Focus on the development of digital civilization and build safe and credible artificial intelligence

  In today’s world, digital technology is fully integrated into all fields and the whole process of human society, and artificial intelligence has become an important symbol of human civilization and progress. At the same time, if digital technology loses its norms and constraints, it may become a "Pandora’s box" and bring certain threats to the real society. On June 26th, the main forum of Nishan Dialogue on Digital Civilization in world internet conference was held in Qufu, Jining, Shandong Province. During the conference, Chinese and foreign guests made suggestions on the topic of "building safe and credible artificial intelligence".

  Artificial intelligence will reshape the digital world.

  "The opportunities for artificial intelligence are enormous. However, with the accelerated application of artificial intelligence around the world, it is necessary for governments and organizations to consider how to best use this technology to benefit mankind and the planet. " Hong Yaozhuang, CEO of Global System for Mobile Communications (GSMA), said that on a global scale, artificial intelligence is gradually emerging as a powerful force with the potential to change enterprises and society.

  Mohammed bin Amo, Secretary General of Arab Information and Communication Technology Organization, said that artificial intelligence has revolutionary potential, which can influence and even change all aspects of life, promote innovation and make life more convenient. For example, improving efficiency through automation, providing accurate information to support wise decision-making, improving customer service and customer experience, etc.

  Talking about the rapid development of artificial intelligence, Li Yanhong, founder, chairman and CEO of Baidu, was also deeply touched. He said that in the past year, artificial intelligence has made rapid progress at all levels, such as technology, products and applications. The big model will penetrate into more and more fields. The deep integration of the digital economy and the real economy driven by the big model will make the real economy stronger, create considerable incremental value, and bring about profound changes in economic and social development and industry.

  "The birth of this GPT big model represents the arrival of general artificial intelligence and strong artificial intelligence, and it is a real emergence of intelligence." Zhou Hongyi, the founder of 360 Group, believes that the artificial intelligence model has solved all the problems of natural language processing with a set of models and algorithms, and has evolved from perception to cognition, and can understand words and languages, make analysis and planning, and traditional algorithms will be replaced. In the future, in many important fields such as autonomous driving and robot control, large language models will show their talents.

  Zhang Yong, Chairman and CEO of Alibaba Group and Alibaba Cloud Intelligent Group, said that in recent days, the general big model of global technology companies has been in full swing, pushing artificial intelligence to a new stage of development. He believes that the big model is accelerating the arrival of the intelligent era, and the real economy is the main battlefield of intelligence.

  "We are witnessing the accelerated development of artificial intelligence." Bart selman, the former chairman of the Association for the Promotion of Artificial Intelligence and a professor at Cornell University, said that GPT-4 has realized the first form of general artificial intelligence and introduced a new entity, which will inevitably change many existing social structures and mechanisms, and human beings need to rethink the impact of artificial intelligence.

  The governance challenges brought by artificial intelligence cannot be ignored.

  "We urgently need to develop and apply artificial intelligence with a high sense of responsibility to ensure that it has a positive impact on the whole society." Muhammad Ben Amo said that while enjoying the benefits brought by artificial intelligence, we must recognize that it will bring many social and ethical challenges, which need to be solved from the beginning.

  The big model of artificial intelligence not only brings universal development opportunities to the development of human society, but also brings many governance challenges, which cannot be ignored. Li Yanhong believes that the application of new technologies often precedes norms. Only by establishing and improving laws, regulations, institutional systems and ethics to ensure the healthy development of artificial intelligence can we create a good innovation ecology. Focusing on the future, while paying attention to preventing risks, we should also establish fault-tolerant and error-correcting mechanisms simultaneously, and strive to achieve a dynamic balance between standardization and development.

  In Zhou Hongyi’s view, the public big model has many shortcomings, such as lack of industry depth, easy to cause internal data leakage, unable to guarantee the authenticity of the content, unable to control the cost of the enterprise and so on. He believes that the application of large models in enterprise-level scenarios should adhere to the "auxiliary mode". However, if the GPT big model wants to be "safe and controllable", the key lies in whether the enterprise can really control it and let people’s will play a key role in the whole decision-making loop.

  At present, the global competition of artificial intelligence has entered a fever pitch. In this situation, Zhang Yong said that everyone wants to make a difference in it, but the technical and ethical issues in related fields still need to be clarified. It is also important to put on a safe brake while stepping on the accelerator. "The evolution of artificial intelligence technology must conform to social norms and bring more beauty to mankind. While pursuing technological advancement, we must adhere to the sense of social responsibility. "

  "Building a safe and credible artificial intelligence" has gradually become an industry consensus.

