Nine tips on Double Ninth Festival: Why is it also called Ascending Festival?

  BEIJING, Beijing, October 4 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) The Double Ninth Festival, a traditional festival with a long history in China, has always been highly regarded.

  Cheng Peng, an assistant researcher at the Institute of Literature, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, believes that climbing high to enjoy autumn and giving thanks to respect for the elderly are two important themes of the Double Ninth Festival. In addition, there are activities such as sunbathing in autumn, flying kites, eating Chongyang cakes and drinking chrysanthemum wine.

  How did the name of Double Ninth Festival come from?

  Double Ninth Festival is also called Ascending Festival, Double Ninth Festival, Chrysanthemum Festival and so on, which means peace, health and longevity.

Data Map: Double Ninth Festival. People came to the Tengwangge tourist area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and climbed high to pray. <a target='_blank' href=https://news.cctv.com/2022/10/04/'/'><p class=

  Data Map: Double Ninth Festival. People came to the Tengwangge tourist area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and climbed high to pray. China News Service reporter Jiang Tao photo

  Regarding the origin of the name of the Double Ninth Festival, Cheng Peng said that in the Book of Changes, the number of "nine" is yang, and the number of "nine nine" is heavy, so it is called "Chongyang"; It is also called "double ninth" because the day and the month all meet nine.

  When can the origin of the festival be traced back?

  According to Cheng Peng, the existing written records about the custom of Double Ninth Festival were first found in Ji Qiu Ji in Lu Chunqiu, which recorded the activities of the ancients in offering sacrifices to the heavenly emperor and ancestors in September.

  According to textual research, the origin of the Double Ninth Festival can be traced back to ancient times, when there were ritual activities of worshipping the gods and ancestors in the season and autumn. In the Han Dynasty, the custom of Chongyang was further popularized.

  Is it related to the ancient ceremony of offering sacrifices to the "fire"?

  It is said that one of the prototypes of the Double Ninth Festival is the ancient ritual of offering sacrifices to the "fire".

  Cheng Peng said that "Fire" (Antares) is the time coordinate used by the ancients to determine the signs of seasonal production and seasonal life. In ancient times, according to the orbit and position of the sun, the moon and the stars, people divided the astrology near the ecliptic into 28 groups, commonly known as "Twenty-eight Hostages".

  In the east, the horn, the horn, the room, the heart, the tail and the dustpan form a complete dragon-shaped astrology (seven nights in black dragon). In the season when the "fire" in the autumn and the autumn retires, people should hold corresponding farewell ceremonies.

Data Map: The picture shows the people expressing their blessings on the Double Ninth Festival according to the Qin ceremony, antique system and traditional Chinese etiquette. <a target='_blank' href=https://news.cctv.com/2022/10/04/'/'><p class=

  Data Map: The picture shows the people expressing their blessings on the Double Ninth Festival according to the Qin ceremony, antique system and traditional Chinese etiquette. China News Service reporter Zhang Tianfu photo

  With the development of society, people have a new understanding of the seasons, and the ceremony of offering sacrifices to Vulcan in September gradually declined.

  How deep is the connotation of the Double Ninth Festival?

  The Double Ninth Festival is a festival with profound connotations. As time goes by, its customs are constantly enriched and developed.

  Cheng Peng explained that the written record of the name "Double Ninth Festival" began in the Three Kingdoms period. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the festive atmosphere became stronger, and there were written records of chrysanthemum appreciation and drinking customs.

  For example, Tao Yuanming said in the preface to the poem "Nine Days of Idleness": "I am idle and love the name of nine. Autumn chrysanthemum is full of gardens, but it is awkward, and it is empty for Jiuhua, and it is cherished by words. "

  In the Tang Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was designated as an official festival. From then on, the court and the people celebrated the Double Ninth Festival together and held various activities during the festival. In the Song Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was more lively. The Dream of China in Tokyo recorded the grand occasion of the Double Ninth Festival in the Northern Song Dynasty.

  How did the ancients celebrate the Double Ninth Festival?

  Chongyang can be regarded as one of the landmarks in the transition of autumn and winter in people’s lives, and festival customs are carried out around people’s feelings at this season.

Data Map: Flying kites in Hanfu Girls' Double Ninth Festival. Liu kegeng photo

  Data Map: Flying kites in Hanfu Girls’ Double Ninth Festival. Liu kegeng photo

  It is an important custom of this traditional festival to climb high and look far. Cheng Peng said that the custom of climbing on Chongyang Mountain mainly stems from the climate characteristics at this time and the ancient people’s worship of mountains. In ancient times, there were customs such as climbing to pray for blessings, worshipping gods and ancestors, and drinking and praying for longevity on the Double Ninth Festival.

