On June 1 ST, let’s talk about those "dangerous things" about children

Every parent attaches great importance to the healthy growth of children. They will be very careful in eating, wearing and using. Today is Children’s Day, so let’s talk about the "dangerous things" about children.

Toy articles

Children can’t grow up without toys, such as dolls, building blocks and water guns, but not all toys are safe and reliable. Recently, China Consumers Association invited experts from the Secretariat of the National Toy Standardization Committee to analyze and sort out the injuries caused by common dangerous toys, and listed the magnetic beads that have been selling well around online e-commerce and schools and kindergartens in recent years (if children swallow two or more, they will attract each other in the digestive system and exert pressure on the intestinal wall). Among them, the most common dangerous toy injuries are mechanical physical injuries, chemical injuries and injuries caused by playing non-toy products by mistake.

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1. Small toy parts are easy to fall off and there is danger of swallowing and suffocation.

Small ornaments and accessories, such as buttons and marbles, which are easy to fall off in some unqualified toys, are easy to be swallowed by young children or stuffed into their nostrils, resulting in the risk of swallowing foreign bodies and suffocation.

For example, toys with marbles that are easy to fall off, magnetic beads, etc. Children who swallow two or more powerful magnets or strong magnets and other ferromagnetic objects (iron, cobalt and nickel) will be absorbed by another magnet (or ferromagnetic object) in the digestive system and exert pressure on the intestinal wall, which may cause gastrointestinal perforation or intestinal obstruction, and may be life-threatening in severe cases. In many cases, these magnetic components need to be removed by surgery, which will cause permanent damage to children’s digestive tract.

2, toys are dangerous, sharp edges are dangerous to puncture.

Some inferior toys have sharp edges, sharp points, rough burrs and other protrusions on the surface, or the toy structure is fragile, forming sharp small parts, which are very easy to stab children.

For example, some products of fingertip gyroscopes have sharp edges and sharp tips that can be touched, which may cause injuries such as scratches and pricks. Bouncing frog toys are made of thin iron sheets and contain dangerous sharp edges.

3. There is a danger of chemical pollution when toys are made of inferior materials.

Common ones are plush toys filled with unsterilized waste materials, colorful colored mud, dolls made of inferior plastics, etc. Their sanitary conditions and the migration of chemical harmful substances all pose potential dangers to children’s health.

For example, the "crystal mud" sold well in small shops around the school, some of which contain more than a certain amount of borax, may enter the human body through children’s oral and skin contact, and chronic poisoning may occur.

4. Non-toy products are mistakenly used as toys, resulting in injuries.

Children are naturally active and will use some items in daily life as toys. This kind of improper use hides great danger. For example, children’s misuse of the "laser pointer" leads to vision loss, and another typical misuse case is water sprite, also known as sea baby, bubble bead and water-absorbing bullet. This material is used for water conservation in potted plants, indoor decoration and so on. It may be mistaken for food by children, leading to swallowing or inhalation by children, suffocation, intestinal obstruction, intestinal dilatation, secondary infection, water and electrolyte disorder, and even intestinal perforation and necrosis, which may be life-threatening at any time.

5. Don’t buy and use toys according to their age.

Children of different ages have great differences in physical development and cognitive ability. Therefore, it may pose a threat to children’s safety to choose suitable products according to their age and violate the applicable age limit.

Game article

It is children’s nature to love to play. Parents playing games with their children can promote parent-child relationship, but some games have hidden risks and even threaten children’s lives. Recently, Ding Zongyi, an expert on children’s accidents and honorary president of Bayi Children’s Hospital affiliated to Army General Hospital, reminded that it is best not to play the following games with children.

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Throwing connection

Some parents like to throw their children into the air and catch them, which makes them happy. Ding Zongyi said that infants’ limbs and organs are immature, and this kind of game can easily cause harm to children. After the child is thrown up, it falls quickly and receives a great impact. The undeveloped brain tissue and the hard skull touch each other, which is likely to cause subarachnoid hemorrhage. This kind of brain damage is often not discovered by parents, and it will have a negative impact on the child’s intellectual development in the future.

