Nine tips on Double Ninth Festival: Why is it also called Ascending Festival?

  BEIJING, Beijing, October 4 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) The Double Ninth Festival, a traditional festival with a long history in China, has always been highly regarded.

  Cheng Peng, an assistant researcher at the Institute of Literature, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, believes that climbing high to enjoy autumn and giving thanks to respect for the elderly are two important themes of the Double Ninth Festival. In addition, there are activities such as sunbathing in autumn, flying kites, eating Chongyang cakes and drinking chrysanthemum wine.

  How did the name of Double Ninth Festival come from?

  Double Ninth Festival is also called Ascending Festival, Double Ninth Festival, Chrysanthemum Festival and so on, which means peace, health and longevity.

Data Map: Double Ninth Festival. People came to the Tengwangge tourist area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and climbed high to pray. <a target='_blank' href=https://news.cctv.com/2022/10/04/'/'><p class=

  Data Map: Double Ninth Festival. People came to the Tengwangge tourist area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and climbed high to pray. China News Service reporter Jiang Tao photo

  Regarding the origin of the name of the Double Ninth Festival, Cheng Peng said that in the Book of Changes, the number of "nine" is yang, and the number of "nine nine" is heavy, so it is called "Chongyang"; It is also called "double ninth" because the day and the month all meet nine.

  When can the origin of the festival be traced back?

  According to Cheng Peng, the existing written records about the custom of Double Ninth Festival were first found in Ji Qiu Ji in Lu Chunqiu, which recorded the activities of the ancients in offering sacrifices to the heavenly emperor and ancestors in September.

  According to textual research, the origin of the Double Ninth Festival can be traced back to ancient times, when there were ritual activities of worshipping the gods and ancestors in the season and autumn. In the Han Dynasty, the custom of Chongyang was further popularized.

  Is it related to the ancient ceremony of offering sacrifices to the "fire"?

  It is said that one of the prototypes of the Double Ninth Festival is the ancient ritual of offering sacrifices to the "fire".

  Cheng Peng said that "Fire" (Antares) is the time coordinate used by the ancients to determine the signs of seasonal production and seasonal life. In ancient times, according to the orbit and position of the sun, the moon and the stars, people divided the astrology near the ecliptic into 28 groups, commonly known as "Twenty-eight Hostages".

  In the east, the horn, the horn, the room, the heart, the tail and the dustpan form a complete dragon-shaped astrology (seven nights in black dragon). In the season when the "fire" in the autumn and the autumn retires, people should hold corresponding farewell ceremonies.

Data Map: The picture shows the people expressing their blessings on the Double Ninth Festival according to the Qin ceremony, antique system and traditional Chinese etiquette. <a target='_blank' href=https://news.cctv.com/2022/10/04/'/'><p class=

  Data Map: The picture shows the people expressing their blessings on the Double Ninth Festival according to the Qin ceremony, antique system and traditional Chinese etiquette. China News Service reporter Zhang Tianfu photo

  With the development of society, people have a new understanding of the seasons, and the ceremony of offering sacrifices to Vulcan in September gradually declined.

  How deep is the connotation of the Double Ninth Festival?

  The Double Ninth Festival is a festival with profound connotations. As time goes by, its customs are constantly enriched and developed.

  Cheng Peng explained that the written record of the name "Double Ninth Festival" began in the Three Kingdoms period. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the festive atmosphere became stronger, and there were written records of chrysanthemum appreciation and drinking customs.

  For example, Tao Yuanming said in the preface to the poem "Nine Days of Idleness": "I am idle and love the name of nine. Autumn chrysanthemum is full of gardens, but it is awkward, and it is empty for Jiuhua, and it is cherished by words. "

  In the Tang Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was designated as an official festival. From then on, the court and the people celebrated the Double Ninth Festival together and held various activities during the festival. In the Song Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was more lively. The Dream of China in Tokyo recorded the grand occasion of the Double Ninth Festival in the Northern Song Dynasty.

  How did the ancients celebrate the Double Ninth Festival?

  Chongyang can be regarded as one of the landmarks in the transition of autumn and winter in people’s lives, and festival customs are carried out around people’s feelings at this season.

Data Map: Flying kites in Hanfu Girls' Double Ninth Festival. Liu kegeng photo

  Data Map: Flying kites in Hanfu Girls’ Double Ninth Festival. Liu kegeng photo

  It is an important custom of this traditional festival to climb high and look far. Cheng Peng said that the custom of climbing on Chongyang Mountain mainly stems from the climate characteristics at this time and the ancient people’s worship of mountains. In ancient times, there were customs such as climbing to pray for blessings, worshipping gods and ancestors, and drinking and praying for longevity on the Double Ninth Festival.

  In the Qing Dynasty, it was a custom for Beijing to celebrate the Double Ninth Festival by sticking chrysanthemum branches and leaves on doors and windows, "to remove evil and filth to attract good luck".

  What’s so particular about Chongyang cake?

