Nine tips on Double Ninth Festival: Why is it also called Ascending Festival?

  BEIJING, Beijing, October 4 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) The Double Ninth Festival, a traditional festival with a long history in China, has always been highly regarded.

  Cheng Peng, an assistant researcher at the Institute of Literature, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, believes that climbing high to enjoy autumn and giving thanks to respect for the elderly are two important themes of the Double Ninth Festival. In addition, there are activities such as sunbathing in autumn, flying kites, eating Chongyang cakes and drinking chrysanthemum wine.

  How did the name of Double Ninth Festival come from?

  Double Ninth Festival is also called Ascending Festival, Double Ninth Festival, Chrysanthemum Festival and so on, which means peace, health and longevity.

Data Map: Double Ninth Festival. People came to the Tengwangge tourist area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and climbed high to pray. <a target='_blank' href=https://news.cctv.com/2022/10/04/'/'><p class=

  Data Map: Double Ninth Festival. People came to the Tengwangge tourist area in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and climbed high to pray. China News Service reporter Jiang Tao photo

  Regarding the origin of the name of the Double Ninth Festival, Cheng Peng said that in the Book of Changes, the number of "nine" is yang, and the number of "nine nine" is heavy, so it is called "Chongyang"; It is also called "double ninth" because the day and the month all meet nine.

  When can the origin of the festival be traced back?

  According to Cheng Peng, the existing written records about the custom of Double Ninth Festival were first found in Ji Qiu Ji in Lu Chunqiu, which recorded the activities of the ancients in offering sacrifices to the heavenly emperor and ancestors in September.

  According to textual research, the origin of the Double Ninth Festival can be traced back to ancient times, when there were ritual activities of worshipping the gods and ancestors in the season and autumn. In the Han Dynasty, the custom of Chongyang was further popularized.

  Is it related to the ancient ceremony of offering sacrifices to the "fire"?

  It is said that one of the prototypes of the Double Ninth Festival is the ancient ritual of offering sacrifices to the "fire".

  Cheng Peng said that "Fire" (Antares) is the time coordinate used by the ancients to determine the signs of seasonal production and seasonal life. In ancient times, according to the orbit and position of the sun, the moon and the stars, people divided the astrology near the ecliptic into 28 groups, commonly known as "Twenty-eight Hostages".

  In the east, the horn, the horn, the room, the heart, the tail and the dustpan form a complete dragon-shaped astrology (seven nights in black dragon). In the season when the "fire" in the autumn and the autumn retires, people should hold corresponding farewell ceremonies.

Data Map: The picture shows the people expressing their blessings on the Double Ninth Festival according to the Qin ceremony, antique system and traditional Chinese etiquette. <a target='_blank' href=https://news.cctv.com/2022/10/04/'/'><p class=

  Data Map: The picture shows the people expressing their blessings on the Double Ninth Festival according to the Qin ceremony, antique system and traditional Chinese etiquette. China News Service reporter Zhang Tianfu photo

  With the development of society, people have a new understanding of the seasons, and the ceremony of offering sacrifices to Vulcan in September gradually declined.

  How deep is the connotation of the Double Ninth Festival?

  The Double Ninth Festival is a festival with profound connotations. As time goes by, its customs are constantly enriched and developed.

  Cheng Peng explained that the written record of the name "Double Ninth Festival" began in the Three Kingdoms period. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, the festive atmosphere became stronger, and there were written records of chrysanthemum appreciation and drinking customs.

  For example, Tao Yuanming said in the preface to the poem "Nine Days of Idleness": "I am idle and love the name of nine. Autumn chrysanthemum is full of gardens, but it is awkward, and it is empty for Jiuhua, and it is cherished by words. "

  In the Tang Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was designated as an official festival. From then on, the court and the people celebrated the Double Ninth Festival together and held various activities during the festival. In the Song Dynasty, the Double Ninth Festival was more lively. The Dream of China in Tokyo recorded the grand occasion of the Double Ninth Festival in the Northern Song Dynasty.

  How did the ancients celebrate the Double Ninth Festival?

  Chongyang can be regarded as one of the landmarks in the transition of autumn and winter in people’s lives, and festival customs are carried out around people’s feelings at this season.

Data Map: Flying kites in Hanfu Girls' Double Ninth Festival. Liu kegeng photo

  Data Map: Flying kites in Hanfu Girls’ Double Ninth Festival. Liu kegeng photo

  It is an important custom of this traditional festival to climb high and look far. Cheng Peng said that the custom of climbing on Chongyang Mountain mainly stems from the climate characteristics at this time and the ancient people’s worship of mountains. In ancient times, there were customs such as climbing to pray for blessings, worshipping gods and ancestors, and drinking and praying for longevity on the Double Ninth Festival.

  In the Qing Dynasty, it was a custom for Beijing to celebrate the Double Ninth Festival by sticking chrysanthemum branches and leaves on doors and windows, "to remove evil and filth to attract good luck".

  What’s so particular about Chongyang cake?

  Chongyang cake is one of the delicacies at this time. It is also called flower cake, chrysanthemum cake and five-color cake, and the system is arbitrary. Cheng Peng said that the exquisite Chongyang cake should be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, with two lambs on it, so as to conform to the meaning of Chongyang (sheep).