  Walter Fumei, Chairman of the Joint Technical Committee on Network Security and Data Protection of european committee for standardization and European Electrotechnical Standardization Committee, said that the success of artificial intelligence standardization requires a common definition of artificial intelligence vocabulary among countries, which will promote the common understanding of safe and trusted artificial intelligence.

  Enterprise-level scenarios need to build a proprietary large model that is "safe, credible, controllable and easy to use". So how to build such a proprietary big model? Zhou Hongyi said that several principles need to be adhered to: the principle of security, and enterprise-level applications must be a large model of security; Credibility principle to solve the shortcomings of accuracy and real-time performance of large models; Controllable principle, the large model should be positioned as an auxiliary tool to ensure that people are on the loop; Easy-to-use principle, solving the problem of easy-to-use needs "digital assistant with soul"; The principle of inclusiveness makes the big model a productivity tool that everyone can use.

  There are many uncertainties in innovation, some of which can be predicted before they happen; Some problems arise in development and need to be solved while developing, and solved by development. Zhang Yong said that "building safe and credible artificial intelligence" has gradually become an industry consensus, and relevant laws and regulations have been gradually improved, which has cultivated a good soil and environment for the sustainable development of technology and industry.

  Artificial intelligence will lead a new wave of technological innovation. Digital technologies such as 5G mobile communication, industrial Internet, big data and artificial intelligence have changed the way people produce and live. Liu Liehong, chairman of China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd. said that it is the common goal of the whole society to let all people share the dividends and achievements of the development of digital civilization.

  Muhammad Ben Amo believes that the future of artificial intelligence is full of hope, and it should be built around five aspects: privacy, transparency, responsibility and accountability, robustness and flexibility. In addition, we should establish a moral framework and give priority to human welfare through people-oriented design, so as to contribute to the sustainable development of safe and credible artificial intelligence.(Guangming. com reporter Li Fei Lei Yuxin)

"The whole world will watch a wonderful game."

  The picture shows Remy Boller (middle) making ice a few days ago. Photo courtesy of Capital Gymnasium

  Two different perceptions: one is fast, the other is graceful, and the two events, short track speed skating and figure skating, will share a piece of ice in the Beijing Winter Olympics. In order to create an ice surface where speed and beauty coexist in the Capital Gymnasium, Remy Boller, an ice-making expert specially appointed by BOCOG, and his colleagues from China set up a stage for athletes from all over the world to realize their dreams.

  The ice-making expert from France said in an interview that his story of becoming attached to ice-making began in 1992. At the Winter Olympics in Albertville, 16-year-old Bole set foot on the ice with an ice sweeper. "That was my first contact with ice making." Bole said. Since then, he has served many Winter Olympics and world championships and accumulated rich experience in the field of ice making.

  After completing the ice-making work of short track speed skating and figure skating in Pyeongchang Winter Olympics in 2018, Bole received an invitation from the Beijing Winter Olympics Organizing Committee and soon devoted himself to the work related to the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics, taking charge of the ice-making work of the Capital Gymnasium. "In order to present a wonderful Winter Olympics, I have worked with the China team for nearly 4 years." He said.

  Talking about the biggest challenge at work, Bole said that the Capital Gymnasium undertakes two major events of Beijing Winter Olympics, namely short track speed skating and figure skating, which have completely different requirements on the ice surface. "This requires us to study carefully to ensure that the ice surface is perfect for both projects." He explained that, compared with the brittle ice preferred by short track speed skaters, the slightly softer ice is more conducive to the flower skaters’ jumping movements. If the short-track speed skater can skate very fast and the figure skater can jump high in the competition, it proves that the ice-making work is successful.

  Bole mentioned a detail. The ice-making team will debug the ice surface temperature several times in one day. "We will adjust the ice surface condition, replace the protective mat and debug the ice surface temperature every day, so that the ice surface can reach the optimal temperature every day. In order to achieve this goal, we work closely with Chinese engineers in charge of machinery and equipment to regulate the temperature, water temperature and refrigeration system temperature. "

  In Bole’s view, every ice making is unique. "The special feature of this job is to cooperate with different teams in different venues." He said that working in Beijing was a wonderful experience.

  Built in 1968, Capital Gymnasium is the first modern gymnasium built after the founding of New China, and the first artificial indoor ice rink in China was born here. "It feels really great to look at the changes that have taken place here bit by bit!" Bole said.