  In the Qing Dynasty, it was a custom for Beijing to celebrate the Double Ninth Festival by sticking chrysanthemum branches and leaves on doors and windows, "to remove evil and filth to attract good luck".

  What’s so particular about Chongyang cake?

  Chongyang cake is one of the delicacies at this time. It is also called flower cake, chrysanthemum cake and five-color cake, and the system is arbitrary. Cheng Peng said that the exquisite Chongyang cake should be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, with two lambs on it, so as to conform to the meaning of Chongyang (sheep).

  Sometimes, people will put a little red paper flag (instead of cornus) on the Chongyang cake and light candles. Replace the meaning of "climbing" with "lighting a lamp" and "eating cake".

  Nowadays, there are still no fixed varieties of Chongyang cakes, and the soft cakes eaten in various places on the Double Ninth Festival are called Chongyang cakes.

  What is the meaning of chrysanthemum wine?

  In addition to all kinds of cakes, chrysanthemum wine is also popular with people.

Data map: Children and the elderly make Chongyang cakes together. Photo by Meng Delong

  Data map: Children and the elderly make Chongyang cakes together. Photo by Meng Delong

  Cheng Peng introduced that chrysanthemum wine was regarded as an "auspicious wine" for double ninth festival in ancient times. Chrysanthemum wine is a medicinal liquor, with a slightly bitter taste, which can make people clear their eyes and wake up after drinking, and has auspicious meaning of dispelling disasters and praying for blessings.

  Why wear a cornus?

  Cheng Peng said that among the many customs of the Double Ninth Festival, the custom of inserting Evodia rutaecarpa is relatively widespread, which is mainly popular in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Huaihe River and Yangtze River Basin.

  Evodia rutaecarpa and chrysanthemum morifolium were very common in the Tang Dynasty. It is said that cornus has a strong fragrance, which has the functions of improving eyesight and refreshing brain, and can eliminate food stagnation and treat cold and heat.

  The ancients believed that climbing a mountain and inserting dogwood on the Double Ninth Festival could drive away insects, damp and wind evil. So he put cornus on his arm or ground it in a sachet, and put it in his head. Most of them are worn by women and children, and men in some places also wear them.

  How can traditional festivals be passed down?

  The ancients had the custom of feasting and praying for longevity on the Double Ninth Festival, which pinned people’s wishes for the health and longevity of the elderly, while activities such as climbing mountains and flying paper kites also reflected people’s wishes for health and longevity.

  Cheng Peng said that now the Double Ninth Festival is also a festival for the elderly, which is endowed with the connotation of respecting the elderly. The inheritance of festivals should not only follow the cultural core of ancient customs, but also conform to contemporary values.

  He believes that feasting for the elderly, drinking and praying for longevity, or taking the elderly to climb mountains appropriately, enjoying chrysanthemums, drinking chrysanthemum tea or chrysanthemum wine, eating Chongyang cake, etc. are all important forms of inheriting the custom of Chongyang. (End)

The General Administration of Sport calls: Doing broadcast gymnastics twice a day is good for national fitness.

  BEIJING, July 19 (Xinhua)-"We also call on friends from all walks of life in the country to do broadcast gymnastics twice a day, at 10 am and 3 pm, which is good for national fitness." Qiu Ru, deputy director of the Group Department of the State Sports General Administration, made the above statement on the 19th.

  On 19th, the Office of the Healthy China Action Promotion Committee held a press conference on the national fitness action of "Healthy China Action".

  Qiu Ru said that in 2009, after the State Council promulgated the National Fitness Regulations, it was made clear that August 8th was the National Fitness Day every year, which was also the holding day of the Beijing Olympic Games, and also for the promotion and development of the Olympic legacy in China, so it was stipulated that August 8th was the National Fitness Day. This year is the 11th National Fitness Day. In order to cooperate with this year’s Healthy China Action, the theme of this year’s National Fitness Day is "Healthy China, You and I Walk Together".

  "Eleven fitness days have a theme every year. This year’s theme is mainly to cooperate with the Healthy China Action. The main content is to once again set off a wave of promoting broadcast gymnastics and workouts." Qiu Wei said.

  Qiu Ru introduced that broadcast gymnastics has been compiled into the ninth set, and the first set was compiled in 1951. Broadcast gymnastics has inspired generations of people, "including our parents, who have certain feelings for broadcast gymnastics, so it is of great significance to promote daily fitness, especially for cadres and workers during breaks, as well as primary and secondary school students."

