Nine tips on Double Ninth Festival: Why is it also called Ascending Festival?

  BEIJING, Beijing, October 4 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) The Double Ninth Festival, a traditional festival with a long history in China, has always been highly regarded.

  Cheng Peng, an assistant researcher at the Institute of Literature, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, believes that climbing high to enjoy autumn and giving thanks to respect for the elderly are two important themes of the Double Ninth Festival. In addition, there are activities such as sunbathing in autumn, flying kites, eating Chongyang cakes and drinking chrysanthemum wine.

  How did the name of Double Ninth Festival come from?

  Double Ninth Festival is also called Ascending Festival, Double Ninth Festival, Chrysanthemum Festival and so on, which means peace, health and longevity.

Data Map: Double Ninth Festival. People came to the Tengwangge tourist area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and climbed high to pray. <a target='_blank' href=https://news.cctv.com/2022/10/04/'/'><p class=

  Data Map: Double Ninth Festival. People came to the Tengwangge tourist area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and climbed high to pray. China News Service reporter Jiang Tao photo

  Regarding the origin of the name of the Double Ninth Festival, Cheng Peng said that in the Book of Changes, the number of "nine" is yang, and the number of "nine nine" is heavy, so it is called "Chongyang"; It is also called "double ninth" because the day and the month all meet nine.

  When can the origin of the festival be traced back?

  According to Cheng Peng, the existing written records about the custom of Double Ninth Festival were first found in Ji Qiu Ji in Lu Chunqiu, which recorded the activities of the ancients in offering sacrifices to the heavenly emperor and ancestors in September.

  According to textual research, the origin of the Double Ninth Festival can be traced back to ancient times, when there were ritual activities of worshipping the gods and ancestors in the season and autumn. In the Han Dynasty, the custom of Chongyang was further popularized.

  Is it related to the ancient ceremony of offering sacrifices to the "fire"?

  It is said that one of the prototypes of the Double Ninth Festival is the ancient ritual of offering sacrifices to the "fire".

  Cheng Peng said that "Fire" (Antares) is the time coordinate used by the ancients to determine the signs of seasonal production and seasonal life. In ancient times, according to the orbit and position of the sun, the moon and the stars, people divided the astrology near the ecliptic into 28 groups, commonly known as "Twenty-eight Hostages".

  In the east, the horn, the horn, the room, the heart, the tail and the dustpan form a complete dragon-shaped astrology (seven nights in black dragon). In the season when the "fire" in the autumn and the autumn retires, people should hold corresponding farewell ceremonies.

Data Map: The picture shows the people expressing their blessings on the Double Ninth Festival according to the Qin ceremony, antique system and traditional Chinese etiquette. <a target='_blank' href=https://news.cctv.com/2022/10/04/'/'><p class=

  Data Map: The picture shows the people expressing their blessings on the Double Ninth Festival according to the Qin ceremony, antique system and traditional Chinese etiquette. China News Service reporter Zhang Tianfu photo

  With the development of society, people have a new understanding of the seasons, and the ceremony of offering sacrifices to Vulcan in September gradually declined.

  How deep is the connotation of the Double Ninth Festival?

  The Double Ninth Festival is a festival with profound connotations. As time goes by, its customs are constantly enriched and developed.

  Cheng Peng explained that the written record of the name "Double Ninth Festival" began in the Three Kingdoms period. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the festive atmosphere became stronger, and there were written records of chrysanthemum appreciation and drinking customs.

  For example, Tao Yuanming said in the preface to the poem "Nine Days of Idleness": "I am idle and love the name of nine. Autumn chrysanthemum is full of gardens, but it is awkward, and it is empty for Jiuhua, and it is cherished by words. "

  In the Tang Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was designated as an official festival. From then on, the court and the people celebrated the Double Ninth Festival together and held various activities during the festival. In the Song Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was more lively. The Dream of China in Tokyo recorded the grand occasion of the Double Ninth Festival in the Northern Song Dynasty.

  How did the ancients celebrate the Double Ninth Festival?

  Chongyang can be regarded as one of the landmarks in the transition of autumn and winter in people’s lives, and festival customs are carried out around people’s feelings at this season.

Data Map: Flying kites in Hanfu Girls' Double Ninth Festival. Liu kegeng photo

  Data Map: Flying kites in Hanfu Girls’ Double Ninth Festival. Liu kegeng photo

  It is an important custom of this traditional festival to climb high and look far. Cheng Peng said that the custom of climbing on Chongyang Mountain mainly stems from the climate characteristics at this time and the ancient people’s worship of mountains. In ancient times, there were customs such as climbing to pray for blessings, worshipping gods and ancestors, and drinking and praying for longevity on the Double Ninth Festival.