  Sometimes, people will put a little red paper flag (instead of cornus) on the Chongyang cake and light candles. Replace the meaning of "climbing" with "lighting a lamp" and "eating cake".

  Nowadays, there are still no fixed varieties of Chongyang cakes, and the soft cakes eaten in various places on the Double Ninth Festival are called Chongyang cakes.

  What is the meaning of chrysanthemum wine?

  In addition to all kinds of cakes, chrysanthemum wine is also popular with people.

Data map: Children and the elderly make Chongyang cakes together. Photo by Meng Delong

  Data map: Children and the elderly make Chongyang cakes together. Photo by Meng Delong

  Cheng Peng introduced that chrysanthemum wine was regarded as an "auspicious wine" for double ninth festival in ancient times. Chrysanthemum wine is a medicinal liquor, with a slightly bitter taste, which can make people clear their eyes and wake up after drinking, and has auspicious meaning of dispelling disasters and praying for blessings.

  Why wear a cornus?

  Cheng Peng said that among the many customs of the Double Ninth Festival, the custom of inserting Evodia rutaecarpa is relatively widespread, which is mainly popular in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Huaihe River and Yangtze River Basin.

  Evodia rutaecarpa and chrysanthemum morifolium were very common in the Tang Dynasty. It is said that cornus has a strong fragrance, which has the functions of improving eyesight and refreshing brain, and can eliminate food stagnation and treat cold and heat.

  The ancients believed that climbing a mountain and inserting dogwood on the Double Ninth Festival could drive away insects, damp and wind evil. So he put cornus on his arm or ground it in a sachet, and put it in his head. Most of them are worn by women and children, and men in some places also wear them.

  How can traditional festivals be passed down?

  The ancients had the custom of feasting and praying for longevity on the Double Ninth Festival, which pinned people’s wishes for the health and longevity of the elderly, while activities such as climbing mountains and flying paper kites also reflected people’s wishes for health and longevity.

  Cheng Peng said that now the Double Ninth Festival is also a festival for the elderly, which is endowed with the connotation of respecting the elderly. The inheritance of festivals should not only follow the cultural core of ancient customs, but also conform to contemporary values.

  He believes that feasting for the elderly, drinking and praying for longevity, or taking the elderly to climb mountains appropriately, enjoying chrysanthemums, drinking chrysanthemum tea or chrysanthemum wine, eating Chongyang cake, etc. are all important forms of inheriting the custom of Chongyang. (End)

Cold air! Smog! Typhoon! Snowfall! What’s the weather like there?

  CCTV News:Today, the north will welcome a cold air, and the wind will cool down in most areas; There are moderate haze in Beijing, Liaoning and Shandong, and severe haze in some areas, and the air quality will be improved this weekend; There is still heavy rainfall in Hainan, and typhoon Sally Jia is approaching step by step.

  △ Screenshot of the website of the Central Meteorological Observatory

  Strong cold air hits the north and the local temperature drops by 12℃

  

  Starting today, a medium-intensity cold air will affect most parts of northern China from west to east, bringing strong winds and cooling weather. Among them, northern and eastern Xinjiang, most of northwest China, most of Inner Mongolia, northern North China and northeast China will have a temperature drop of 4 ~ 8 degrees successively, and the local temperature drop in northern Xinjiang can reach 10 ~ 12 degrees.

  On 16th-17th, this cold air will arrive in Northeast China, when the highest and lowest temperatures in Northeast China will drop to the level close to the same period of the year.

  Reminder: When the temperature drops, you should put on more clothes, not just manners but temperature!

  In many places in Xinjiang, the temperature in Urumqi fell below freezing point.

  Xinjiang is the key area affected by this cold air, with strong winds, cooling, rain, snow and dust almost all coming into battle. For Xinjiang, this will be the strongest cold air in the second half of this year. From the night of 14th to the early morning of 15th, the minimum temperature in Urumqi, the capital city, will drop to about 0℃, which is the lowest temperature since the second half of this year, and the first frost appears in some areas.

  

  Affected by it, it is expected that most areas in northern Xinjiang will experience the process of rain to sleet or pure snow today and tomorrow, especially along the northern side of Tianshan Mountain, where there will be moderate to heavy snow. There may be sleet in Urumqi today, which will be the largest first snow in northern Xinjiang since the second half of this year.

  Reminder: The process of rain and snow will cause some roads to freeze, reduce visibility and make the roads slippery, so you need to slow down when driving.

  The local visibility of Beijing’s heavily polluted days is less than 500 meters.

  Before the arrival of cold air, the haze weather in North China, Huanghuai and other places will continue. Today, there are moderate haze in Beijing, northern Tianjin, eastern Liaoning and southern Shandong, and severe haze in some areas. From tomorrow, due to the influence of cold air and rainfall, the haze weather in the above areas will gradually weaken and dissipate.