  Chongyang cake is one of the delicacies at this time. It is also called flower cake, chrysanthemum cake and five-color cake, and the system is arbitrary. Cheng Peng said that the exquisite Chongyang cake should be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, with two lambs on it, so as to conform to the meaning of Chongyang (sheep).

  Sometimes, people will put a little red paper flag (instead of cornus) on the Chongyang cake and light candles. Replace the meaning of "climbing" with "lighting a lamp" and "eating cake".

  Nowadays, there are still no fixed varieties of Chongyang cakes, and the soft cakes eaten in various places on the Double Ninth Festival are called Chongyang cakes.

  What is the meaning of chrysanthemum wine?

  In addition to all kinds of cakes, chrysanthemum wine is also popular with people.

Data map: Children and the elderly make Chongyang cakes together. Photo by Meng Delong

  Data map: Children and the elderly make Chongyang cakes together. Photo by Meng Delong

  Cheng Peng introduced that chrysanthemum wine was regarded as an "auspicious wine" for double ninth festival in ancient times. Chrysanthemum wine is a medicinal liquor, with a slightly bitter taste, which can make people clear their eyes and wake up after drinking, and has auspicious meaning of dispelling disasters and praying for blessings.

  Why wear a cornus?

  Cheng Peng said that among the many customs of the Double Ninth Festival, the custom of inserting Evodia rutaecarpa is relatively widespread, which is mainly popular in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Huaihe River and Yangtze River Basin.

  Evodia rutaecarpa and chrysanthemum morifolium were very common in the Tang Dynasty. It is said that cornus has a strong fragrance, which has the functions of improving eyesight and refreshing brain, and can eliminate food stagnation and treat cold and heat.

  The ancients believed that climbing a mountain and inserting dogwood on the Double Ninth Festival could drive away insects, damp and wind evil. So he put cornus on his arm or ground it in a sachet, and put it in his head. Most of them are worn by women and children, and men in some places also wear them.

  How can traditional festivals be passed down?

  The ancients had the custom of feasting and praying for longevity on the Double Ninth Festival, which pinned people’s wishes for the health and longevity of the elderly, while activities such as climbing mountains and flying paper kites also reflected people’s wishes for health and longevity.

  Cheng Peng said that now the Double Ninth Festival is also a festival for the elderly, which is endowed with the connotation of respecting the elderly. The inheritance of festivals should not only follow the cultural core of ancient customs, but also conform to contemporary values.

  He believes that feasting for the elderly, drinking and praying for longevity, or taking the elderly to climb mountains appropriately, enjoying chrysanthemums, drinking chrysanthemum tea or chrysanthemum wine, eating Chongyang cake, etc. are all important forms of inheriting the custom of Chongyang. (End)

What are the traditional customs of Lantern Festival? What is the meaning of Lantern Festival? What are the implications?

In the first month, the first month is the first month, and the fifteenth day of the first month is full of lanterns. Lantern Festival is the night of the first full moon in the New Year. It is a day when lanterns are the custom and dragons and lions are danced. It is also one of the most important folk festivals. On what date is the holiday on the fifteenth day of the first month of this year?

What are the traditional customs of Lantern Festival?

  Step 1 eat yuanxiao

  Eating Yuanxiao on the fifteenth day of the first month is a long-standing custom in China. Yuanxiao is called "Tangyuan", and its ingredients and flavors are different, but eating Yuanxiao represents the same meaning: it represents reunion and beauty, and the days are getting more and more prosperous. As the saying goes, "Harmony makes money" shows how important family harmony and family reunion are to a complete family. Therefore, we must eat "Yuanxiao" with our families on the Lantern Festival. What’s the difference between Yuanxiao and Tangyuan?

  2. Decorate with lanterns

  Since the Lantern Festival custom was formed, it has been a great event for thousands of years to watch the lanterns with 15 lanterns in the first month. On this night, countless people played and watched the lights. Everyone stayed up all night, having fun and being very lively.

  3. solve riddles on the lanterns

  "solve riddles on the lanterns", also known as "playing riddles", is a Lantern Festival activity added after the Southern Song Dynasty. Lantern riddles first developed from riddles, which hung from lamps for people to guess and shoot, and began in the Southern Song Dynasty. Because riddles are enlightening and interesting, they are welcomed by all walks of life.

  Step 4 play dragon lantern

  Playing dragon lantern, also known as dragon lantern or dragon dance. Its origin can be traced back to ancient times. Legend has it that as early as the Yellow Emperor, in a large-scale song and dance called "Qingjiao", there was an image of a leading bird played by a man, and then a dance scene with six dragons interspersed with each other was arranged.

  Step 5 walk on stilts

  Walking on stilts is a popular folk mass performance. Stilts originally belong to one of the hundreds of ancient dramas in China, which appeared as early as the Spring and Autumn Period.