  In the Qing Dynasty, it was a custom for Beijing to celebrate the Double Ninth Festival by sticking chrysanthemum branches and leaves on doors and windows, "to remove evil and filth to attract good luck".

  What’s so particular about Chongyang cake?

  Chongyang cake is one of the delicacies at this time. It is also called flower cake, chrysanthemum cake and five-color cake, and the system is arbitrary. Cheng Peng said that the exquisite Chongyang cake should be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, with two lambs on it, so as to conform to the meaning of Chongyang (sheep).

  Sometimes, people will put a little red paper flag (instead of cornus) on the Chongyang cake and light candles. Replace the meaning of "climbing" with "lighting a lamp" and "eating cake".

  Nowadays, there are still no fixed varieties of Chongyang cakes, and the soft cakes eaten in various places on the Double Ninth Festival are called Chongyang cakes.

  What is the meaning of chrysanthemum wine?

  In addition to all kinds of cakes, chrysanthemum wine is also popular with people.

Data map: Children and the elderly make Chongyang cakes together. Photo by Meng Delong

  Data map: Children and the elderly make Chongyang cakes together. Photo by Meng Delong

  Cheng Peng introduced that chrysanthemum wine was regarded as an "auspicious wine" for double ninth festival in ancient times. Chrysanthemum wine is a medicinal liquor, with a slightly bitter taste, which can make people clear their eyes and wake up after drinking, and has auspicious meaning of dispelling disasters and praying for blessings.

  Why wear a cornus?

  Cheng Peng said that among the many customs of the Double Ninth Festival, the custom of inserting Evodia rutaecarpa is relatively widespread, which is mainly popular in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Huaihe River and Yangtze River Basin.

  Evodia rutaecarpa and chrysanthemum morifolium were very common in the Tang Dynasty. It is said that cornus has a strong fragrance, which has the functions of improving eyesight and refreshing brain, and can eliminate food stagnation and treat cold and heat.

  The ancients believed that climbing a mountain and inserting dogwood on the Double Ninth Festival could drive away insects, damp and wind evil. So he put cornus on his arm or ground it in a sachet, and put it in his head. Most of them are worn by women and children, and men in some places also wear them.

  How can traditional festivals be passed down?

  The ancients had the custom of feasting and praying for longevity on the Double Ninth Festival, which pinned people’s wishes for the health and longevity of the elderly, while activities such as climbing mountains and flying paper kites also reflected people’s wishes for health and longevity.

  Cheng Peng said that now the Double Ninth Festival is also a festival for the elderly, which is endowed with the connotation of respecting the elderly. The inheritance of festivals should not only follow the cultural core of ancient customs, but also conform to contemporary values.

  He believes that feasting for the elderly, drinking and praying for longevity, or taking the elderly to climb mountains appropriately, enjoying chrysanthemums, drinking chrysanthemum tea or chrysanthemum wine, eating Chongyang cake, etc. are all important forms of inheriting the custom of Chongyang. (End)

Too tired to go to work, I just want to "fish", and nearly half of the workers steal an hour every day.