  Talking about the cooperation with the ice-making team of the Capital Gymnasium, Bole said frankly that this is very exciting. "In fact, all my colleagues have great enthusiasm for ice making." He introduced that everyone came together because of their love for ice sports. "This is a pleasant cooperation, and everyone is in step. When encountering problems, everyone will rush forward and actively solve them, which is very good. " Bole said.

  Bole said that the experience of working in the Capital Gymnasium made him full of confidence in this ice and the success of this Winter Olympics. On February 4th, the first figure skating competition was held in the Capital Gymnasium. On the 5th, China won the gold medal in the short track speed skating mixed team relay final, which was also the first gold medal produced in the stadium. "There is no doubt that the whole world will watch wonderful games on this ice." Bole said.

Ten tips on Lantern Festival: What’s the difference between glutinous rice balls and Yuanxiao?

China News Network
It’s another year of Lantern Festival. Lantern Festival is one of the traditional festivals in China. In many people’s minds, "it takes fifteen years to finish the year", while in some places it is directly called "off-year".
How did the Lantern Festival come about? As a seasonal food, what are the differences between glutinous rice balls and Yuanxiao? He Shaoya, a lecturer at the School of Sociology, Beijing Normal University, said that the Lantern Festival, as an important part of the annual festival and the finale of the Spring Festival, has a close relationship with the establishment of the first day of the first month.
As for Yuanxiao and Tangyuan, which people like to eat, the shapes are similar but the production methods are slightly different. There is a folk saying that "Bao" dumplings "roll" Yuanxiao. In addition, some places will eat lettuce on the Lantern Festival, which means "making money".
Data Map: Tai ‘an Daimiao Square held folk activities such as dragon dance, lion dance and stilt walking to celebrate the Lantern Festival. Photo by Liu Shui
How did the Lantern Festival come about?
There are many opinions about the origin of the Lantern Festival. One of the more influential sayings is that the Lantern Festival originated from Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty who went to Ganquan Temple to burn lanterns to worship Taiyi God on the first lunar month.
He Shaoya said that "Historical Records of Le Shu" contains: "Han people often spend the first month in the Xin Temple as a sweet spring, and when they are unconscious, they will die in the Ming Dynasty. Meteors often pass through the altar, making 70 men and women sing. "
She believes that the origin of Lantern Festival involves complex historical and cultural elements, such as traditional production and life cycle, astronomical calendar knowledge, folk belief in the moon and the time system of "Year".
Since the formulation and promulgation of the "taichu calendar" in the Han Dynasty, the fifteenth night of the first month has become the first full moon night of the New Year. It is this round of full moon that places people’s good expectations for a good agricultural weather and a happy life.
It is an important part of the festival?
Many traditional festivals in China rely on natural time series, such as Tomb-Sweeping Day and Qingming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival and Summer Solstice, Mid-Autumn Festival and Autumn Equinox, Winter Solstice Festival and Winter Solstice.
However, He Shaoya said that the Lantern Festival did not correspond to a specific time sequence. As an important part of the annual festival and the finale of the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival’s prominent position is closely related to the establishment of the first day of the first month.
It is precisely because of the establishment of the first day of the first month that the full moon on the fifteenth day of the first month has the special significance of "the bright moon begins with a circle".
"Noisy" is the theme of Lantern Festival?
The Spring Festival is a traditional festival of the Chinese nation. Generally speaking, it includes two parts: the busy year (welcoming the new year) and the resignation year (resigning the old year). The time generally begins on the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month and ends on the fifteenth day of the first month.
Data Map: People celebrate the Lantern Festival by dancing dragons. Photo by Yang Huafeng
"Noisy" is the theme of Lantern Festival activities. There are various forms of "noisy", with noisy tourists, loud gongs and drums and bright lights.
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the people had a very lively Lantern Festival, and all kinds of musical instruments and songs and dances were staged. Gu Lu’s "Qing Jia Lu" records that "before and after the Lantern Festival, Bihu played gongs and drums, and it was written, which was called the Lantern Festival".
Besides, there are fireworks. According to the Records of Shuozhou written by Yongzheng in Qing Dynasty, the folk "set up Aoshan Mountain, burn flourishing fires, put up lanterns and flowers, and have a feast among groups", which is called "Lantern Festival". After this "noise", people return to daily life again.
"Tangyuan" is also called "floating dumpling"?
If we want to talk about the seasonal food of the Lantern Festival, we have to mention "glutinous rice balls".
Tangyuan, also known as Yuanzi, Tangtuan, etc. According to the records, "People in Beijing regard fermented bean powder as a branch to make soup, boiled glutinous rice as pills, and candied rice as mash, which is called’ Yuanzi’."
The "dumpling" here is the later glutinous rice balls, but the practice and eating method are different from now. At that time, the dumplings were not stuffed, and they were eaten with sugar syrup.
In the Song Dynasty, Zhou Bida wrote a poem, "It seems that the predecessors of Yuanxiao boiled floating dumplings never endowed this sitting room with four rhymes", which mentioned: "The stars are in the dark clouds, and the beads are floating in the turbid water." Floating dumplings are glutinous rice balls, and cooking floating dumplings during the Lantern Festival symbolizes a full moon and happiness.
"Tangyuan" and "Yuanxiao" are stupid and unclear?
Yuanxiao and Tangyuan are similar in appearance, but their making methods are different.
He Shaoya introduced that after the Ming Dynasty, the so-called round sub-category seasonal food in the Song Dynasty was also called glutinous rice balls and Yuanxiao. The name of "Yuanxiao" is mainly popular in the north, and it is often called "Tangyuan" in the south.
"Clear-handed banknotes" says: "Tangyuan is called dumplings, and northerners call it Yuanxiao, which is a must-eat on the evening of the above yuan." As far as the production method is concerned, there is a folk saying that "dumplings are wrapped" and "dumplings are rolled".
There are also some differences between the two in stuffing. Yuanxiao is mostly sweet stuffing, including bean paste and black sesame seeds. Tangyuan is sweet, salty, meat and vegetarian, such as fruit and meat.