  6. lion dance

  "Lion Dance", also known as "Lion Dance" and "Peace Music", is usually performed by three people: one acts as the lion’s head, the other acts as the lion’s body and hind feet, and the other acts as the lion leader. There are also civil and military dances. The literary dance shows the gentleness of the lion, and there are actions such as shaking hair and rolling. Martial lion shows the fierceness of the lion, including prancing, pushing high and rolling colored balls.

  7. walking away from all diseases

  Walking away from all diseases is a custom in the north since the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It is also called walking away from all diseases, dispersing all diseases, baking all diseases, walking on bridges, etc. It is an activity to eliminate disasters and pray for health. On the night of Lantern Festival, women meet and travel together, and when they see a bridge, they must cross it, thinking that this can cure diseases and prolong life.

  8. Rat by rat

  This activity is mainly for sericulture families. Because rats often eat silkworms in large areas at night. It is said that on the fifteenth day of the first month, the mouse can be fed rice porridge, so it can stop eating silkworms. As a result, these people cooked a large pot of sticky porridge on the fifteenth day of the first month, and some of them covered it with a layer of meat. They put the porridge in a bowl and put it in the ceiling, corner and mouth where mice were infested, cursing the mice that they would not die a natural death if they ate silkworm babies again.

  9. Sacrifice doors and households

  In ancient times, there were "seven sacrifices", which were two of them. The method of sacrifice is to insert poplar branches above the door, insert a pair of chopsticks in a bowl filled with bean porridge, or put wine and meat directly in front of the door.

What does Lantern Festival mean?

  Lantern Festival is a folk activity in China, which originated in the Han Dynasty. The first month is the first month of the lunar calendar. The ancients called the night "Xiao", so they called the fifteenth day of the first month the Lantern Festival. The 15th day of the first month is the night of the first full moon in a year, and it is also the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty. On the night in spring returns, people celebrate this and celebrate the continuation of the Spring Festival. Lantern Festival is also called "Shangyuan Festival". The origin of the Lantern Festival

  Lantern Festival in a broad sense refers to various activities to celebrate the Lantern Festival.

What’s the sign of Lantern Festival?

  In fact, the meaning of Lantern Festival is similar to that of Chinese New Year, so let’s have a lively reunion! Only after the Lantern Festival, the students have to go back to class, so the Lantern Festival is probably the last time for the student party to play in the winter vacation. Now, many people also feel that the taste of festivals is getting weaker and weaker, but Xiao Bian feels that as long as the family is reunited, every day is a festival.

Editor in charge: Ke Jinding

Lightweight travel Canon 40mm biscuit lens line photo Beijing in spring.