Over 70% of the respondents believe that "fishing" is an inevitable phenomenon, but many managers have also come up with various ways to prevent "fishing".
Reporter | Zhou Shuqi
"Fishing", also known as paddling, usually refers to the behavior of doing nothing and being lazy during work breaks. In the past, "fishing" was a high-risk action that needed to be feared. Nowadays, "fishing" behaviors that relax oneself after work, such as chatting, brushing Weibo and online shopping, have penetrated into the daily life of people in the workplace.
On February 22nd, Worry-Free Future released a survey report on people’s "fishing" in the workplace (hereinafter referred to as the "report"). Only 12.3% of the respondents said that they did not "fish", 20.8% of the respondents thought that "fishing" should exist in a fast-paced and high-intensity work environment, and another 28.3% thought that "fishing" was not doing business or right.
Over 7 adults feel at ease when "fishing"
According to the survey data, 71.5% of the respondents believe that "fishing" is an inevitable phenomenon, but most people "fish" for a short time. 47.6% of the people in the workplace "fish" for less than one hour a day, 12.7% of the respondents fish for 2-4 hours, and less than 10% of the respondents said that the daily "fish" time will be more than four hours.
Image source: Worry-free future
From the age level, people who like to "fish" are mainly post-90 s. According to the survey, only 12.3% said that they hardly touch fish, and almost all of them are concentrated in the post-60 s -80 s, and only a handful of post-90 s choose this item.
When "fishing", more than 60% of people in the workplace said that they would not feel guilty, but they would have concerns, fearing that they would be discovered by the leaders and that their work could not be completed were the top two, accounting for 37% and 30.2% respectively; More than a quarter of the respondents were "fearless" about the consequences of "fishing".
It is worth mentioning that the survey found that the respondents’ fishing choices are diverse and evenly distributed. Chatting (16.1%) and brushing articles (13.4%) are the most popular "fishing" behaviors for people in the workplace, and people in the post-90s generation choose this "fishing" way more.
A post-90s interviewee said, "The core idea of fishing is to rest. As long as it is during working hours, the simpler way of fishing is more popular. For example, chatting in the WeChat group, eating hot-searched melons, and opening WeChat WeChat official account to read two posts. "
However, the post-80s respondents prefer to go to the tea room to make a cup of coffee and watch the scenery for a while, and 11.7% of the respondents chose this "closed fishing" method. Along with "drinking coffee to kill time" is "going to the toilet with pay". Some netizens joked that "going to the toilet with pay for 10 minutes every day will give you 5.5 days more annual leave every year."
Image source: Worry-free future
For people in the workplace, "fishing" is an effective means to fight against high-pressure work. According to the data, 26.2% of the respondents said that they "fished" because of the pressure of work and wanted to relax. An employee of a post-90 s Internet factory said: "996 has become a commonplace, and meetings after work have become a daily routine. So why not fish for a moment? A moment’s rest is to work overtime at night. "
In addition, "low hourly wage" is also a big reason for employees to choose "fishing". Many interviewees think that wages need to be measured with their efforts, and "how much money to do", especially that excessive overtime makes their "hourly wage" further reduced.
The interface workplace found that many reasons for choosing "fishing" after 70 are also because of "low hourly wages". In their view, it is more important to take care of their time. Some interviewees said that when the salary and rank are in a bottleneck period, they are under the pressure of mortgage and family, and they don’t want to risk changing the existing working environment, it is better to touch the fish and do more things they want to do.
Image source: Worry-free future
Although "fishing" has become a common phenomenon in the workplace, when it comes to whether this leisure time will become more abundant in the future, only 13.2% of the respondents think that this relaxation time will increase, while the rest of the respondents think that with the increase of work intensity and fierce market competition, the time for employees to "fish" will become less and less.
The manager personally went off to catch "fishing"
From the enterprise’s point of view, "fishing" is obviously the biggest natural enemy affecting work efficiency. In order to avoid employees being lazy, some enterprise managers have invented various ways to "monitor" employees, and even the management of large factories personally went off to catch "fishing".
In December last year, a screenshot of ByteDance President Zhang Yiming criticizing employees for "fishing" at work spread on social platforms.
Image source: Network screenshot
Zhang Yiming said in the game "Original God" group of Feishu, "I found that some students often talk about games very intently during working hours. Although the company does not prohibit occasional chatting during working hours, I am still very surprised that I have been so active in the game group for several days. "
In view of the company boss’s undercover employees’ behavior of digging out the "fishing incident", some employees in ByteDance replied to Zhang Yiming that chatting at work is an unavoidable problem, and suggested running the group chat record to see the percentage of individual members’ chatting time in working hours, and to assess whether the employees’ business responsibilities are related to the game.
In addition to the end of managers, the use of equipment "monitoring" is a common means used by enterprises. At the beginning of this year, employees of a technology company in Hangzhou broke the news on social platforms and suspected that they were being monitored by their boss with high-tech equipment. This device is an intelligent cushion that can record heartbeat, breathing, sitting posture and other data. If the cushion senses that the user is sitting incorrectly or is too tired, it will also remind the user to exercise.
However, the employee who broke the news found that the personnel department knew exactly when he left the station. I thought it was caring for employees’ welfare, but it became a tool for management to "monitor" employees. "When in the workplace, when to run away, when emotional, the boss there all the data in one hand. And HR can also look at this data. Will it be included in attendance in the future? "
Although the company said that the main function of smart cushions is to detect the health status of users, and the collected data will be kept strictly confidential, the constant monitoring of such high-tech products has caused many people in the workplace to resonate and panic.
Coincidentally, last October, a hot search was conducted on the toilet timer in Aauto Quicker. According to the picture, there is an extra timer on the top of the toilet in Aauto Quicker, which can be accurate to the second, showing how long the user has been squatting in it.
In this regard, Aauto Quicker explained, "Because of the limited location of toilets in the park, the queue of employees to go to the toilet is serious, but due to the structural limitations of the building, it is difficult to increase the construction of toilet pits in the building. This time, a timer was installed in a toilet pit to test the number and time of toilet use every day, which is convenient for judging the number of mobile toilet pits that need to be increased. "
Although there is a more reasonable purpose, as People magazine said, in the eyes of managers, toilets are the enemy of efficiency. Toilets are the most terminal part of the management system of large factories. What this system should do is to occupy employees’ bodies as long as possible, so that employees can create more productivity in unit time.
Faced with the increasingly heavy pressure of workplace work, Feng Lijuan, the chief human resources expert of Worry-Free Future, said, "The fragmentation of working hours will inevitably lead to the fragmentation of employees’ rest time. Managers should realize that the more high-pressure and high-intensity work, the more employees need space to adjust their mentality, and the more they need to give adequate rest time."
Feng Lijuan also reminded employees that when "fishing", they should also take the completion of their work as the primary premise and realize the risk of "fishing" for a long time. "If a person really has a lot of time to’ fish’, it is really necessary to be vigilant. Either there is a problem with the manager or you are likely to be included in the next batch of layoffs."
Reporting/feedback

