Notice on Issuing the Action Plan for Pollution Prevention and Control of Waste Lead Storage Batteries

Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Ecological Environment (Environmental Protection) Department (bureau), Development and Reform Commission, competent department of industry and information technology, public security department (bureau), judicial department (bureau), finance department (bureau), transportation department (bureau, commission), market supervision bureau (bureau, commission), and State Taxation Administration of The People’s Republic of China provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government.

  In order to strengthen the pollution prevention and control of waste lead-acid batteries and fight the tough battle of pollution prevention and control in an all-round way, the Action Plan for Pollution Prevention and Control of Waste Lead-acid batteries is hereby printed and distributed to you. Please earnestly implement the requirements and accelerate the work of pollution prevention and control of waste lead-acid batteries.

  General Office of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment

  General Office of Development and Reform Commission

  General Office of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

  General office of Ministry of public security

  General office of Ministry of Justice

  General office of Ministry of Finance

  General Office of Ministry of Transport

  General office of the State Administration of Taxation

  General Office of General Administration of Market Supervision

  January 18, 2019

  Issued by the General Office of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment on January 22, 2019

Action plan for pollution prevention of waste lead storage battery

  In recent years, with the large-scale application of lead batteries in the fields of automobiles, electric bicycles and energy storage, China’s lead battery and recycled lead industry have developed rapidly. There are a large number of discarded lead-acid batteries, and the recycling of lead-acid batteries has high resource and environmental value. However, the sources of waste lead-acid batteries are extensive and scattered, and some informal enterprises and individuals seek illegal interests, which leads to the repeated prohibition of illegal collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries, which seriously harms people’s health and ecological environment safety. In accordance with the decision-making arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on comprehensively strengthening the ecological environment protection and fighting the tough battle of pollution prevention and control, this scheme is formulated in order to strengthen the pollution prevention and control of waste lead storage batteries, improve the comprehensive utilization level of resources, promote the standardized and orderly development of lead storage battery production and recycled lead industry, and protect the ecological environment safety and people’s health.

  一、总体要求

  (一)指导思想

  全面贯彻党的十九大和十九届二中、三中全会精神,以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想为指导,深入落实习近平生态文明思想和全国生态环境保护大会精神,认真落实党中央、国务院决策部署,坚持和贯彻绿色发展理念,将废铅蓄电池污染防治作为打好污染防治攻坚战的重要内容,以有效防控环境风险为目标,以提高废铅蓄电池规范收集处理率为主线,完善源头严防、过程严管、后果严惩的监管体系,严厉打击涉废铅蓄电池违法犯罪行为,建立规范的废铅蓄电池收集处理体系,有效遏制非法收集处理造成的环境污染,维护国家生态环境安全,保护人民群众身体健康。

  (二)基本原则

  坚持疏堵结合、标本兼治。完善废铅蓄电池收集、贮存、转移、利用处置管理制度,支持铅蓄电池生产企业和再生铅企业建立正规收集处理体系;持续保持高压态势,严厉打击非法收集处理违法犯罪行为。

  Adhere to classified policies and comprehensive management. According to environmental risks, objective conditions of collection and treatment and other factors, the management and control requirements for collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries are reasonably determined by classification; Comprehensive use of legal, economic and administrative means to carry out life cycle management and improve the joint reward and punishment mechanism.

  Adhere to coordination and cooperation and pay close attention to implementation. All departments work closely together according to the division of responsibilities and make concerted efforts to form a joint effort; Strengthen follow-up supervision to ensure that all tasks are effective; All localities earnestly implement the main responsibility and do a good job in pollution control and collection and treatment system construction of waste lead storage batteries.

  Adhere to pluralistic participation and common governance by the whole people. Strengthen publicity and education on pollution prevention of lead-acid batteries, and guide relevant enterprises, public institutions and the public to actively participate in the standardized collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries; Strengthen information disclosure and improve the public supervision and reporting mechanism.

  (III) Main objectives

  In accordance with the requirements of the State Council’s Notice on Printing and Distributing the 13th Five-Year Plan for Ecological Environmental Protection (Guo Fa [2016] No.65) and the State Council General Office’s Notice on Printing and Distributing the Implementation Plan of Extended Producer Responsibility System (Guo Ban Fa [2016] No.99), the illegal collection and treatment of waste lead batteries will be rectified, and the extended producer responsibility system will be implemented to improve the standardized collection and treatment rate of waste lead batteries. By 2020, lead-acid battery manufacturers will realize the standardized collection rate of waste lead-acid batteries by implementing the extended producer responsibility system; By 2025, the standard collection rate of waste lead-acid batteries will reach 70%; Standardize the safe use and disposal of all collected waste lead batteries.