Why do many photographers choose micro-cameras now? It is because the weight and volume of SLR cameras are large, which affects the use experience, but many people love the mechanical feeling when using SLR cameras. Thus, Canon mini SLR EOS 200D and Canon EF 40mm f/2.8 STM lens were born. This mini suit combination completely solves the disadvantages of size and weight, and retains all the use feelings of SLR, which is very rare for users, especially female users.
Canon mini SLR EOS 200D and Canon EF 40mm f/2.8 STM lens combination
How small is the Canon 40mm cookie lens?
Today we are going to introduce the protagonist of Canon EF 40mm f/2.8 STM lens (hereinafter referred to as 40mm biscuit lens). Since it is called a 40mm biscuit lens, it means that this lens is very light. This is also the lens with the smallest weight and volume among all EF lens groups in Canon, and it is even lighter than most micro-single lenses.
40mmThe biscuit lens is not even as thick as a 30ml perfume bottle.
In order to explain how small the 40mm biscuit lens is, we specially chose a 30ml perfume bottle to compare with it. As you can see from the above picture, the lens is not even as thick as the perfume bottle. Although the lens is thin and light, it doesn’t cut corners at all. Its appearance and workmanship are very exquisite, and it is also equipped with a large aperture design of F2.8, which can create a perfect blur effect and add a lot of color to the picture.
Focal length: 40mm aperture: F2.8ISO:100 exposure time: 1/400Exposure compensation: 0EV white balance: automatic
Focal length: 40mm aperture: F2.8ISO:200 exposure time: 1/1250Exposure compensation: 0EV white balance: automatic
It’s spring in Beijing, and it’s very pleasant to walk in the streets. Under the aperture of F2.8, close-up of a few green leaves full of spring can just set off the atmosphere of spring. From the picture, we can see that the in-focus picture of the 40mm biscuit lens is very sharp, and the lines of the leaves and the thorns on the edges are clearly presented; The outside of the coke spreads like cream, which is very beautiful. It’s hard to imagine that this photo was taken by this mini combination camera.
Visiting Beijing Hutong with 40mm biscuits
Since it is spring, when everything is revived, this time is the best time to visit Beijing’s hutongs. Although Beijing is an international metropolis, its modernization and development speed are extremely amazing, but Beijing still retains the Millennium-old traditional hutong culture. Authentic hutongs can always see many interesting things, even if the city develops faster, these cultures will not be erased.
Canon 40mm biscuit is a large aperture fixed focus lens.
Focal length: 40mm aperture: F2.8ISO:200 exposure time: 1/200Exposure compensation: 0EV white balance: automatic
Walking in the hutong, I saw a shop on the street selling rabbit. The rabbit can be said to be a very authentic image of Beijing. Many foreign tourists and foreign tourists always bring one or two to Beijing as gifts. Now that we have met, we can just take pictures with Canon’s 40mm biscuit lens. Although this lens is thin and light, it is a fixed focus after all, and its picture quality is solid and excellent. Even if you shoot through the glass, you can clearly see all the details of the rabbit, and the color reduction is also in place.
Focal length: 40mm aperture: F2.8ISO:200 exposure time: 1/125Exposure compensation: 0EV white balance: automatic
Hutong culture is not only architecture, but also residents’ attitudes and habits. For Beijingers, the family likes to celebrate all the year round, so many residents like to buy some happy dolls to put at home. Taking pictures in the shop, the light is very complicated, but it does not affect the focusing speed and accuracy of Canon 40mm lens at all.
Focal length: 40mm aperture: F2.8ISO:125 exposure time: 1/60Exposure compensation: 0EV white balance: automatic
Bird-walking can be seen in many movies, TV series or documentaries shot in Beijing, which is also an important hutong culture. I happened to see a local resident walking a bird on the street, so I took a close-up photo of a bird with a Canon 40mm biscuit lens. To tell the truth, the sharpness of the lens is excellent, the details of the bird’s feathers, eyes, mouth and so on are very clear, and the cage and background can be perfectly blurred, making the whole photo look very emotional.
Large aperture fixed focus lens is very suitable for close-up scenery.
Since Canon’s 40mm cookie lens is a fixed-focus lens with a large aperture, fixing the focal length means that the framing is fixed, which can give users more creative space. 40mm is connected to a 200D SLR, and with the conversion factor, the actual focal length is 64 mm. This focal length reaches the category of medium telephoto, so it is more suitable for close-up shooting. With the large aperture of F2.8, the close-up picture can be more beautiful.
Canon 40mm biscuit lens is more suitable for close-up shooting.
Automatic/manual focusing lever of lens
Many photographers like manual focusing, not that autofocus is not accurate, but that they like the feeling of manual focusing. In some circumstances, the author will also choose to use manual focus when shooting close-ups, so that the focus can be smoothly switched at will. The only operating lever on Canon’s 40mm biscuit lens is used to switch auto/manual focus.
Focal length: 40mm aperture: F2.8ISO:200 exposure time: 1/250Exposure compensation: 0EV white balance: automatic
Focal length: 40mm aperture: F2.8ISO:200 exposure time: 1/800Exposure compensation: 0EV white balance: automatic
Close-up, generally for the comprehensive requirements of the lens. First of all, the focus of the lens should be solid and rapid, otherwise the focus of the close-up picture will be offset or it will be difficult to focus; Then there is the sharpness of the lens, otherwise the details will be lost; Then the blur effect and color reproduction of the lens should be accurate, otherwise the picture will be terrible. Fortunately, the comprehensive quality of Canon’s 40mm biscuit lens is very high, so it performs well in both close-up and imaging.
In the range of 1000-yuan lenses, there are actually few types of lenses that can be selected, most of which are domestic manual lenses, but there is really nothing to evaluate in terms of use experience. But now, within the scope of 1000 yuan, you can also buy EF 40mm f/2.8 STM in Canon EF lens series. The lens not only has high comprehensive quality and large aperture, but also has very small weight and volume. If you are a beginner in photography and want to improve your photography level, then you are destined to buy a Canon EF 40mm f/2.8 STM lens.
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On June 1 ST, let’s talk about those "dangerous things" about children

Every parent attaches great importance to the healthy growth of children. They will be very careful in eating, wearing and using. Today is Children’s Day, so let’s talk about the "dangerous things" about children.

Toy articles

Children can’t grow up without toys, such as dolls, building blocks and water guns, but not all toys are safe and reliable. Recently, China Consumers Association invited experts from the Secretariat of the National Toy Standardization Committee to analyze and sort out the injuries caused by common dangerous toys, and listed the magnetic beads that have been selling well around online e-commerce and schools and kindergartens in recent years (if children swallow two or more, they will attract each other in the digestive system and exert pressure on the intestinal wall). Among them, the most common dangerous toy injuries are mechanical physical injuries, chemical injuries and injuries caused by playing non-toy products by mistake.

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1. Small toy parts are easy to fall off and there is danger of swallowing and suffocation.

Small ornaments and accessories, such as buttons and marbles, which are easy to fall off in some unqualified toys, are easy to be swallowed by young children or stuffed into their nostrils, resulting in the risk of swallowing foreign bodies and suffocation.

For example, toys with marbles that are easy to fall off, magnetic beads, etc. Children who swallow two or more powerful magnets or strong magnets and other ferromagnetic objects (iron, cobalt and nickel) will be absorbed by another magnet (or ferromagnetic object) in the digestive system and exert pressure on the intestinal wall, which may cause gastrointestinal perforation or intestinal obstruction, and may be life-threatening in severe cases. In many cases, these magnetic components need to be removed by surgery, which will cause permanent damage to children’s digestive tract.