Data Map: The picture shows the cartoon dumplings made. Li yanran
With the development of the times, the fillings of Yuanxiao and Tangyuan are more abundant. Some merchants have introduced Yuanxiao with various novel flavors, and some have also introduced low-sugar and xylitol Tangyuan.
What other foods are there?
In terms of diet, the custom of Lantern Festival presents a colorful side.
For example, in some places, noodles are eaten during the Lantern Festival, also known as "lamps". "Dengzhaner" is generally composed of two parts, the bottom is a small cake made of sticky yellow wheat, and the wheat straw section wrapped in yellow paper is inserted on it, and the yellow paper is dipped in cooking oil for burning.
On the day of Lantern Festival, people light lamps and put them on windowsills and doorways at home to pray for good luck. After lighting the lamps, yellow wheat’s cookies are left for frying or frying cooked food.
In Guangdong, lettuce is popular in Lantern Festival. Lettuce is homophonic with "making money" in order to win a good title, and hope that the cause is developed and the financial resources are rolling.
He Shaoya said that in Yangzhou and Nantong, Jiangsu, there is a saying that "the lanterns are round and the lanterns are falling", which means that on the thirteenth night of the first month, the lanterns are lit and the dumplings are eaten; On the eighteenth day of the first month, when the lights go down, you should eat noodles. In Taizhou, Zhejiang Province, people eat bad soup during the Lantern Festival.
Is Lantern Festival an ancient carnival in China?
Lantern Festival is known as the carnival in ancient China, and its carnival is rare in traditional festivals.
In ancient cities, there was a curfew, and at night, Jin Wu (a ceremonial stick bearer) was on duty. However, during the Lantern Festival, the official gives holidays and night tours to facilitate the viewing of the lanterns. At this time, officials, people, gentry, men, women and children went out of the family, feasting and having fun, and enjoying the night tour.
In the Tang Dynasty, Liu Su’s "A New Story of the Tang Dynasty" said: "On the occasion of the Dragon, the capital will look at the sun in the first month and will be decorated with lanterns and shadows. Jin Wu is forbidden and licensed to travel at night. You visit relatives and workers in Xiali, and all of them travel at night. "
Data Map: In Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province, the "matchmaker" played by an actor performed a community fire to celebrate the Lantern Festival. China News Service reporter Wei Liang photo
In addition, during the ancient Lantern Festival, women could take advantage of the festival to go to the streets and have a good swim. It is precisely because of this carnival that young men and women can get to know each other at this time, and many literary and artistic works describe the love that happened during the Lantern Festival.
In Song Dynasty, Ouyang Xiu wrote in "Born Chazi Yuanxi": "Last year, at the Lantern Festival, the flower market lights were like day. The moon rose above the willow tree, At dusk he had a tryst with me. The lantern festival on the fifteenth day of the first month of this year, the moonlight and the lights are still the same as last year. I didn’t see last year, and I cried Man Chun’s shirt sleeve. "
When did the Lantern Festival custom appear?
There is still debate in the academic circles about the finalization period of the Lantern Festival. However, it is generally believed that the Lantern Festival custom appeared in the Han, Wei and Six Dynasties. After the Tang and Song Dynasties, the Lantern Festival custom gradually flourished with the development of urban life, and many festivals and customs have been passed down to this day.
Like a lamp. "Like a Dream" records the Kaifeng area in the Ming Dynasty: "The palaces and squires put lanterns on their furniture and have a feast. There are 70 or 80 classes in the big plow (pear) garden in each family. There are light sheds in all the temples, lanterns in all the furniture, and door lights in front of the door to compete for fireworks. "
Playing with social fire is also one of the customs of Lantern Festival. Social fire is a kind of vaudeville activity to entertain the gods and people. Up to now, in Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu and other places, playing social fire on the Lantern Festival is still an important activity of the New Year Festival.
Data Map: On the Lantern Festival on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, the "Jiuqu Yellow River Lantern Array" in Ganzhou District, Zhangye City, Gansu Province lit up to celebrate the Lantern Festival. Cheng xuelei
He Shaoya, for example, said that Taolinping Flower Face Social Fire in Jingxing County, Hebei Province belongs to the martial arts social fire, which mainly focuses on performing the familiar fragments of classical masterpieces, in addition to the running ceremony.
Why do you want to "walk all diseases" at this time?
In ancient times, there was a custom of "walking away from all diseases" on the fifteenth day of the first month (or walking on the bridge, etc.), that is, on the night of the Lantern Festival, women met and traveled together, and when they saw the bridge, they thought it would help them get rid of diseases and prolong their lives.
In Liu Dong’s "A Brief Introduction to the Scenery of the Imperial Capital" in the Ming Dynasty, there is a saying: "Women walk at night to eliminate diseases, saying that they walk away from all diseases and walking on bridges."
Every Lantern Festival, some places have the custom of worshipping Zigu. Zigu is the "girl" god worshipped by ancient women. The custom of welcoming Zigu has existed since the Southern and Northern Dynasties.
In the Southern Dynasties, Liang Zonggu’s Chronicle of the Age of Jingchu said: Yuanxiao "welcomes Zigu in the evening, so as to predict the future sericulture and occupy all affairs."
How to inherit the custom of Lantern Festival?
The inheritance of festivals requires the holistic existence of many elements such as time, space and ritual activities. The sociality and publicity of the Lantern Festival are in line with the public cultural services of modern countries and contain rich traditional cultural resources.
He Shaoya said that nowadays, new technologies such as sound and photoelectricity can be combined with the tradition of lantern display and traditional lantern making process, and new technologies can be used to promote the design and manufacture of lanterns, and the "lantern market" with knowledge and interest, modernity and tradition can meet the cultural needs of the broad masses.
For another example, we can take advantage of the tradition of attaching importance to community collective entertainment and members’ communication during the Lantern Festival, and organize street communities to carry out lantern festivals, group dumplings, interactive games, etc., so as to enhance the familiarity among community members and rebuild crowd connections.
Reporting/feedback