  Second, promote the green development of lead-acid battery production industry

  (four) to establish a list of enterprises in lead-acid battery related industries.Establish lists of key enterprises such as lead storage battery production, primary lead and recycled lead respectively, and make them public and dynamically updated.. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and relevant departments of local governments (hereinafter all including relevant departments of local governments, which will not be repeated) are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of June 2019)

  (5) Severely crack down on illegal production and sales.Take lead-acid batteries as key commodities, and continue to crack down on illegal production and sale of counterfeit and shoddy lead-acid batteries according to law.(The General Administration of Market Supervision is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (6) Vigorously promote cleaner production.For enterprises listed in the list of lead storage battery production, primary lead and secondary lead enterprises, compulsory cleaner production audit shall be implemented according to law, and the interval between two cleaner production audits shall not exceed five years.. (The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Development and Reform Commission are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (seven) to promote the lead-acid battery producer responsibility extension system.Formulate and issue management measures for recycling lead-acid batteries, and implement extended producer responsibility.(The Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)Give full play to the leading role of lead-acid battery production and lead recycling backbone enterprises, encourage recycling enterprises to establish a reverse recycling system based on the manufacturer’s marketing network, and lead-acid battery production enterprises and importers establish a standardized recycling system through self-built recycling system or cooperation with social recycling system. Encourage lead battery manufacturers to carry out ecological design and increase the proportion of recycled raw materials; Encourage lead battery manufacturers and lead smelting enterprises to complement each other, and support the use of existing lead smelting technology and equipment to treat waste lead batteries. Strengthen the management of recycled lead enterprises and promote the scale and clean development of recycled lead enterprises.(The Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for long-term implementation according to their functions)

  Third, improve the collection system of waste lead batteries

  (eight) improve the supporting legal system.Amend the Law of People’s Republic of China (PRC) on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste, and clarify the extended producer responsibility system and the collection and licensing system of waste lead batteries;(Ministry of Ecology and Environment and Ministry of Justice are responsible for implementation)Revise the Measures for the Management of Hazardous Waste Transfer Joint List to improve the transfer management requirements;(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)Revise the National Hazardous Waste List, and put forward exemption management requirements for collection, storage and transfer under the premise of risk control.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation and will be completed before the end of 2019)

  (nine) to carry out the pilot system of centralized collection and trans-regional transportation of waste lead batteries.In order to explore and improve the management system of collection and transfer of waste lead-acid batteries, a pilot system of centralized collection and trans-regional transfer of waste lead-acid batteries is carried out in a conditional area, and the requirements for collection, storage and transfer of undamaged sealed maintenance-free waste lead-acid batteries are conditionally exempted or simplified, so as to reduce costs, improve efficiency and promote the establishment of a standardized and orderly collection and treatment system.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)

  (ten) to strengthen the management of waste lead-acid batteries in the automobile maintenance industry.Strengthen the training and guidance on the sources of waste lead-acid batteries such as vehicle maintenance enterprises (Class I and II), and urge them to deliver waste lead-acid batteries to formal collection and treatment channels according to laws and regulations, and incorporate them into relevant qualification management or assessment and rating index system.(The Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for long-term implementation and will start in 2019)

  Four, strengthen the standardized management of recycled lead industry

  (eleven) strict management of waste lead storage battery business license access.Formulate and publish guidelines for the examination of hazardous waste business license of waste lead-acid batteries, revise the Technical Specification for Pollution Control of Waste Lead-acid Batteries, strictly permit conditions, and prohibit enterprises that have no legal ability to recycle lead from disassembling waste lead batteries.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2019)

  (twelve) to strengthen the standardized management of hazardous waste in recycled lead enterprises.Take recycled lead enterprises as the focus of standardized management of hazardous waste, and improve the standardized management level of hazardous waste in recycled lead enterprises.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for long-term implementation)Recycled lead enterprises should install automatic monitoring and video monitoring equipment in accordance with the law (that is, "installation"), set up an electronic display screen at the gate of the factory for information disclosure (that is, "tree"), and gradually connect real-time monitoring data with ecological and environmental departments at all levels (that is, "link") to realize information management.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)

  Five, severely crack down on illegal and criminal acts involving waste lead batteries.

  (thirteen) severely crack down on and severely investigate and deal with illegal and criminal acts involving waste lead storage battery enterprises.Severely crack down on illegal environmental crimes such as illegal collection and dismantling of waste lead batteries and illegal smelting and recycling of lead.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Public Security are responsible for long-term implementation)Strengthen the inspection of illegal acts involving waste lead storage batteries in lead storage battery production enterprises, primary lead enterprises and recycled lead enterprises, and investigate and deal with such acts as receiving waste lead storage batteries without a hazardous waste business license, failing to implement the hazardous waste transfer manifest system as required, illegally disposing of waste acid solution, and illegally receiving "acid-poured" batteries, recycled crude lead and lead paste lead plates.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (fourteen) to strengthen the tax supervision of recycled lead enterprises.Conduct daily verification and risk assessment on the tax implementation of recycled lead enterprises, and carry out tax inspection according to law for enterprises suspected of serious tax violations such as tax evasion and fraud and false invoicing.(The State Administration of Taxation is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (fifteen) to carry out joint punishment.The information about illegal enterprises and personnel involved in waste lead batteries will be included in the list of illegal and untrustworthy in the field of ecological environment, publicized on the national credit information sharing platform, the website of Credit China and the national enterprise credit information publicity system, publicly exposed and jointly punished.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Transport, the State Administration of Taxation, and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation and will be launched in 2019)