2, toys are dangerous, sharp edges are dangerous to puncture.

Some inferior toys have sharp edges, sharp points, rough burrs and other protrusions on the surface, or the toy structure is fragile, forming sharp small parts, which are very easy to stab children.

For example, some products of fingertip gyroscopes have sharp edges and sharp tips that can be touched, which may cause injuries such as scratches and pricks. Bouncing frog toys are made of thin iron sheets and contain dangerous sharp edges.

3. There is a danger of chemical pollution when toys are made of inferior materials.

Common ones are plush toys filled with unsterilized waste materials, colorful colored mud, dolls made of inferior plastics, etc. Their sanitary conditions and the migration of chemical harmful substances all pose potential dangers to children’s health.

For example, the "crystal mud" sold well in small shops around the school, some of which contain more than a certain amount of borax, may enter the human body through children’s oral and skin contact, and chronic poisoning may occur.

4. Non-toy products are mistakenly used as toys, resulting in injuries.

Children are naturally active and will use some items in daily life as toys. This kind of improper use hides great danger. For example, children’s misuse of the "laser pointer" leads to vision loss, and another typical misuse case is water sprite, also known as sea baby, bubble bead and water-absorbing bullet. This material is used for water conservation in potted plants, indoor decoration and so on. It may be mistaken for food by children, leading to swallowing or inhalation by children, suffocation, intestinal obstruction, intestinal dilatation, secondary infection, water and electrolyte disorder, and even intestinal perforation and necrosis, which may be life-threatening at any time.

5. Don’t buy and use toys according to their age.

Children of different ages have great differences in physical development and cognitive ability. Therefore, it may pose a threat to children’s safety to choose suitable products according to their age and violate the applicable age limit.

Game article

It is children’s nature to love to play. Parents playing games with their children can promote parent-child relationship, but some games have hidden risks and even threaten children’s lives. Recently, Ding Zongyi, an expert on children’s accidents and honorary president of Bayi Children’s Hospital affiliated to Army General Hospital, reminded that it is best not to play the following games with children.

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Throwing connection

Some parents like to throw their children into the air and catch them, which makes them happy. Ding Zongyi said that infants’ limbs and organs are immature, and this kind of game can easily cause harm to children. After the child is thrown up, it falls quickly and receives a great impact. The undeveloped brain tissue and the hard skull touch each other, which is likely to cause subarachnoid hemorrhage. This kind of brain damage is often not discovered by parents, and it will have a negative impact on the child’s intellectual development in the future.

"Swing" and "Pulling Radish"

Some parents will play "swinging" and "pulling radish" by holding their children’s hands or necks, thinking that it can promote their growth. Ding Zongyi said that growing up is the result of the division and proliferation of bone cells, and these two games only mechanically pull muscles and joints, so the height will not change. When the child’s head is pulled upward, the cervical vertebra may be pulled and even paraplegia may be caused; Playing "swinging" may cause dislocation or fracture of joints.

forward roll

This is a bed game that many children like to play before going to bed. Parents often think that mattresses are soft and will not hurt their children. However, in Ding Zongyi’s view, only through special training can this movement accurately grasp the technical points. Children of several years old do not have strong control over posture, and their limbs curl up and their center of gravity changes constantly during the rollover. Once they make mistakes, their cervical vertebrae and limbs are easily injured.

Riding on the neck

We can often see some fathers riding their children around their necks to see the scenery in the streets or parks. Ding Zongyi believes that it is worth encouraging parents to accompany their children to travel, but they should pay attention to the way of accompanying them. Children riding on their parents’ necks have a high position, unstable center of gravity, and are easily attracted by distant scenery, and may be distracted, unstable and fall. Therefore, in crowded places, parents should hold their children’s hands or hold them up instead of riding their necks.

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Some parents like to play head-to-head games with their children. According to the analysis of Dante Zongyi, the fontanel of the child has not been completely closed. In the process of pushing the head, the external force is applied to the head, and the intracranial pressure increases, which will affect the brain development to a certain extent. In the game, it is not easy for parents to master the strength and direction of force, which is likely to cause injuries such as cervical spine damage and retinal detachment.

Eating articles

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Two or three-year-old children, even if they don’t stumble when they are just toddlers, always fall in all kinds of fancy ways, which makes their parents doubt life in minutes.

If you are in a hurry and suddenly run, you will definitely fall. However, if you are eating when you run, and you still have sharp or fragile things in your hands, or chopsticks and spoons in your mouth, it is really too dangerous.

For example, a 3-year-old boy in Wuhan fell with a bowl while eating, and his stomach was cut open by fragments of a porcelain bowl, and his small intestine was nearly 60 cm long outside the abdominal cavity.

