice that they would not die a natural death if they ate silkworm babies again.

  9. Sacrifice doors and households

  In ancient times, there were "seven sacrifices", which were two of them. The method of sacrifice is to insert poplar branches above the door, insert a pair of chopsticks in a bowl filled with bean porridge, or put wine and meat directly in front of the door.

What does Lantern Festival mean?

  Lantern Festival is a folk activity in China, which originated in the Han Dynasty. The first month is the first month of the lunar calendar. The ancients called the night "Xiao", so they called the fifteenth day of the first month the Lantern Festival. The 15th day of the first month is the night of the first full moon in a year, and it is also the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty. On the night in spring returns, people celebrate this and celebrate the continuation of the Spring Festival. Lantern Festival is also called "Shangyuan Festival". The origin of the Lantern Festival

  Lantern Festival in a broad sense refers to various activities to celebrate the Lantern Festival.

What’s the sign of Lantern Festival?

  In fact, the meaning of Lantern Festival is similar to that of Chinese New Year, so let’s have a lively reunion! Only after the Lantern Festival, the students have to go back to class, so the Lantern Festival is probably the last time for the student party to play in the winter vacation. Now, many people also feel that the taste of festivals is getting weaker and weaker, but Xiao Bian feels that as long as the family is reunited, every day is a festival.

Editor in charge: Ke Jinding

What is the so-called "basic skill" of playing table tennis? Besides hand feeling and footwork, what subjects can you practice first?

(Welcome everyone to pay attention to the collection of amateur enlightenment)

In the first few articles, we mainly start with "off-stage kung fu", and suggest that you accumulate some feelings from the aspects of ball feeling and hand feeling in order to better train on the stage. In this issue, we focus on introducing several methods of training on the stage. These subjects are necessary for playing table tennis well, and they play a vital role in action shaping, strength use, muscle memory, physical coordination and so on. Need to remind everyone that in the process of practicing all the skills and tactics of table tennis, only "serving" can be done by one person, while other subjects need the help of coaches or sparring partners. Therefore, if everyone can find one or more like-minded partners when learning table tennis, the effect of mutual help and common improvement is the best. In addition, the basic stage training is mainly based on "repetitive mode", and the best way is to "play more balls". Both practitioners and sparring partners need enough patience and relatively fixed time and energy input to adjust all kinds of errors in practice in time and finally develop a smooth and coordinated awareness of hitting the ball.

Forehand single point attack

Forehand attack is the first training subject that almost all table tennis players come into contact with. Its action is simple, but it is very important. With the foundation of "freehand swing", everyone’s practice can go from "no ball" to "with ball". In the process of forehand attack, everyone must pay attention to the integrity of the action. From the lead shot to the return, we should gradually realize the feeling of "the body’s center of gravity shifts between our legs". Don’t stand in the same place with both feet and hit the ball with only the upper body or only the arm. This exercise doesn’t require us to exert much effort, let alone to play very fast. The key point is to keep the rhythm steady, keep the movements consistent, and play hard every time. After gradually finding some feelings, everyone can improve their self-requirements in the quality of hitting the ball. For example, the hitting point of each board should be kept in front of the body, and don’t let the ball or wait for the ball; The past ball gradually changes from "breaking point" to "hitting point", that is, try to hit the ball in the same area on the opposite table, and so on.

Forehand two-point attack

Forehand fixed-point attack requires us to change our center of gravity in situ, while two-point attack begins to require everyone to "move" their feet. The "two points" mentioned here generally refer to the forehand position of the middle and right half of the table (taking the right-handed racquet holder as an example). In this training, everyone should use footwork to find a "point" to hit the ball. The footwork needed here is basically step-by-step, and the key point in practice is to strengthen the awareness of foot movement and grasp the appropriate hitting rhythm. In the process of feeding more balls, the speed of sparring partners should not be too fast, and the effectiveness and coordination of the actions of the practitioners should be taken into account.