  Sixth, establish a long-term guarantee mechanism

  (sixteen) the implementation of relevant preferential tax policies.We will implement the current preferential value-added tax policy for comprehensive utilization of resources, and enterprises that use waste lead batteries to produce recycled lead can enjoy preferential tax policies according to regulations to support the development of waste lead battery treatment industry.(The Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (seventeen) to improve the level of information management.Establish a lead-acid battery life cycle traceability system to promote the implementation of a unified coding specification.(The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the General Administration of Market Supervision, the Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment are responsible for the implementation, which will be completed before the end of 2020)Establish a public information service platform for the collection and treatment of waste lead-acid batteries, connect all the standardized collection and treatment information of waste lead-acid batteries to the platform, and connect with the lead-acid battery production management information system established by relevant authorities, and gradually realize the traceability of the whole process of lead-acid battery production, transportation, sales, abandonment, collection, storage, transshipment, utilization and disposal information.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for long-term implementation)

  (eighteen) establish and improve the long-term mechanism of inspector accountability.In areas where the problem of illegal collection of waste lead storage batteries and illegal smelting and recycling of lead is prominent, and the masses have strongly reflected it, causing serious environmental pollution, special inspectors of acupoint type and mobile type will be carried out as appropriate, and interviews will be conducted or accountability will be handed over to the verified dereliction of duty.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment is responsible for long-term implementation)

  (nineteen) to encourage public participation.Carry out education and training on the environmental health hazards of waste lead batteries, widely publicize the relevant policies on the collection and treatment of waste lead batteries, and set up standardized collection and treatment tips in motor vehicle 4S shops, vehicle maintenance enterprises (Class I and II), electric bicycle sales and maintenance enterprises and lead battery sales places to promote the collection and treatment rate of waste lead batteries in formal channels.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Transport are respectively responsible for long-term implementation)Encourage reward reporting, and encourage the public to supervise and report illegal and criminal acts such as illegal collection, illegal smelting of recycled lead, tax evasion, and production of counterfeit and shoddy batteries through telephone, letter, e-mail, government website and WeChat platform.(The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration of Taxation and the General Administration of Market Supervision are responsible for the long-term implementation)

What safety matters should college students pay attention to in winter vacation? Please keep this guide.

  Zhongxin. com, January 18 th At the end of the year and the beginning of the year, the winter vacation is coming. While everyone is enjoying the holiday, the safety issue cannot be ignored. What are the safety matters that need to be paid attention to when studying in school, practicing practice and traveling during holidays? Yesterday, Weibo, the official of the Information Office of the Ministry of Education, issued the "Safety Guide for College Students’ Winter Holidays", reminding college students to beware of illegal organizations such as pyramid schemes, choose regular recruitment/part-time websites, and pay attention to personal information protection.

  Detention safety article

  When staying in school during the holiday, students should know the arrangement of logistics service during the winter vacation in advance, and strengthen the study of safety knowledge such as fire prevention, theft prevention, fraud prevention and food hygiene, and strengthen the awareness of safety prevention.

  Guard against stealing, robbing and cheating

  Lock the dormitory doors and windows when you go out, take care of your valuables, and especially don’t lend your documents to others easily. Don’t store a lot of cash or leave valuables in the dormitory or on your body.

  Prevent problems from not "burning"

  Pay attention to the safety of electricity use, turn off the power in time when you leave the dormitory, do not go to bed with computers and appliances, do not pull and connect wires in the dormitory, do not use high-power appliances, and do not make a fire in the dormitory to prevent winter fires. Call 119 as soon as possible because of an electric fire.

  Abide by dormitory management regulations

  Don’t stay with the opposite sex and foreigners, don’t rent out beds to others, and don’t store flammable and explosive materials.

  Pay attention to the safety of daily life

  Keep the dormitory environment clean and tidy, and dry clothes and bedding frequently; Indoor ventilation should be frequent to promote air circulation and prevent diseases. Pay attention to keep warm and cold, exercise diligently, ensure nutrition, avoid overeating and pay attention to food hygiene.

  Healthy and civilized internet access

  Rational use of the network, reasonable arrangement of time, not indulging in the network; Beware of online fraud and abide by online ethics; Protect property safety, don’t indulge in online games and video games, and don’t contact or participate in unfamiliar online games, live broadcasts, QQ groups, WeChat groups and post bars.