Joke! In the NBA’s biggest dunk contest, fans shouted: I thought I was watching the Korean version.

On March 8 th, Beijing time, the NBA All-Star Competition came to an end! In the skill competition, Sabonis won the championship, and the three-point contest was the most exciting. Curry beat Conley and won the second three-point contest to tie the history. The All-Star Race ended with the mvp of the letter brother, and the most anticipated dunk contest was the most disappointing. It was really worse every time!
This year’s dunk contest is different from the past. The NBA league changed the rules and put the dunk contest in the NBA halftime. Moreover, only three players were invited to this slam dunk contest, namely, Affini Simmons from the Trailblazers, cassius Stanley from the Pacers and Obi Toping from the Knicks. I don’t know that the NBA is short of funds and can’t afford players.
According to the rules of this competition, three players can dunk twice in the first round, and five judges score each dunk in turn, and the two people with the highest sum of the two dunks advance to the finals. Originally, the number of people was not enough, and now there are fewer opportunities for deduction. What do you think will not disappoint the fans?
The first dunks of the three players are very common. Stan used a simple crotch dunk, and Topping did his best to change hands and connect the back button with a crotch, which was a little interesting. The last dunk of Simmons was completely unexpected, just a vertical bouncing dunk, and he thought he could get full marks. In fact, I didn’t know that his movements were the most common, so he was asked to take part in the dunk contest and jump by himself. It was really true.
The second dunk, Stanley, was even more speechless. After two failed dunks, he chose suicide dunks three times and a simple split dunk to satisfy himself. Simmons may know that he was sorry for the audience just now, so he chose to pay tribute to McGrady by turning 360 degrees in the air. Toping also showed his housekeeping skills and called Randall, the core player of the team, to make a leap in dunk. Both players thought they were awesome, but in fact, they were not as good as online celebrity’s dunk contest in the eyes of fans!
In the end, Simmons and Topin entered the final. Topin used up what he had learned all his life to learn a slam dunk, which everyone thought was a lock on the championship. Simmons finally appeared, and he wanted to jump high and kiss the basket before dunking, but he only gave the basket a kiss. Finally, when the results of the judges came out, everyone thought that Toping had won the championship, and the champion was actually awarded to Simmons who made a dunk mistake, which made Gordon cry for Toping. The barrage in Tencent’s live broadcast room popped up a full screen of question marks in an instant.
This slam dunk contest is really below standard, and it should be the best one ever! The netizen below commented: "I thought I was watching the Korean version!
Reporting/feedback
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issue