"Swing" and "Pulling Radish"

Some parents will play "swinging" and "pulling radish" by holding their children’s hands or necks, thinking that it can promote their growth. Ding Zongyi said that growing up is the result of the division and proliferation of bone cells, and these two games only mechanically pull muscles and joints, so the height will not change. When the child’s head is pulled upward, the cervical vertebra may be pulled and even paraplegia may be caused; Playing "swinging" may cause dislocation or fracture of joints.

forward roll

This is a bed game that many children like to play before going to bed. Parents often think that mattresses are soft and will not hurt their children. However, in Ding Zongyi’s view, only through special training can this movement accurately grasp the technical points. Children of several years old do not have strong control over posture, and their limbs curl up and their center of gravity changes constantly during the rollover. Once they make mistakes, their cervical vertebrae and limbs are easily injured.

Riding on the neck

We can often see some fathers riding their children around their necks to see the scenery in the streets or parks. Ding Zongyi believes that it is worth encouraging parents to accompany their children to travel, but they should pay attention to the way of accompanying them. Children riding on their parents’ necks have a high position, unstable center of gravity, and are easily attracted by distant scenery, and may be distracted, unstable and fall. Therefore, in crowded places, parents should hold their children’s hands or hold them up instead of riding their necks.

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Some parents like to play head-to-head games with their children. According to the analysis of Dante Zongyi, the fontanel of the child has not been completely closed. In the process of pushing the head, the external force is applied to the head, and the intracranial pressure increases, which will affect the brain development to a certain extent. In the game, it is not easy for parents to master the strength and direction of force, which is likely to cause injuries such as cervical spine damage and retinal detachment.

Eating articles

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Two or three-year-old children, even if they don’t stumble when they are just toddlers, always fall in all kinds of fancy ways, which makes their parents doubt life in minutes.

If you are in a hurry and suddenly run, you will definitely fall. However, if you are eating when you run, and you still have sharp or fragile things in your hands, or chopsticks and spoons in your mouth, it is really too dangerous.

For example, a 3-year-old boy in Wuhan fell with a bowl while eating, and his stomach was cut open by fragments of a porcelain bowl, and his small intestine was nearly 60 cm long outside the abdominal cavity.

For example, a 2-year-old boy is running around the living room with chopsticks, and his grandmother is chasing him to feed. Hearing grandma say "grandma is going to catch up", he hurried to speed up the pace, and as a result, he fell face down to the ground, and chopsticks were inserted into his mouth alive. Chopsticks are inserted into the body for about 12cm, and the surrounding tissues are squeezed, resulting in the displacement of occipital artery, and the chopsticks are very close to carotid sheath, only 2mm, but the chopsticks do not directly stab the carotid artery.

Accidents like this are too numerous to mention. Therefore, parents must take good care of their children.

1. Set good rules when eating, and don’t run around casually.

2. Don’t give children chopsticks, spoons, forks and other tableware and knives as toys, especially when children are walking and playing, remember not to hold sharp objects.

3. When choosing tableware, try not to use porcelain bowls, glass bowls, stainless steel bowls and other fragile and scalding tableware for children to eat. It is best to choose plastic bowls and chopsticks with suction cups at the bottom, and suck them on the table without moving them to prevent cuts and burns.

4. Children under 5 years old have poor dental development and chewing ability. Try not to put nuts (peanuts, melon seeds, cashews) and other foods at home. Or children must be careful not to chase, laugh and play when eating, and not to play with food or toys in their mouths.

5. In the event of an accident of foreign body insertion, parents must be calm, do not pull out the foreign body without authorization, keep the foreign body inactive to prevent secondary injury, and then go to the hospital as soon as possible.

You can do this if you encounter an accident.

Being active is a child’s nature. In life, accidents such as bumps, scratches, sprains and animal bites may occur. Especially in summer, the clothes on the body are reduced, and a large area of skin is exposed outside, and the chance of injury will increase. How to deal with such an unexpected situation and what should you pay attention to? It is necessary to master some first aid methods.

Do not use alcohol and mercurochrome for scratches and cuts.