For example, a 2-year-old boy is running around the living room with chopsticks, and his grandmother is chasing him to feed. Hearing grandma say "grandma is going to catch up", he hurried to speed up the pace, and as a result, he fell face down to the ground, and chopsticks were inserted into his mouth alive. Chopsticks are inserted into the body for about 12cm, and the surrounding tissues are squeezed, resulting in the displacement of occipital artery, and the chopsticks are very close to carotid sheath, only 2mm, but the chopsticks do not directly stab the carotid artery.

Accidents like this are too numerous to mention. Therefore, parents must take good care of their children.

1. Set good rules when eating, and don’t run around casually.

2. Don’t give children chopsticks, spoons, forks and other tableware and knives as toys, especially when children are walking and playing, remember not to hold sharp objects.

3. When choosing tableware, try not to use porcelain bowls, glass bowls, stainless steel bowls and other fragile and scalding tableware for children to eat. It is best to choose plastic bowls and chopsticks with suction cups at the bottom, and suck them on the table without moving them to prevent cuts and burns.

4. Children under 5 years old have poor dental development and chewing ability. Try not to put nuts (peanuts, melon seeds, cashews) and other foods at home. Or children must be careful not to chase, laugh and play when eating, and not to play with food or toys in their mouths.

5. In the event of an accident of foreign body insertion, parents must be calm, do not pull out the foreign body without authorization, keep the foreign body inactive to prevent secondary injury, and then go to the hospital as soon as possible.

You can do this if you encounter an accident.

Being active is a child’s nature. In life, accidents such as bumps, scratches, sprains and animal bites may occur. Especially in summer, the clothes on the body are reduced, and a large area of skin is exposed outside, and the chance of injury will increase. How to deal with such an unexpected situation and what should you pay attention to? It is necessary to master some first aid methods.

Do not use alcohol and mercurochrome for scratches and cuts.

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Scratches on the left and cuts on the right.

Children like to jump and run around, and it is easy to scratch or cut. When this happens, don’t use alcohol, mercurochrome or purple syrup to treat the wound.

Although alcohol has strong bactericidal ability, it also has strong irritation. For the damaged tissue, it is not appropriate to disinfect it directly with alcohol, but only for the skin around the wound. And mercurochrome is not recommended, because mercurochrome is 2% mercury bromide red water solution, and people who are allergic to mercury may also cause contact dermatitis due to the use of mercurochrome. In addition, the color of the wound treated with red syrup and purple syrup often covers up the injury. If you go to see a doctor, the doctor will deal with it first, which will cause secondary pain to the child.

So what is the correct way to deal with it? When you encounter a scratch, you should first wash the wound with flowing water to wash out the foreign body in the wound. Then disinfect with iodophor, and then wrap it with medical gauze. If it is in summer, you don’t need to wrap it in gauze.

If the wound is deep and accompanied by bleeding, hemostasis measures should be taken and the bandage should be tight. See a doctor immediately afterwards.

Don’t scribble toothpaste and sesame oil on burns.

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Three grades of burns and scalds

Burns are divided into three grades, and it is more helpful to recognize the grades of burns for first aid. First degree scald, obvious pain, no edema and red skin. Second degree scald, blister formation, local wetness and pain. Third degree scald, local dryness, brown skin and no pain.

When the child accidentally burns, he should quickly avoid the heat source, and then rinse the burned area with cold water for about 15 minutes. If the scald area is relatively large and the pain is obvious, it can be soaked in water for 15-30 minutes. If it is a facial burn, you can use water of about 20℃ for cold compress.

Secondly, after flushing, cut the clothes on the injured part to avoid making the injured part worse. Then gently cover the injured area with clean gauze. In addition, the range that everyone can cover with one hand is 1% of the whole body. If the burn area is within 1% of the first degree burn, it can be treated with scald medicine and observed at home. If the burn area exceeds 1%, no matter how many burns, it needs to be sent to the nearest hospital. Don’t deal with scalded blisters by yourself.

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Five tips for dealing with burns: washing, taking off, soaking, covering and sending.

Special reminder is, don’t smear toothpaste, soy sauce, vegetable oil and other folk prescription items in everyone’s mouth. Applying these things will only aggravate the condition. In addition, ice water and ice compress are absolutely not allowed.

Don’t touch the injured part when spraining.

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If the child is accidentally sprained, the injured part should be laid flat first, and it should not be stressed. When the pain is relieved, let the child gently twist the injured part. If you move, it means soft tissue injury. If you can’t move, consider it a fracture. At this time, it is necessary to use a small board or a thicker book to fix the injured part.

If the fracture site bleeds, it needs to stop bleeding. Tighten the upper part of the wound blood vessel with gauze, and take the child to see a doctor immediately after simple treatment.

Don’t miss the 24-hour golden vaccination period for pet bites.

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Children naturally like cats and dogs. Although pets are docile now, they should not be careless. If a child is bitten by a pet, in addition to local soft tissue and muscle damage, it is even more frightening to be afraid of rabies.