Mengniu aaaaaaa

Hey, Wade, really, the first wise man was ruined. Gordon Lavin’s smash is not playing now. It’s really not wonderful.

2021-03-08

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Sexy octopus brother

Wade is so great that the rules of the dunk contest have been changed for him.

2021-03-09

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Wake up from a dream

That’s not a show bounce. . . . Look carefully at his mouth. He should have wanted to kiss the basket, but he didn’t.

2021-03-08

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Clownfish from the south of the Yangtze River

Look at his evasive expression when he buckled it.

2021-03-08

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Bad luck little puma

No matter how the water champion is, it can’t be Simmons. Just because he didn’t get close enough to hide it, he will lose points. At least Tuoping still has a gap. I thought Simmons was practicing his hand.

2021-03-08

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Bad luck little puma

With Simmons’ jumping height, it is not as good as the last button, and it is better to hang it for a while.

2021-03-08

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Little singer QqlrU

It’s buckled well. Is it useful? No, it’s still 9 points

2021-03-08

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Atongzai

Wei buqun

2021-03-08

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Qing aoxuan pQ

Simmons is just a show of jumping, and the last one has no skills except jumping.

2021-03-08

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Yi Xin yi Ji

Wade ruined the dunk contest, and the great god didn’t dare to participate. A group of minions sensationalized.

2021-03-09

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Yan Yanji

Because no one wants to play this all-star game, the main game is the same as a three-point contest.

2021-03-08

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Analysis of Pei Pei 8T

Three words, spicy eyes

2021-03-08

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yjq10408070107

It is better to let online celebrity deduct it. On dunk, online celebrity is really strong, at least he is a professional.

2021-03-09

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123q456f3

Not as creative as Zhang Guowei’s foot dunk!

2021-03-09

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939470

Cuisine Xu Kun is more powerful than him.

2021-03-09

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Dada mountain

I don’t understand, like a clown, go to the playground and perform.

2021-03-10

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A outspoken a

Sparse

2021-03-09

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Cuolei aE

Wei is ruined.

2021-03-10

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Criminal Jun Qi U1

This ball is good, I give 9 points.

2021-03-09

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Baidu netizen 282534e

Curry participated, and maybe Curry will win the championship.

2021-03-09

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There is no more.

The three ministries and commissions issued a series of policies to encourage consumption, and the automobile industry became the focus.

one

  Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission and other three ministries and commissions issued a series of policies to encourage consumption to promote the upgrading of key consumer goods such as automobiles, household appliances and consumer electronics. Among them, the cost of new energy vehicles is greatly reduced, and it is strictly forbidden to introduce new car purchase restrictions in various places. All localities are not allowed to restrict or purchase new energy vehicles, and so on. What is the background of the "prohibition order"? How much automobile consumption potential is expected to be released? How should all localities do a good job in implementation? Our reporter interviewed relevant experts — —

  A few days ago, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Commerce issued the Implementation Plan for Promoting the Updating and Upgrading of Key Consumer Goods and Smooth Resource Recycling (2019— 2020) (hereinafter referred to as the "implementation plan"), put forward a series of measures to promote automobile consumption, which aroused social concern.

  Consumption potential needs to be released

  The "Implementation Plan" proposes that, on the one hand, all localities should not impose restrictions or purchase restrictions on new energy vehicles, and those that have been implemented should be cancelled. Encourage local governments to give support to car-free families to purchase the first home new energy vehicle. On the other hand, it is strictly forbidden to introduce new automobile purchase restriction regulations in various places. Local governments that have implemented automobile purchase restriction should speed up the shift from restricting purchase to guiding use according to the effect of urban traffic congestion, pollution control and traffic demand control.