  Practice safety article

  During the holidays, many students choose to find internships, but the peak season of winter internship is also the peak of fraud. At the same time, college students should protect themselves and guard against being cheated.

  Choose a regular recruitment/part-time website.

  College students must log on to the official recruitment website and be wary of "employment agencies" and "employment agencies". Before submitting their resumes, they must inquire about the company’s relevant information and judge its authenticity.

  Pay attention to the protection of personal information

  Some personal information on your resume need not be too specific, such as mailing address, but should focus on your work experience. Be alert to all kinds of telecom fraud and online fraud, and report to the police in time when problems are found.

  Beware of illegal organizations such as pyramid schemes.

  Be alert and stay away from pyramid schemes, which usually have one or more of the following characteristics: when you join the club, you are told that one of your duties is to develop more people; Pay an expensive membership fee; Many people are in high spirits in the workplace. If pyramid schemes are identified, college students should immediately stop working and call the police in time.

  Take care of your finances

  When you go out for an internship, you should not carry too much cash with you, leaving only a small amount of pocket money. Generally, you should not give your luggage to someone you don’t know.

  Choose a regular lodging place.

  If you want to stay in a hotel or guest house with a business license and regular management, you can give valuables to the service desk for safekeeping, don’t go out alone at night, lock the doors and windows when you sleep, and don’t sleep in a room with strangers.

  Choose tutoring through formal channels.

  Looking for tutoring through schools, acquaintances and formal intermediaries, we should not trust small advertisements and other unidentified tutoring information. The first time you go to a student’s home to give a lecture, please be accompanied by your classmates, and then get to know the parents of the students before you can continue on the basis of ensuring safety. When you go out as a tutor, you must tell your classmates the other person’s home address and telephone number, and tell them the time to return to school, in case of other circumstances, you can contact your classmates in time.

  Travel safety articles

  The winter vacation is coming, and I believe many college students have arranged travel plans. Although travel is full of novelty, it is inevitable that there will be security problems. Therefore, whether traveling together or going home for the New Year, students must do a good job in safety protection.

  Don’t put valuables in conspicuous places.

  When traveling, it is best not to carry a lot of cash and valuables, and the backpack must be placed in a conspicuous field of vision, or given to a companion.

  Take a legally qualified vehicle.

  When choosing a chartered car service for travel and tourism, you should choose vehicles and drivers with legal operation qualifications, and don’t take the "black" bus that attracts tourists privately. If you are in doubt about the condition of the vehicle, you can ask the transporter to show relevant certificates. Don’t take an illegal "black" bus because of greed and cheapness.

  Do not take overloaded and overcrowded vehicles.

  Don’t go out in vehicles that are overloaded and mixed with passengers and goods. Vehicle overload seriously affects the braking and handling performance of vehicles, and is prone to safety accidents such as brake failure. For your own safety, you must not take chances and take overloaded vehicles because of preferential prices and quick arrival.

  Minimize going out in bad weather.

  In winter, freezing, rain and snow are frequent, and the road surface is slippery. Travel should check the weather of the destination in advance, reduce going out in severe weather such as fog, rain and snow, and pay attention to safety.

  The mobile phone must be kept open.

  Before leaving school, you must inform the counselor, roommates and parents of your personal whereabouts and contact information, and keep the communication tools open so that you can find out in time and help solve the problem.

  Beware of overly enthusiastic strangers.

  Do not trust strangers’ words and deeds, and do not drink or eat strangers’ drinks and food easily; Don’t casually accept strangers’ bags, buy tickets, look after things and other help. For college students who are not deeply involved in the world, it is indispensable to guard against others.

  Communication security article

  With the coming of winter vacation, college students need to be alert to high-incidence telecommunication network fraud such as booking fraud, online shopping refund and high-paying recruitment. What are the characteristics of these frauds? Learn with Xiaobian.

  False booking

  Criminals use portals to make fake web pages of online booking companies, publish false information such as booking air tickets and train tickets, and lure victims into being fooled by lower fares. Later, he asked for another remittance to commit fraud on the grounds of "incomplete identity information" and "frozen account number".

  Refund of online shopping goods

  Criminals took advantage of college students’ online shopping for a large number of goods during the Spring Festival, pretending to be online shop customer service staff to make phone calls or send text messages and falsely claiming that the goods taken by the victims were out of stock and needed a refund, demanding bank card numbers, passwords and other information to commit fraud.

  High-paying recruitment

  Criminals take advantage of students’ eagerness to practice during the winter vacation, and recruit online staff such as online shop customer service staff, typists, and people who brush traffic through the Internet with high salaries to commit fraud on the grounds of paying deposits and deposits.

  Loan installment shopping

  Criminals send short messages in groups, saying that they can provide loans or purchase goods by installment for those who are short of funds, with low monthly interest rate and no guarantee. Once the victim believes it, the other party will commit fraud in the name of prepaid interest, deposit, etc., and will face high interest if it fails to do so.

  online game

  Criminals use online games to buy and sell game coins and equipment. After defrauding players’ trust, players are allowed to send money offline, and they will not trade after they get the money. Criminals post information on the game forum, get the remittance and game account provided by the player, and embezzle it together with the account for a day or two.