  

  △ On October 14th, Beijing issued a yellow warning with local visibility less than 500 meters. (Photo from vision china)

  This morning, the relevant departments in Beijing issued a yellow warning of haze, a blue warning of heavy air pollution and a yellow warning of heavy fog. The visibility in Beijing is about 1 km, and the local area is less than 500 meters. The relative humidity of the air is close to saturation. Remind the public to do a good job of health protection such as wearing masks when going out, and reduce outdoor sports.

  Tomorrow, there will be light rain in Beijing, which can remove pollutants to a certain extent, but the effect is limited. After the rain, it will cool down, but there is no obvious "north wind". On the 16th day after tomorrow, the wind will turn to the north wind, and the wind force is expected to be two or three levels.

  

  △ On October 13th, Beijing was shrouded in smog. (Photo from vision china)

  Reminder: Patients with respiratory diseases should minimize going out and wear masks when going out; Wash your face, rinse your mouth and clean your nasal cavity in time after going out, and remove the pollution residue attached to your body.

  There is still a heavy rainfall typhoon "Sally Jia" near Hainan. 

  Affected by the tropical depression and cold air in the South China Sea, the rain in Hainan was strong yesterday, with heavy rains in many places and heavy rains in the central and eastern regions.

  

  According to the monitoring of the Central Meteorological Observatory, the tropical depression in the South China Sea has landed on the central coast of Vietnam this morning, but its residual system will still be combined with cold air, bringing strong winds of magnitude 7-8 to the Taiwan Province Strait, the northern part of the South China Sea, the Beibu Gulf, the Qiongzhou Strait and the coastal areas of Hainan, Guangxi, Guangdong and Fujian. The gusts in some sea areas and regions can reach 9-10, and there will be heavy rain or rainstorm in the southeast of Hainan Island.

 

  △ On October 14th, qionghai city, Hainan Province, aerial photography was taken of villages surrounded by floods and soaked fields in Jiaji Town. (Photo from vision china)

  In addition, this year’s No.21 typhoon "Sally Jia" was generated in the east of the Philippines last night. It is expected to approach the eastern coast of Luzon Island in the Philippines, land on the above coast from the night of 15th to the morning of 16th, then pass through the Philippines, enter the eastern South China Sea on the evening of 16th, and gradually approach the eastern sea of Hainan Island, with increasing intensity. From the afternoon of 18th to the night, it will land or pass through the southeast of Hainan Island with the intensity of typhoon to strong typhoon, and it is also possible to sail westward from the offshore of the south of Hainan Island.

  

  According to China Weather Network, next week, South China may be hit by two typhoons in succession! On the far left is the tropical depression &darr;

  

  Reminder: citizens should do a good job in typhoon prevention in advance and must strengthen their own safety precautions; The ship should obey the command and take shelter in the shelter; Stop all dangerous operations at high altitude and outdoors.

Comedy dominates the Christmas file Aniston’s new movie box office beats Pete (photo)


Marley and I brought a lot of happiness to the audience.



Marley, the puppy, gets into trouble everywhere.



Stills of "Rejuvenation"


  Jennifer Aniston finally confronted her ex-husband Brad Pitt.


  During Christmas, the comedy Marley and I starring Aniston was released in North America, which happened to coincide with Pete’s new film "Rejuvenation". In the end, Aniston’s sweet revenge, "Marley and I" became the top box office winner in North America last weekend with 37 million dollars, while "Rejuvenation" ranked third with 27 million dollars.


  It is reported that on Christmas Day, a total of five new films premiered, which is rare in Hollywood history. In addition to the comedy Marley and Me produced by Fox Pictures and the fantasy film Rejuvenation produced by Paramount, there are also Disney’s family adventure film Bedtime Story, MGM’s historical film Assassination of Hitler and Lionsgate’s action film Ghost.


  In the economic downturn, the box office appeal of comedies is once again highlighted. After Mr. Nice Guy starring Jim Carrey topped the box office list the week before, the comedy film Marley and I once again verified the law that comedy is an evergreen tree at the box office last weekend. It is worth mentioning that "Marley and I" earned $14.68 million on Christmas Day, breaking the Christmas box office record of $10.2 million set by the biopic "Muhammad Ali" in 2001.


  Marley and I is based on American best-selling novels, starring owen wilson and Jennifer Aniston. The film tells the true story between man and dog: Marley, a Labrador adopted by a young couple, causes trouble everywhere, but Marley’s kind and loyal nature makes his owner experience the true meaning of life.


  The adventure film "Bedtime Story" followed closely, ranking second in the box office list last weekend with $28 million. The film tells the story that Skeeter, the protagonist, made up some fairy tales to put his nephew and niece to sleep, and these short stories were fulfilled one by one.


  Although the film "Rejuvenation" starring Pete ranked third, it has a good reputation and is considered as a popular film in the 81st Oscar. The historical film "Assassination of Hitler" starring the famous movie star Tom Cruise ranked fourth at the box office with $21 million. Based on the historical facts of World War II, the film tells the tragic story that German army officers were killed after the attempted assassination of Hitler. Tom Cruise plays the hero who attempts to assassinate Hitler in the film, and critics think that his superstar’s brilliance overshadows his role, thus affecting the box office performance.

Editor: Sun Jie