  "This policy is highly targeted, which is not only a major positive for new energy automobile enterprises, but also means that there will be no new cities with restricted purchases in the future, which is conducive to breaking the barriers to passenger car consumption." Cui Dongshu, secretary general of the National Passenger Car Market Information Association, said.

  At present, how big is the automobile consumption potential of cities with restricted purchases? Li Xianjun, director of the Tsinghua University Automobile Development Research Center, said that as of the end of March 2019, the number of effective applications for waiting for lottery cars in Hangzhou had reached 819,000, including 802,000 individuals; As of April 26, 2019, the number of valid applications for waiting for lottery cars in Shenzhen has reached 1.227 million, including 1.209 million individuals, which is equivalent to the annual sales of passenger cars in Russia; As of April 8, 2019, there were 3.689 million car purchases in Beijing, including 3.209 million individuals, which is more than the demand of European countries in one year.

  "The above three cities have a total of 5.735 million lottery numbers. If this part of the car purchase potential can be released, it will account for 20.4% of domestic car sales last year and 24.8% of passenger cars." Li Xianjun said, "Even if an average family of three people participate in the lottery at the same time, the potential purchasing power will reach 1.91 million, which is expected to contribute 6.8% to the increase in automobile consumption."

  The "Implementation Plan" also emphasizes that localities should reasonably set up congestion areas in combination with road congestion and guide their use. "Intelligent management of vehicle traffic should be realized, and the number of times vehicles enter congested areas should be restricted to prevent excessive use of motor vehicles." Li Xianjun said.

  Aim at pain points and promote consumption

  "In addition to canceling the restrictions and purchases of new energy vehicles, the" Implementation Plan "also proposes to vigorously promote the electrification, intelligence and greening of the automobile industry, and strive to enhance the supply guarantee capability of new products." Wu Songquan, chief expert of China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd. and deputy chief engineer of Information Institute, believes that the Implementation Plan focuses on many bottlenecks and difficult problems in the consumption of new energy vehicles and clearly puts forward targeted measures.

  In view of the cost of new energy vehicles, the "Implementation Plan" proposes that the cost of new energy vehicles should be greatly reduced. Specific measures include accelerating the research and development and industrialization of a new generation of vehicle power batteries, improving the energy density and safety of batteries, gradually realizing battery platformization and standardization, and reducing battery costs. Guide enterprises to innovate business models, promote the separation of consumption modes of new energy vehicles, such as battery leasing, and reduce the cost of car purchase. Optimize product access management, avoid repeated certification, and reduce enterprise operating costs.

  "The key to reducing costs lies in batteries, which is also an important factor restricting the development of new energy vehicles at present." Cui Dongshu said that it was planned that the battery density of new energy vehicles would reach 260 WHr/kg in 2020, but it is still difficult now, so it is necessary to increase research and development.

  In view of the "anxiety" in the use of new energy vehicles, the "Implementation Plan" proposes to speed up the development of new energy vehicles with convenient use. Specific measures include focusing on pain points such as short driving range and long charging time, drawing lessons from the power exchange mode and application experience in the public service field, and encouraging enterprises to develop new energy vehicle products with the combination of charging and replacing, flexible battery configuration and long driving range. Promote the development and application of high-power fast charging, wireless charging, mobile charging and replacing electricity and other technical equipment, and improve the convenience of charging and replacing new energy vehicles.

  Cui Dongshu believes that the development of new energy vehicles is characterized by the rapid increase in driving range and the obvious large-scale vehicles. At present, the development of micro-electric vehicles is slow and there is a big demand gap. Therefore, the "Implementation Plan" emphasizes that the development of new energy vehicle products that take into account the length of driving range is not only in the right direction, but also forward-looking.

  The "Implementation Plan" also proposes to speed up the update of vehicles in urban public areas. Promote the upgrading of vehicles in urban public areas, accelerate the use of new energy or clean energy vehicles for new and updated buses, sanitation, postal services, taxis, commuting and light logistics distribution vehicles in urban built-up areas, and reach 80% in key areas for air pollution prevention and control by the end of 2020. Encourage local governments to increase support for the operation of new energy vehicles and reduce the use cost of new energy vehicles.

  "In key regional cities for air pollution prevention and control, new energy or clean energy vehicles will account for 80% of vehicles used in the public sector. This is a rigid indicator and will have a huge pulling effect on the new energy automobile industry." Cui Dongshu said.