  Qiu Ru pointed out that with the passage of time, the development of the country, the continuous prosperity of the economy and society, and the increasing demand of ordinary people, there are other activities besides radio gymnastics. "For example, there are aerobics and square dance, but the memory of radio gymnastics is indelible. The current ninth set of radio exercises was compiled and promoted by the State Sports General Administration in 2011. "

  Qiu Ru said that in order to cooperate with the Healthy China Campaign, the General Administration of Sport launched a nationwide broadcast gymnastics activity. At the beginning of this year, the General Administration of Sport, together with the Ministry of Education, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions and other departments, issued a notice to carry out broadcast gymnastics nationwide. The General Administration of Sport began to carry out broadcast gymnastics activities nationwide in April. This year, in conjunction with the activities on August 8, a main venue to commemorate the National Fitness Day this year was set up in Xi ‘an on August 3, requiring all provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) to select an excellent team to perform in Xi ‘an on the basis of promoting broadcast gymnastics. "Thirty-one provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) have their own teams to Xi’ an, which is also a main venue for us to cooperate with the Healthy China Action."

  Qiu Ru emphasized that the General Administration of Sports requires all provinces (municipalities and autonomous regions) to have sub-venues, which should be clear. One is to commemorate the National Fitness Day, and the other is to carry out the Healthy China Action. In fact, the General Administration of Sports has also issued a notice to the whole country to carry out the National Fitness Day in 2019, requiring that broadcast gymnastics be carried out around the week from August 3 to August 8, which is the main period for carrying out national fitness activities, trying to improve the people’s fitness awareness through these activities, and also promoting sports culture and fitness culture, so that ordinary people can develop the consciousness and habit of conscious fitness.

  Qiu Ru finally added, "We also call on friends from all walks of life in the country to do broadcast gymnastics twice a day, at 10 am and 3 pm, which is good for national fitness."

Looking at the strategic significance of the Korean War from a historical perspective, we won!

  More than half a century has passed since the Korean War. Looking back on that war seems a little far away for people today. Because of the long time interval, many people who don’t know the truth don’t know much about the significance of that war; Coupled with the agitation of some western hostile forces who are unwilling to China’s rise, the voices of criticism and censure about whether the war is worthwhile have quietly arisen: some people think that it is really not worthwhile for China to fight this war for North Korea, which is a waste of people and money; Some people even think that China is fighting this war for eastern bloc, that he is swollen in the face, and that he has overreached himself. Anyway, everyone thinks that the war was a wrong one, which affected the development of China, and made the relationship between China and the West be like fire and water from now on. Is this really the case? Did the blood of hundreds of thousands of Chinese sons and daughters flow in vain? The answer is no, of course. The Korean War is not only a correct strategic choice, but also of great significance to the re-emergence of the Chinese nation. Let’s illustrate all this with facts.


  1. The Korean War was the first time that China people recovered the dignity and self-confidence of China people from the battlefield after being bullied by western powers repeatedly in modern times.In the more than 100 years after the Opium War, China faced the door-to-door bullying of western powers, and there were few victories to be found in the war. Therefore, in this long history, China people have basically lost their self-confidence and their desire to strengthen the country and enrich the people. Some just blindly seek spiritual comfort in opium. In addition, after the "9.18" incident, the tiny Japanese invaded China on a large scale, occupying nearly half of China’s territory in just a few years, causing millions and tens of millions of China people to be ruined and displaced; The Japanese invasion once again shattered China people’s confidence in their desire to rise: a small Japan can easily annex and occupy most of China, so it seems that China people are really the "sick man of East Asia". Although War of Resistance against Japan and China won, the victory of this war did not depend entirely on our own strength; Thanks to the help of the United States and the Soviet Union. And this kind of help is not free, but at a price. For example, after the Soviet Union sent troops to the northeast of China to defeat the Japanese Kwantung Army, it basically restored the privileges of Russia in the northeast of China. Of course, such a victory cannot restore the self-confidence of China people. Even today, I don’t admit that I lost to China, but to the United States and the Soviet Union. This has also fueled the arrogance of Japanese militarism to some extent, and therefore made the Japanese repeatedly evade and refuse to plead guilty on the issue of war responsibility. Just imagine, if we really beat the Japanese by our own strength, how dare it be so arrogant? I even thought,Is it also related to China’s abandonment of its claim for war reparations against Japan? This is certainly another topic worth discussing.