  Tips

"The whole world will watch a wonderful game."

  The picture shows Remy Boller (middle) making ice a few days ago. Photo courtesy of Capital Gymnasium

  Two different perceptions: one is fast, the other is graceful, and the two events, short track speed skating and figure skating, will share a piece of ice in the Beijing Winter Olympics. In order to create an ice surface where speed and beauty coexist in the Capital Gymnasium, Remy Boller, an ice-making expert specially appointed by BOCOG, and his colleagues from China set up a stage for athletes from all over the world to realize their dreams.

  The ice-making expert from France said in an interview that his story of becoming attached to ice-making began in 1992. At the Winter Olympics in Albertville, 16-year-old Bole set foot on the ice with an ice sweeper. "That was my first contact with ice making." Bole said. Since then, he has served many Winter Olympics and world championships and accumulated rich experience in the field of ice making.

  After completing the ice-making work of short track speed skating and figure skating in Pyeongchang Winter Olympics in 2018, Bole received an invitation from the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee and soon devoted himself to the work related to the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics, taking charge of the ice-making work of the Capital Gymnasium. "In order to present a wonderful Winter Olympics, I have worked with the China team for nearly 4 years." He said.

  Talking about the biggest challenge at work, Bole said that the Capital Gymnasium undertakes two major events of Beijing Winter Olympics, namely short track speed skating and figure skating, which have completely different requirements on the ice surface. "This requires us to study carefully to ensure that the ice surface is perfect for both projects." He explained that, compared with the brittle ice preferred by short track speed skaters, the slightly softer ice is more conducive to the flower skaters’ jumping movements. If the short-track speed skater can skate very fast and the figure skater can jump high in the competition, it proves that the ice-making work is successful.

  Bole mentioned a detail. The ice-making team will debug the ice surface temperature several times in one day. "We will adjust the ice surface condition, replace the protective mat and debug the ice surface temperature every day, so that the ice surface can reach the optimal temperature every day. In order to achieve this goal, we work closely with Chinese engineers in charge of machinery and equipment to regulate the temperature, water temperature and refrigeration system temperature. "

  In Bole’s view, every ice making is unique. "The special feature of this job is to cooperate with different teams in different venues." He said that working in Beijing was a wonderful experience.

  Built in 1968, Capital Gymnasium is the first modern gymnasium built after the founding of New China, and the first artificial indoor ice rink in China was born here. "It feels really great to look at the changes that have taken place here bit by bit!" Bole said.

  Talking about the cooperation with the ice-making team of the Capital Gymnasium, Bole said frankly that this is very exciting. "In fact, all my colleagues have great enthusiasm for ice making." He introduced that everyone came together because of their love for ice sports. "This is a pleasant cooperation, and everyone is in step. When encountering problems, everyone will rush forward and actively solve them, which is very good. " Bole said.

  Bole said that the experience of working in the Capital Gymnasium made him full of confidence in this ice and the success of this Winter Olympics. On February 4th, the first figure skating competition was held in the Capital Gymnasium. On the 5th, China won the gold medal in the short track speed skating mixed team relay final, which was also the first gold medal produced in the stadium. "There is no doubt that the whole world will watch wonderful games on this ice." Bole said.

Many places in Zhejiang welcomed the first snow in 2024, and the Meteorological Bureau issued an important reminder.

Hangzhou, January 22 (Reporter Wang Chunran) The reporter learned from the Zhejiang Meteorological Bureau that from 6: 00 to 16: 00 on January 22, the provincial meteorological disaster warning release platform issued a total of 131 meteorological disaster warning signals such as low temperature orange warning, blizzard yellow warning, gale yellow warning and road icing yellow warning. With the arrival of strong cold air, many Zhejiang citizens saw the first snow in 2024 when they went out on the morning of January 22.

Hangzhou, Taizhou, Wenzhou, Lishui and other places have ushered in heavy snow, and large pieces of snow scenes have been released. Let’s enjoy it together!