  "The" Implementation Plan "puts forward a series of measures to promote the consumption of new energy vehicles, focusing on the bottlenecks and pain points of current automobile consumption, especially new energy vehicle consumption, which is of great significance for promoting the upgrading of key consumer goods such as automobiles." Wang Qing, deputy director and researcher of the Institute of Market Economy of the State Council Development Research Center, said that the introduction of the "prohibition order" meets the needs of consumers and the market, which is conducive to the overall consideration of the combination of long and short, and promotes the upgrading of consumption.

  Guangzhou and Shenzhen took the lead in responding.

  The "Implementation Plan" also proposes to innovate and develop smart cars; Accelerate the elimination of old cars and the renewal of vehicles in urban public areas, and actively promote the upgrading of rural vehicle consumption; Vigorously promote the circulation and consumption of used cars, actively guide the innovation of auto financial products, and gradually improve the infrastructure such as charging and replacing electricity and parking.

  Cui Dongshu said that this policy has a good guiding role in the development and market of new energy automobile industry, and it is good for local governments, enterprises and consumers. The key lies in how local governments introduce specific measures to further refine and implement them.

  In January this year, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Transport and other ten ministries and commissions jointly issued the "Implementation Plan for Further Optimizing Supply, Promoting Steady Growth of Consumption and Promoting the Formation of a Strong Domestic Market (2019)", focusing on six measures to promote automobile consumption. Among them, the requirements for the gradual liberalization of the automobile purchase restriction policy are included.

  Up to now, Guangzhou and Shenzhen have taken action. On June 2, Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of Transportation and Guangzhou Municipal Bureau of Transportation respectively issued the Notice on Increasing the Allocation Quota of Incremental Indicators for Small and Medium-sized Passenger Cars. Starting from June this year, Shenzhen will increase the allocation quota of incremental indicators for ordinary cars by 40,000 per year from 2019 to 2020 on the basis of the original regulation target of 80,000 per year. On the basis of the original quota, Guangzhou will increase the number of small and medium-sized passenger cars by 100,000 from June this year to December 2020.

  "The market is one of the core elements of industrial competition." Li Xianjun pointed out that automobile is one of the industries with the largest impact coefficient on the national economy, the strongest employment, the most remarkable development of related industries and the strongest ability to integrate new technologies. At present, the number of cars with 1,000 people in China is more than 170, which is not only far lower than that of developed countries, but also lower than the world average. This means that there is still much room for growth in China’s automobile consumption. Especially with the rapid development of new technologies and the emergence of new products, China’s automobile industry contains great innovation vitality and potential. Therefore, we should constantly optimize the consumption environment, smooth the recycling of resources, continuously release the potential of domestic demand, further promote the upgrading of automobile consumption and promote the formation of a strong domestic market.

funny

One day, Xiaoming came to a magical toy store. He was filled with joy when he saw all kinds of interesting toys on display in the shop. He went to the counter, and the shopkeeper smiled and said to him, "Which toy do you like, little friend?"

Xiao Ming’s eyes lit up and pointed to a small plane on the counter and said, "I want that plane!" "

The shopkeeper nodded, took out a small box and put the plane in. Xiao Ming happily took the box and was ready to pay the bill and leave.

Just then, the shopkeeper suddenly said, "little friend, I want to tell you a secret." This plane is magical. As long as you press its button, it will fly into the sky and take you anywhere you want. "

Xiao Ming was shocked. He couldn’t believe his ears. He couldn’t wait to press the button, and in an instant, the plane released dazzling light and broke through the sky.

Xiaoming was pleasantly surprised to find himself in a beautiful fairyland. He saw colorful rainbows, smelled a garden full of flowers and met a group of friendly animals.

He played with the animals for a while, and then decided to see the highest mountain in the world. The plane successfully took him over the mountains and valleys, across the vast sea, and finally stopped at the peak of a snowy mountain.

Xiao Ming stood at the top of the mountain, overlooking the beautiful scenery, filled with joy and gratitude. He realized that this plane not only brought him joy, but also taught him an important truth: as long as you have dreams and courage, you can surpass yourself and explore the unknown world.

When Xiao Ming returned to the toy store, he said to the shopkeeper with emotion, "Thank you for giving me this wonderful plane, which made me understand the meaning of courage and exploration."

The shopkeeper smiled and said, "son, this plane is just a symbol. The real magic lies in your inner courage and infinite imagination." Remember, as long as you believe in yourself, you can fly anywhere you want. "

Xiaoming nodded gratefully. With full of courage and dreams, he walked out of the toy store, ready for the future adventure.