  It was on the Korean battlefield that communist party led China’s army, with backward equipment, extremely difficult logistical support, passive beatings in the air and no soldiers available at sea, waged a life-and-death struggle for three years with a powerful enemy with the same number, ten times more firepower, mastery of air and sea control, armed to the teeth and atomic bombs, and finally used its own strength to drive the powerful enemy headed by the world’s number one military power past the 38th parallel, forcing them to sit at the negotiating table of the armistice. Therefore, American general Clark had to lament that he was the first general in American history to sign an agreement that was not defeated. At that time, when the western world saw that China was such a backward country, it dared to send troops to compete with the world’s number one military power, and successfully forced the powerful enemy to make an unprecedented compromise. In this regard, the western media exclaimed: China has become a world military power almost overnight! After the Korean War, China people swept away the haze of being bullied by western powers for more than 100 years! China people are full of pride and pride since then! Just imagine, China’s army can defeat all the American troops with atomic bombs. What invincible enemies are there in the world? This also reminds us of a famous saying of the great man Mao Zedong: "Enemy nationalism and its reactionaries are paper tigers"! The correctness of this famous saying lies in: if you have confidence and strength, your opponent is a paper tiger; If you have no confidence and strength, then your opponent will become a real tiger! It can be seen how important self-confidence is to the development and survival of a country and a nation. For example, in the Sino-Japanese Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895,The naval strength of the Qing army was obviously stronger than that of Japan. Why was it defeated? It was used to failure and lost self-confidence. Similarly, in the Korean War, although China’s army was backward in equipment, it was full of confidence. As a result, it defeated the powerful enemy with inferior equipment!


  By the same token, when we are faced with the challenge of Taiwan independence elements today, only when we dare to make a decisive move will Taiwan independence elements obediently submit. The reason why Taiwan independence activists are so rampant is that, first, they have decided that Chinese mainland will wait for the boat and dare not start work; Second, there are the United States and Japan behind them to support and serve. Only Chinese mainland has made it clear that it is better to die than to die. I believe that Taiwan independence activists and the United States and Japan should think twice before you act. What’s more, today’s China is no longer the Amon under Wu. Compared with the United States, China’s comprehensive national strength is far behind, but it is far better than that during the Korean War: in the 1950s, China could not even throw a Grenade on American soil; Today, China’s strategic nuclear forces can also destroy the United States! With such strength, we should have more confidence, and when the Taiwan independence elements step on our red line, they will promptly smash it resolutely and thoroughly!


  Second, it has created a relatively safe peaceful environment for decades, and won valuable strategic space for the development and construction of China.After the Korean War, the United States recognized the fact that Chinese mainland was a great power. Therefore, in the process of pursuing the so-called global strategy, it has to be concerned about China’s interests. For example, in the Vietnam War, American bombers never dared to bomb North Vietnam across the 17-degree north latitude line, and there was nothing else for fear of reflecting China’s reaction. As a result of the lessons of the Korean War, the United States really does not want to fight against China’s army again. In this way, with the great assistance of China, Vietnam drove the Americans out again. The United States suffered defeat in two wars in which China participated, so its fear of China has increased! It is precisely because of the experience of making friends with Americans in North Korea that India was hit hard in the Sino-Indian self-defense counterattack in 1962, ensuring peace on the border. It is also for this reason that in the Treasure Island War in 1969, they dared to fight with the powerful Soviet army with live ammunition and defended the integrity of the country’s territory.


  If China does not participate in the Korean War, let the Americans attack the Yalu River, and reunify the Korean Peninsula according to the will of the Americans, what a terrible scene it will be: a hostile world’s most powerful United States, plus a unified North Korea controlled by the United States, will create much national defense and security pressure on China! China will force the whole country to cope with this situation. When the United States tidies up the Korean Peninsula, it will naturally do the same thing in Vietnam, and then form a heavy siege on the southern border of China. If this is the case, what a terrible security environment the new Republic will face: the US military is eyeing the Yalu River in the northeast, the US military Chiang Kai-shek in the southeast Taiwan Province Strait is swaggering, and the US-Vietnam Coalition soldiers in the south are under siege. Under such circumstances, can China concentrate on construction? Of course not, not only can’t we engage in construction, but it is also a question whether the country can maintain stability under such a great threat and whether the country can survive and develop under multiple pressures. Therefore, China absolutely does not allow this extremely unfavorable situation to appear, so it resolutely sent troops to North Korea, creating a peaceful and developing world for the new Republic! As a result, on the North Korean nuclear issue in recent years, Americans have never dared to be too tough on North Korea. With the hegemony of the Americans, according to common sense, it will never allow North Korea to play nuclear games. Let’s take a look at how the United States has rectified several countries that have encountered nuclear weapons: for Libya, it has repeatedly used force and economic sanctions to force Libya to finally abandon its nuclear weapons; Although the United Nations has verified that there are no nuclear weapons in Iraq,But the United States still started fighting and sent the country’s head of state Saddam Hussein to the gallows; It is still a military deterrent and economic sanctions against Iran, and it has not stopped yet. Why do you show mercy to North Korea alone and bring it to the negotiating table to solve the problem through talks? It’s not that North Korea is interested, nor that Americans are kind, but that there is China behind North Korea, and Americans dare not easily make trouble at China’s doorstep. Because the lessons of the Korean War are still fresh in my mind, it is afraid to start a war at China’s doorstep. Otherwise, it would have blown North Korea upside down. If there is a war on the Korean peninsula, China will not only be unable to stay out of it, but also be doomed to be involved; Since the war broke out, normal economic construction can’t be carried out naturally.