In the 2028 Los Angeles Olympic Games, squash and flag football will be added.

  China News Service, Los Angeles, October 16 th, 2028 Los Angeles Olympic Games will add five major events: baseball/softball, cricket, stick tennis, squash and flag football. Among them, squash and flag football are included in the Olympic Games for the first time.

  On the 16th, the 141st plenary session of the International Olympic Committee held in Mumbai, India, voted to adopt the proposal of adding the above five sports to the 2028 Los Angeles Olympic Games.

  International Olympic Committee President Bach said that the choice of these five new sports is in line with American sports culture. While bringing international sports to the United States, it also shows the world the iconic sports of the United States. The participation of these sports will make the Los Angeles Olympic Games unique, and will make the Olympic movement related to the new athletes and fans in the United States and even the world.

  Kathy wasserman, Chairman of the Organizing Committee for the 2028 Los Angeles Olympic Games, said that she believed that we would have the opportunity to create the most remarkable Olympic Games for the world in Los Angeles, which would bring great opportunities to enlarge the story of the Olympic Games and attract new audiences.

  Baseball/softball, cricket and stick tennis were all Olympic events, and squash and flag football were included in the Olympic events for the first time.

  Pierre Troche, president of the International American Football League, said that this is an important moment for our sports, and I believe that flag football will bring an exciting new level to the Olympic Games.

  Zina Wooldridge, president of the World Squash Federation, said that she was extremely happy that squash was selected for the 2028 Olympic Games. Squash is a dynamic, diverse and competitive sport, which is very suitable for the Olympic Games. We look forward to being a part of the unparalleled Olympic experience. (End)

Reporting/feedback

Mayor Gong Zheng met with the Ethiopian Mayor Group to promote exchanges and understanding between Shanghai and major cities in Ethiopia.

Gong Zheng, Mayor of Shanghai met today (19th) with a delegation of Ethiopian mayors led by Adani Che Abbebe, mayor of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and member of the Executive Committee of Prosperity Party.

龚正说,当前,我们正贯彻落实习近平主席考察上海重要讲话精神,聚焦建设“五个中心”重要使命,加快建成具有世界影响力的社会主义现代化国际大都市。上海重视与埃塞俄比亚的友好往来,愿在两国领导人的共同指引下,为推动中埃塞关系发展发挥更大作用。希望以共建“一带一路”高质量发展为契机,深化经贸与投资合作,热忱欢迎埃塞俄比亚企业参加明年进博会,我们将继续支持上海企业到埃塞俄比亚投资兴业,希望埃塞方为中国企业提供良好营商环境。我们也愿分享城市治理、城市更新等方面的经验,与亚的斯亚贝巴市等埃塞俄比亚各大城市加强交流互鉴,加强旅游合作,增进相互了解。

阿贝贝说,我们一直赞叹于中国及上海在经济社会发展上取得的巨大成就。两国双边关系不断深化,成为中非合作、南南合作的典范。希望与上海建立更紧密的合作交流关系,学习借鉴上海经验与模式,期待上海支持我们推进能力建设,助力技术创新,发展职业教育,推动经济社会发展,更好造福双方人民。亚的斯亚贝巴市是非洲门户城市,也是旅游胜地,希望通过双方共同努力,把两市关系推向新的高度。

埃塞俄比亚驻华大使塔费拉·德贝·伊马姆参加会见。