Snow Scene of Tangqi Ancient Town, Linping District, Hangzhou (Photo courtesy of Propaganda Department of Linping District Committee issued by Yangguang. com)

Snow Scene in luqiao district, Taizhou (Photo courtesy of Propaganda Department of Luqiao District Committee of Yangguang Net)

Nantianding Snow Scene in Shenxianju Scenic Area, Xianju County, Taizhou City (Photo courtesy of Propaganda Department of Xianju County Committee of Yangguang. com)

Snow Scene of Jinjishan Forest Park in Ruian City, Wenzhou City (Photo courtesy of Ruian Rong Media Center issued by Yangguang. com)

Snow Scene in the Old Town of Jinyun County, Lishui City (Photo courtesy of the Media Center of Jinyun County issued by Yangguang. com)

Snow Scene of Donghe Camping Base in Zhuji City, Shaoxing City (Photo courtesy of Zhuji Rong Media Center by Yangguang. com)

As the saying goes, "Walk on the ice in 3949". The reporter learned from the Zhejiang Meteorological Bureau that there was still light sleet or light snow in central and southern Zhejiang on January 22, and moderate to heavy snow in some mountainous areas. On the 22nd, the snowfall in northern Zhejiang stopped during the day, and from 20: 00 to midnight that day, the snowfall from central Zhejiang to southern Zhejiang will also stop slowly. From the 23rd, it was mainly sunny and cold, and the temperature was even lower. Until the 26th, the lowest temperature in Zhejiang Province was below freezing point.

The chill is aggravated, the temperature difference is increased, and the continuous cooling is easy to cause respiratory tract, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, etc. Sensitive people should pay attention to cold and warmth, try to go to crowded closed places as little as possible, wear masks when necessary, and pay attention to maintaining ventilation when heating indoors to keep out the cold. In addition, the public should pay attention to the safety of using fire and electricity. In cold weather, when using heating equipment such as coal stove and charcoal fire indoors, pay attention to ventilation to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning, and stay away from flammable, explosive and easy-to-play toxic substances.

Zhejiang Meteorological Bureau issued a warm reminder: transportation, electric power, communications and other departments should strengthen the inspection and maintenance of roads, railways and lines, and do a good job in road cleaning and snow melting; Pedestrians should pay attention to cold prevention and anti-skid, drivers should drive carefully, and vehicles should take anti-skid measures; Farming and pastoral areas and breeding industries should prepare enough feed to prevent snow disasters and freezing damage; Strengthen temporary structures such as scaffolding that are easily crushed by snow.

(Source: Yangguang. com)

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Public Welfare Sports Lottery Helps the Common Prosperity Shaoxing Sports Lottery New Year Gifts Delivered Non-stop.

"Big lotto, Longteng good luck!" On the occasion of the Spring Festival, Shaoxing Sports Lottery has prepared thousands of New Year gift packages for lottery buyers who support public welfare sports lottery.

Activity 1: From the 24012 issue, which was put on sale on January 25th, to the 24017 issue, which was opened on February 7th, anyone who bought a lottery ticket in any sports lottery store in this city by means of "one ticket and ten bets" and won 15 yuan or above in a single ticket and note can go to 175 designated sports lottery stores nearby during the activity time, and receive a Shaoxing lottery ticket after completing the regular redemption.
Copies, first come, first served, while stocks last.

Activity 2: During the activity, if you buy a sports lottery and win a prize of 10,000 yuan or more in a single ticket, the lottery buyers who go to the city center to redeem the prize will even have a surprise gift package with unlimited quantity. For details, please consult the physical stores of sports lottery in Shaoxing area.

In recent years, Shaoxing Sports Lottery has made use of its brand influence, the advantages in number of channels and the uniqueness of gameplay to empower Shaoxing rural revitalization projects and fulfill its social responsibility of "co-enriching Zhejiang and sharing sports lottery".

The meaning has changed for thousands of years. Where did New Year’s Day come from?