  3. China was the winner and beneficiary of the Korean War.From a war point of view, China and the United States seem to be tied, but from a strategic point of view, China is the winner and the beneficiary. As far as the United States is concerned, the strategic goal that should have been achieved through the Korean War has not been achieved, and it has paid a huge war price; And this war produced a powerful opponent almost as difficult to deal with as the former Soviet Union; Moreover, when the United States wants to take action in the world in the future, when it concerns the interests of this opponent, the United States has to consider the reaction of this opponent, which the United States did not expect. As far as North Korea (including South Korea) is concerned, after paying a huge price for the war, the reunification of the country has not been completed, and a serious military confrontation has formed on the peninsula, and the Korean nation is still under the control of neighboring powers. Although from the actual situation, China paid a huge price for the Korean War and affected the country’s economic construction to a certain extent; But China has gained the greatest strategic benefits. First, it has successfully curbed the expansion of American forces around China and won a relatively safe development environment for the country. In particular, the trip to China has established a deep-rooted influence on the Korean Peninsula since its history, which was deprived by the Japanese after the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895. In particular, a strategic buffer zone has been formed on the Korean peninsula, which has won the initiative in time and space in national security. Second, by taking advantage of the afterglow of the Korean War, it gained the benefits of the war: that is, the Soviet Union saw the rise of China’s power in the Korean War, and soon after the war ended, it would seize various privileges when it sent troops to northeast China to attack the Japanese Kwantung Army in 1945.(such as Dalian Port, Nanman Railway, etc.) returned to China. If it weren’t for China’s fame in the Korean War, I don’t know how long it would take for the Northeast to be returned to China under the control of the Soviet Union. Third, the Korean War made China a participant and maker of the rules of the world game. The Korean War made China’s influence and shock on the world no less than China’s explosion of atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs in the 1960s. It can be said that the Korean War made the world see China on the world political stage as a giant for the first time in more than 100 years, and swept away the haze of China people’s "sick man of East Asia" in the past. If the victory of the Korean War is a sign that the people of China stand up, then the successful explosion of the atomic bomb and the hydrogen bomb is the beginning of China becoming a world power. Therefore, it can be said that the significance of the Korean War is far more profound than that of War of Resistance against Japan. Because, in any case, War of Resistance against Japan achieved it with the help of others, and has not yet made the Japanese surrender; The Korean War made China’s strength and position widely recognized by western powers: China successfully entered the United Nations in 1970s and became one of the defenders and setters of the world order, which was caused by the influence of the Korean War.


  Thus, China’s involvement in the Korean War is absolutely necessary and inevitable. Because there are extensive and comprehensive interests of China on the Korean Peninsula, if we don’t intervene, these interests will naturally be taken away by others. Then the argument that China’s invasion of North Korea is unnecessary is not worth refuting at all. It’s like someone once said that China’s research and development of nuclear weapons in the 1960s was a waste of people and money and a complete waste. China was so poor and its economy was so difficult. Why not use the limited funds to develop its economy? It is also not worth refuting. As Comrade Deng Xiaoping said, if China does not have nuclear weapons, is China still a big country with important influence? If China has no strategic nuclear weapons, will the western powers let you develop your economy with peace of mind? In an interview with a reporter recently, the Israeli ambassador put it well: all the miracles in China were laid in the Mao Zedong era. Actually, as the ambassador said, the external environment for China’s development today would never have been so smooth without the great strategic initiatives of the Mao Zedong era, such as the Korean War, the development of nuclear weapons and the launch of artificial satellites. Therefore, when we look at this war from a historical perspective, we really realize that its strategic value still plays an irreplaceable role in the process of China’s development and strength. (Xinhuanet Military Blog/Nanhai Tanlang Blog)

Editor: Cao Jin