If you are bitten by a pet and bleed, first of all, don’t stop bleeding. Rinse with tap water to wash away some bacteria and pathogens left in the wound as much as possible. Then the sooner you get rabies vaccine, the better. Don’t miss the 24-hour golden vaccination period.

If it is licked by a pet, observe the licked skin and see if there is any wound. If there is, you need to get rabies vaccine at the first time. In addition, the process of rabies vaccine injection is divided into five needles, which are the first day, the third day, the seventh day, the fourteenth day and the thirtieth day, a total of five times. After five shots of vaccine, you can effectively protect your body.

Don’t let the child look up with a nosebleed.

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Correct treatment of nosebleeds: lean forward and twist your nose.

For children with nosebleeds, don’t let them look up or raise their arms on the opposite side. The correct way should be to lean forward and twist your nose for 3-5 minutes to see if it stops. If it doesn’t stop, knead it in the same position for another 3-5 minutes.

If nosebleeds repeatedly, you should go to a doctor to see if it is caused by vascular malformation or other diseases.

Don’t beat your chest if you swallow a foreign body.

Foreign bodies in trachea are more likely to occur in young children. Because the epiglottic cartilage of children’s trachea and food is immature and its function is not perfect. Plus, children are curious about everything, and it is easy to put small things in their mouths.

When a child accidentally eats a foreign body, the airway is obstructed. Parents should sit down and let the child lie prone on their parents’ legs, with the upper chest and head hanging down. Parents should fix the child with one hand and pat the back between the two shoulder blades with the other hand to cough up foreign bodies in the airway.

If you are a big child, you can also use standing posture. Hold the child’s abdomen from behind, encircle his waist and abdomen with his arms, make a fist with one hand, and press the heart of the fist inward between the victim’s navel and ribs; Press the other hand on the fist, and squeeze both hands inward and upward rapidly and forcefully, repeatedly until the obstruction is spit out.

Source: Beijing Morning Post, China Women’s Daily, The Paper, Chutian Metropolis Daily WeChat WeChat official account.

[Disclaimer] The texts, pictures, audio and video that are not marked with "Source: Upstream News-chongqing morning post" or "Upstream News LOGO" on the upstream news client are all reposted. If the reposted manuscript involves copyright issues, please contact the upstream news.

Cold air! Smog! Typhoon! Snowfall! What’s the weather like there?

  CCTV News:Today, the north will welcome a cold air, and the wind will cool down in most areas; There are moderate haze in Beijing, Liaoning and Shandong, and severe haze in some areas, and the air quality will be improved this weekend; There is still heavy rainfall in Hainan, and typhoon Sally Jia is approaching step by step.

  △ Screenshot of the website of the Central Meteorological Observatory

  Strong cold air hits the north and the local temperature drops by 12℃

  

  Starting today, a medium-intensity cold air will affect most parts of northern China from west to east, bringing strong winds and cooling weather. Among them, northern and eastern Xinjiang, most of northwest China, most of Inner Mongolia, northern North China and northeast China will have a temperature drop of 4 ~ 8 degrees successively, and the local temperature drop in northern Xinjiang can reach 10 ~ 12 degrees.

  On 16th-17th, this cold air will arrive in Northeast China, when the highest and lowest temperatures in Northeast China will drop to the level close to the same period of the year.

  Reminder: When the temperature drops, you should put on more clothes, not just manners but temperature!

  In many places in Xinjiang, the temperature in Urumqi fell below freezing point.

  Xinjiang is the key area affected by this cold air, with strong winds, cooling, rain, snow and dust almost all coming into battle. For Xinjiang, this will be the strongest cold air in the second half of this year. From the night of 14th to the early morning of 15th, the minimum temperature in Urumqi, the capital city, will drop to about 0℃, which is the lowest temperature since the second half of this year, and the first frost appears in some areas.

  

  Affected by it, it is expected that most areas in northern Xinjiang will experience the process of rain to sleet or pure snow today and tomorrow, especially along the northern side of Tianshan Mountain, where there will be moderate to heavy snow. There may be sleet in Urumqi today, which will be the largest first snow in northern Xinjiang since the second half of this year.

  Reminder: The process of rain and snow will cause some roads to freeze, reduce visibility and make the roads slippery, so you need to slow down when driving.

  The local visibility of Beijing’s heavily polluted days is less than 500 meters.

  Before the arrival of cold air, the haze weather in North China, Huanghuai and other places will continue. Today, there are moderate haze in Beijing, northern Tianjin, eastern Liaoning and southern Shandong, and severe haze in some areas. From tomorrow, due to the influence of cold air and rainfall, the haze weather in the above areas will gradually weaken and dissipate.

  

  △ On October 14th, Beijing issued a yellow warning with local visibility less than 500 meters. (Photo from vision china)

  This morning, the relevant departments in Beijing issued a yellow warning of haze, a blue warning of heavy air pollution and a yellow warning of heavy fog. The visibility in Beijing is about 1 km, and the local area is less than 500 meters. The relative humidity of the air is close to saturation. Remind the public to do a good job of health protection such as wearing masks when going out, and reduce outdoor sports.