Beijing Daily Supplement | Author Zheng Xuefu
New Year’s Day is coming. Where does New Year’s Day come from? How did it enter people’s lives? New Year’s Day is called "three yuan" in ancient times, that is, the yuan of the year, the yuan of the month and the yuan of the time. It is also called Yuan Chun, Yuan Ri, Yuan Zheng, Yuan Chen and Yuan Shuo. For thousands of years, the meaning of New Year’s Day has changed several times.
Ancient New Year’s Day was the Lunar New Year.
New Year’s Day originated from the legend of Zhuan Xu, one of the three emperors and five emperors. In ancient times, there were four New Year’s days, namely, the first day of October, the first day of November, the first day of December and the first day of January.
The earliest calendars in China are the six ancient calendars of Huangdi, Zhuan Xu, Xia, Yin, Zhou and Lu, which are collectively called "Ancient Six Calendars". According to the calendar method, the twelve months of a year are Zi, Ugly, Yin, Mao, Chen, Si, Wu, Wei, Shen, You, Xu and Hai. The first month of each year is January, and the first day of each month is the first day. Before Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, the first month of each dynasty was different. Huangdi calendar, Zhou calendar and Lu calendar all take Zi Yue as the first month, which is called Jian Zi Yue, which is now November of the lunar calendar, and the first day of November is New Year’s Day. Meng Chun was the first month in the Xia Dynasty, and New Year’s Day in the Xia Dynasty was the first day of the first lunar month. The Shang Dynasty used the Yin calendar, the first month of which was December of the lunar calendar, and the first day of December was New Year’s Day.
During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, the Emperor of Zhou was weak and weak, competing for hegemony, and the vassal States went their own way, no longer pursuing the exact date of the Zhou Dynasty, so the time of New Year’s Day was different. After Qin Shihuang unified the world, he also unified the calendar and promoted the Zhuan Xu calendar, with October as the first month and the first day of October as New Year’s Day.
After the establishment of the Han Dynasty, Emperor Gaozu followed the Qin calendar, but with the development of agricultural production, it became more and more uncomfortable with the common spring, summer, autumn and winter. In 104 BC, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty promulgated and implemented the taichu calendar, and changed this year to the first year of Tai Chu, officially confirming the first day of the first month in the summer calendar as New Year’s Day. In the following two thousand years, although several emperors have changed the calendar to the beginning of the year (such as Wang Mang’s stipulation that the first day of December is the beginning of the year), the summer calendar has been used as a whole. Therefore, the lunar calendar we are using now is also called the "summer calendar".
New Year’s Day in ancient times was not the present New Year’s Day, but the Lunar New Year. Wu Zimu’s "Dream Liang Lu" said: "The first month of the first month is called New Year’s Day, and the custom is called New Year’s Day. One-year-old festival, this is the first. " On New Year’s Day, the emperor will hold a grand ceremony to celebrate the new year and offer sacrifices to his ancestors and gods. The emperor will lead a group of princes and ministers to celebrate the Empress Dowager Palace to express his filial piety and blessings. And the courtiers should also pay homage to the emperor to congratulate New Year’s Day.
In the Qin Dynasty, officials had a "leave" system on New Year’s Day, in the Han Dynasty, there was a "rest" system, and in the Tang Dynasty, officials had a seven-day holiday on New Year’s Day, which became a legal system. Folk customs such as setting off firecrackers, hanging peach symbols, worshipping gods and ancestors, praying for evil spirits, reuniting relatives and giving gifts to celebrate the New Year have been formed. In the Song Dynasty, people were allowed to entertain freely on New Year’s Day, and gambling was banned for three days. "Tokyo Dream of China Record" said: "Scholars have been celebrating each other since early. Fang Xiang uses food, animals, fruits, firewood and the like, and the song is called Guanpu. For example, Maxing Street, Panlou Street, outside Dongsongmen, outside Xiliangmen, outside Fengqiu Gate in the north of the state, and in the south of the state, all of them are covered with colored sheds, with combs, pearls, heads, clothes, flowers, boots and shoes, and playing well. There are dance halls and song halls, and cars and horses meet each other. "
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, New Year’s Day in Beijing was even more lively. "Yanjing Years Old" describes: "Jingshi calls New Year’s Day the first day of the New Year’s Day. On the first day of each session, after the beginning of the child, incense and firecrackers are burned to pay tribute, and even the alleys are endless. "
Debate between "New Year’s Day" and "Spring Festival"
In 1911, the Revolution of 1911 overthrew the Qing government and ended the feudal monarchy for more than two thousand years. On January 1, the following year, Sun Yat-sen was sworn in as interim president, and the government of the Republic of China was established. On January 2nd, Dr. Sun Yat-sen issued "The Temporary President changed the calendar to switch to the yuan to switch on electricity": "Provincial governors: The Republic of China changed to the solar calendar, with November 13th, the year of the Yellow Emperor, as the New Year’s Day of the first year of the Republic of China. It was decided by the provincial delegations and promulgated by this president. " On January l3, the Interim President issued the Decree on Promulgating the Almanac, ordering the Ministry of Internal Affairs to compile a new almanac. The government stipulates that from January 1 to 3, military and political departments, judicial organs, schools and local governments will have a three-day holiday.
Around the New Year in 1924
On January 1, 1913, when the first New Year’s Day came, the governments at all levels in the Republic of China held a celebration, and the party and government officials gathered to sum up the work in the past year and look forward to the prospect of the new year. Major primary and secondary schools have carefully prepared the New Year’s Day entertainment several days in advance, with rich programs and enthusiastic participation of teachers, students and government employees.