Forehand three-point attack

The three-point forehand attack is mainly to train the consistency of forehand movements. The so-called "three points" means from the right half of the table to the middle of the table and then to the left half. In this training, we also need to use footwork to hit the ball in sports. Compared with two-point attack, the usage rate of footwork is doubled, and it is more necessary to adjust your breathing and maintain the stability of your movements. In the process of moving from right to left, everyone’s body tilt angle should be gradually increased when hitting the ball. When hitting the middle road, it can be opened 15-20 degrees on many sides and 35-45 degrees on the left half platform, so as to deepen the impression of moving the center of gravity dynamically and experience different hitting feelings at different points.

Backhand fixed point/two-point attack

The training methods of backhand attack and forehand attack are basically the same. Only in contact time, backhand fixed-point attack should not be started after everyone has just mastered forehand fixed-point. Because for amateurs, the action structure of backhand position is relatively simple, and enlightenment is relatively easier. If you just learn to fix the forehand at the beginning stage and add backhand content, it is easy for everyone to know which side to use when they encounter "live ball" in future training. Therefore, arranging the backhand fixed-point practice after the forehand attack at two or three o’clock will not only help you to know the forehand practice, but also have the foundation of moving footwork under your feet, which will be very helpful to improve the backhand quickly.

In backhand attack, the racket should hit the ball in a stable position on the chest, and hit the ball mainly in the form of "top stroke". Don’t add too many wrist movements, and don’t just dial the top, just hold the ball first and then dial it out. Need to remind everyone that the backhand is smaller than the forehand, but all the details of the action should not be lazy, such as leading, restoring, relying on the body’s center of gravity, etc., and should be complete. One board is like this, and so are many boards.

Fixed-point pendulum speed

After everyone has mastered the forehand and backhand attack skills skillfully, they can enter the "swing speed" training stage of transforming and integrating the two. As the name implies, "swing speed" means hitting the ball with forehand, then hitting the ball with backhand, and so on. When you first come into contact with this exercise, you can stand on the left half of the table, change the stroke from backhand block to forehand attack, and then return to backhand block. If you feel that it is relatively difficult to find the rhythm, you can add it to one side twice or three times. Remember not to try to be quick, or just hit the ball. You must pay attention to coordination and quality.

Two-point swing speed/fixed-point swing speed

Two-point swing speed is to connect forehand fixed-point and backhand fixed-point attack by stepping. This training requires that our footwork under our feet should be in place, our bodies should be elastic, and we can finally stand in place before hitting the ball when moving. If the feet are not in place and the hands reach the ball, then the meaning of regular practice will be lost. It is more difficult to practice without fixed-point swing. After all, this subject is very close to actual combat, or to some extent, it has been simulated actual combat. One of its difficulties is that the coverage of the hitting point is relatively large, and the other is that there are many changes in the way of hitting the ball in the hand. If any foundation is not solid enough before, you don’t have to rush to practice the swing speed without a fixed point.

There are a few tips about the above training contents: First, don’t be too hasty in the practice process, you must do it step by step, and try two points after you are skilled enough. The second is that since you start training, you should follow the most reasonable movements, and never ignore the details of the movements in order to save trouble. Otherwise, once the small problems left behind form a memory, it will definitely affect the improvement of the level in the future, and it will be difficult to rework and correct them. The third is whether all the above exercises are qualified, and the most important measure is the rate of coming to the stage and continuity. Don’t excessively pursue the speed, rotation and strength of hitting the ball.

Many fans are used to calling some practice subjects the basic skills of table tennis. In fact, this statement is not rigorous. The so-called "basic skill" is more important than an inner feeling. To give the simplest example, "staring at the ball" is a very important basic skill; When the ball is in front of us, whether our feet can move to the most comfortable position and whether our hands can be lifted to the right hitting point is also a basic skill; When you touch the ball, whether you can adjust to the best shape and make the most reliable arc through previous judgment is also a basic skill. Practice subjects are just the external manifestation of "basic skills" and a process to help us constantly strengthen our memory and techniques.