  Tomorrow, there will be light rain in Beijing, which can remove pollutants to a certain extent, but the effect is limited. After the rain, it will cool down, but there is no obvious "north wind". On the 16th day after tomorrow, the wind will turn to the north wind, and the wind force is expected to be two or three levels.

  

  △ On October 13th, Beijing was shrouded in smog. (Photo from vision china)

  Reminder: Patients with respiratory diseases should minimize going out and wear masks when going out; Wash your face, rinse your mouth and clean your nasal cavity in time after going out, and remove the pollution residue attached to your body.

  There is still a heavy rainfall typhoon "Sally Jia" near Hainan. 

  Affected by the tropical depression and cold air in the South China Sea, the rain in Hainan was strong yesterday, with heavy rains in many places and heavy rains in the central and eastern regions.

  

  According to the monitoring of the Central Meteorological Observatory, the tropical depression in the South China Sea has landed on the central coast of Vietnam this morning, but its residual system will still be combined with cold air, bringing strong winds of magnitude 7-8 to the Taiwan Province Strait, the northern part of the South China Sea, the Beibu Gulf, the Qiongzhou Strait and the coastal areas of Hainan, Guangxi, Guangdong and Fujian. The gusts in some sea areas and regions can reach 9-10, and there will be heavy rain or rainstorm in the southeast of Hainan Island.

 

  △ On October 14th, qionghai city, Hainan Province, aerial photography was taken of villages surrounded by floods and soaked fields in Jiaji Town. (Photo from vision china)

  In addition, this year’s No.21 typhoon "Sally Jia" was generated in the east of the Philippines last night. It is expected to approach the eastern coast of Luzon Island in the Philippines, land on the above coast from the night of 15th to the morning of 16th, then pass through the Philippines, enter the eastern South China Sea on the evening of 16th, and gradually approach the eastern sea of Hainan Island, with increasing intensity. From the afternoon of 18th to the night, it will land or pass through the southeast of Hainan Island with the intensity of typhoon to strong typhoon, and it is also possible to sail westward from the offshore of the south of Hainan Island.

  

  According to China Weather Network, next week, South China may be hit by two typhoons in succession! On the far left is the tropical depression &darr;

  

  Reminder: citizens should do a good job in typhoon prevention in advance and must strengthen their own safety precautions; The ship should obey the command and take shelter in the shelter; Stop all dangerous operations at high altitude and outdoors.

Ten must-see Chinese high-definition movies to make your movie-watching trip more exciting!

Original title: Ten must-see Chinese high-definition movies to make your movie-watching trip more exciting!

In this busy world, we are all eager to find a way to relax and enjoy a good time. Film, as a unique art form, can always bring us endless joy and emotion. Today, I will recommend ten Chinese high-definition movies to you to make your movie-watching trip more exciting.

1. Farewell My Concubine: This classic by director Chen Kaige tells a touching story that spans half a century. The performance in the film is a must, and the superb acting skills of ZhangFeng yi and Leslie Cheung are unforgettable.

2. To Be Alive: This work by director Zhang Yimou shows the great changes of China society through the fate of an ordinary family. The life in the film is full of flavor, which makes people feel the hardship and beauty of life with empathy.

3. "Let the Bullets Fly": This comedy action film, with its unique humor and satire, shows the complex face of river’s lake grievances and power struggles. Jiang Wen’s outstanding performance makes this role a classic.

4. Infernal Affairs: This Hong Kong gangster film, with its tense plot and excellent performance, has become a classic of Chinese movies. The performances of Tony Leung Chiu Wai and Andy Lau made people deeply impressed with these two roles.

5. Titanic: This romantic disaster film, with its touching love story and shocking visual effects, has become a global box office champion. The performances of Leonardo DiCaprio and kate winslet moved people.

6. Hero: This epic masterpiece directed by Zhang Yimou shows the heroic legend of the Warring States Period with its grand scenes and rich colors. Jet Li, Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Maggie Cheung and other powerful actors joined in, adding a lot of color to the film.

7. Wedding the Great Sage on a Chinese Odyssey: This classic comedy, with its humorous dialogue and fantastic settings, has become the favorite of many people. Stephen Chow’s performance is unforgettable.

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon: This martial arts film, with its beautiful fighting scenes and profound themes, has become the pinnacle of Chinese movies. The performances of Zhou Yong, Zhang Ziyi and other actors are amazing.

9. The Painted Skin: This fantasy romance has become a highlight of Chinese movies with its unique visual effect and touching love story. The performances of actors such as Chen Kun and Zhou Xun are impressive.

10. "Hawthorn Tree Love": This romantic film adapted from the novel of the same name has become a masterpiece in many people’s hearts with its pure love story and beautiful pictures. Zhang Yimou’s directing skill is once again reflected.

These films have their own characteristics, including profound themes and wonderful performances. I hope you can find your own happy time while watching these movies. Let’s feel the charm of the film and experience a different wonderful life together.

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