At that time, China was in a fragmented warlord regime, the ruling power of the government of the Republic of China was very limited, and the traditional customs were deeply rooted, so it was impossible to abolish them by a telegram. The people went their own way, and it was not until the twelfth lunar month that they began to have a "busy year" and had a taste of the year. In July of this year, in view of the phenomenon that the Lunar New Year was "repeatedly forbidden" among the people, Zhu Qiqian, the chief interior officer of Beiyang Government, submitted a report on the four seasons holiday to President Yuan Shikai, and put forward an application for "designating Lunar New Year’s Day as the Spring Festival" and allowed a day off. Yuan Shikai agreed to this request and implemented it in 1914. So the "New Year’s Day", which has been passed down for thousands of years, was officially renamed as "Spring Festival". Since then, there have been two New Years in China. At that time, New Year’s Day was called "New Year of the Republic of China" and Spring Festival was called "National New Year". After a period of time, the official just finished the "Gregorian Year", and the people ushered in the "Lunar Year", and the government and the people lived their own years.
On January 26th, 1914, China ushered in the first Spring Festival in history. People celebrated the New Year in accordance with traditional customs, and the atmosphere was particularly lively. At that time, the newspaper reported: "Every firecracker, every household, and all shopping malls, big and small, were closed for a few days, bustling, celebrating each other when they met people, and all said auspicious stories." Even Emperor Xuantong, who had abdicated, rose to the temple to be congratulated, and Yuan Shikai and Li Yuanhong also sent representatives to pay their respects.
In 1927, the National Government made Nanjing its capital. In May of the following year, Minister of the Interior Xue Dubi drafted "Eight Measures for Popularizing the National Calendar", which designated the solar calendar as "the national calendar" and the lunar calendar as "the abolition of the calendar". "For the festivals of the old calendar, no holidays are allowed." On December 8, the Executive Committee of the Kuomintang Central Committee ordered party departments and mass organizations at all levels to abolish the old calendar, and prohibited all folk activities such as posting Spring Festival couplets and setting off fireworks and firecrackers. It also prohibited shops from closing, not only severely punishing school leaders who had a holiday in the old calendar, but also punishing businessmen who closed their doors and went home for the New Year. Before the Spring Festival in 1929, the Shandong provincial government even issued a general order to "ban the Spring Festival".
Around the New Year in 1924
On the eve of New Year’s Day in 1930, the Kuomintang Central Party Department printed 8,000 copies of Spring Festival couplets and distributed them to the public for posting, and announced that "all entertainment places in the city are half price" to encourage people to celebrate New Year’s Day. In December of that year, the Executive Yuan of the National Government informed the national organs to have a five-day holiday on New Year’s Day. In 1933, the national government also ordered all walks of life to change the New Year’s Day holiday to three days. Since then, a three-day holiday on New Year’s Day has become a practice and system. In 1934, the government stopped the compulsory abolition of the lunar calendar, demanding that "folk customs should not interfere too much with the old calendar, except for public offices."
The first New Year’s Day in New China
On September 27th, 1949, the first plenary session of the China People’s Political Consultative Conference decided that People’s Republic of China (PRC) would adopt the method of AD chronology. In order to distinguish the two New Year’s days, and considering that the "beginning of spring" in the 24 solar terms of the lunar calendar is just around the lunar new year, the first day of January in the lunar calendar is called "Spring Festival" and the first day of January in the solar calendar is designated as "New Year’s Day". On December 23, the State Council passed the "Measures for Holidays on National New Year’s Day and Memorial Day", stipulating that there will be one holiday on New Year’s Day and three holidays on Spring Festival. New Year’s Day is listed as a statutory holiday and has become a national holiday.
January 1st, 1950 is the first New Year’s Day in New China. On December 31, 1949, People’s Daily reported that all parts of the country were actively preparing for cultural and entertainment activities in the New Year. On January 2, 1950, all walks of life in the capital would hold a people’s party in the whole city, and the Beijing opera industry would hold a New Year performance week, and more than 20 theaters and tea houses in the city would stage new programs. Tianjin Federation of Trade Unions and literary and art circles will hold a military-civilian get-together, a painting and calligraphy exhibition, a concert and a new drama in the New Year. The Shanghai Military Management Committee has informed all organs and organizations to hold get-togethers on New Year holidays to celebrate the victory and publicize the new tasks in 1950. Various organs, organizations and schools in Guangzhou will hold a whole-city mass worship in the New Year. The report said: "People all over the country celebrated the great victory in 1949 and welcomed the arrival of 1950 with great joy and firm determination to overcome all difficulties."
On the evening of December 31st, 1949, various democratic parties in China held a grand get-together in Huairentang, Zhongnanhai. With the coming of the New Year, people hold colorful celebrations such as New Year parties, group meetings, singing competitions, lectures, sports competitions and exhibitions with excitement. On January 3, 1950, Progress Daily reported on the topic "Celebrating the New Year in Beijing and Tianjin": "Since New Year’s Day, Beijing people, men, women and children have been celebrating the victory of the New Year, and red flags and red lights have been hung in the streets. All theaters are also full of people, especially those places where new films such as michurin and Chinese Sons and Sons are shown and new operas such as Nine Clothes and The Red Lady are sung. The audience is unprecedentedly crowded, mostly working people and housewives. People who visit the Forbidden City, the ancestral temple and the history museum are in an endless stream from morning till night. " "More than 1 million citizens in Tianjin celebrated the victory of the New Year. It snows on New Year’s Eve and clears up on New Year’s Day afternoon. All government offices, factories, shops and entertainment places are decorated with lanterns, with national flags hanging high, and a dazzling red light is full of joy. Firecrackers are ringing from morning till dusk, and they can be heard intermittently after midnight. "
A unified start, Vientiane update.
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