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Scratches on the left and cuts on the right.

Children like to jump and run around, and it is easy to scratch or cut. When this happens, don’t use alcohol, mercurochrome or purple syrup to treat the wound.

Although alcohol has strong bactericidal ability, it also has strong irritation. For the damaged tissue, it is not appropriate to disinfect it directly with alcohol, but only for the skin around the wound. And mercurochrome is not recommended, because mercurochrome is 2% mercury bromide red water solution, and people who are allergic to mercury may also cause contact dermatitis due to the use of mercurochrome. In addition, the color of the wound treated with red syrup and purple syrup often covers up the injury. If you go to see a doctor, the doctor will deal with it first, which will cause secondary pain to the child.

So what is the correct way to deal with it? When you encounter a scratch, you should first wash the wound with flowing water to wash out the foreign body in the wound. Then disinfect with iodophor, and then wrap it with medical gauze. If it is in summer, you don’t need to wrap it in gauze.

If the wound is deep and accompanied by bleeding, hemostasis measures should be taken and the bandage should be tight. See a doctor immediately afterwards.

Don’t scribble toothpaste and sesame oil on burns.

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Three grades of burns and scalds

Burns are divided into three grades, and it is more helpful to recognize the grades of burns for first aid. First degree scald, obvious pain, no edema and red skin. Second degree scald, blister formation, local wetness and pain. Third degree scald, local dryness, brown skin and no pain.

When the child accidentally burns, he should quickly avoid the heat source, and then rinse the burned area with cold water for about 15 minutes. If the scald area is relatively large and the pain is obvious, it can be soaked in water for 15-30 minutes. If it is a facial burn, you can use water of about 20℃ for cold compress.

Secondly, after flushing, cut the clothes on the injured part to avoid making the injured part worse. Then gently cover the injured area with clean gauze. In addition, the range that everyone can cover with one hand is 1% of the whole body. If the burn area is within 1% of the first degree burn, it can be treated with scald medicine and observed at home. If the burn area exceeds 1%, no matter how many burns, it needs to be sent to the nearest hospital. Don’t deal with scalded blisters by yourself.

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Five tips for dealing with burns: washing, taking off, soaking, covering and sending.

Special reminder is, don’t smear toothpaste, soy sauce, vegetable oil and other folk prescription items in everyone’s mouth. Applying these things will only aggravate the condition. In addition, ice water and ice compress are absolutely not allowed.

Don’t touch the injured part when spraining.

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If the child is accidentally sprained, the injured part should be laid flat first, and it should not be stressed. When the pain is relieved, let the child gently twist the injured part. If you move, it means soft tissue injury. If you can’t move, consider it a fracture. At this time, it is necessary to use a small board or a thicker book to fix the injured part.

If the fracture site bleeds, it needs to stop bleeding. Tighten the upper part of the wound blood vessel with gauze, and take the child to see a doctor immediately after simple treatment.

Don’t miss the 24-hour golden vaccination period for pet bites.

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Children naturally like cats and dogs. Although pets are docile now, they should not be careless. If a child is bitten by a pet, in addition to local soft tissue and muscle damage, it is even more frightening to be afraid of rabies.

If you are bitten by a pet and bleed, first of all, don’t stop bleeding. Rinse with tap water to wash away some bacteria and pathogens left in the wound as much as possible. Then the sooner you get rabies vaccine, the better. Don’t miss the 24-hour golden vaccination period.

If it is licked by a pet, observe the licked skin and see if there is any wound. If there is, you need to get rabies vaccine at the first time. In addition, the process of rabies vaccine injection is divided into five needles, which are the first day, the third day, the seventh day, the fourteenth day and the thirtieth day, a total of five times. After five shots of vaccine, you can effectively protect your body.

Don’t let the child look up with a nosebleed.

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Correct treatment of nosebleeds: lean forward and twist your nose.

For children with nosebleeds, don’t let them look up or raise their arms on the opposite side. The correct way should be to lean forward and twist your nose for 3-5 minutes to see if it stops. If it doesn’t stop, knead it in the same position for another 3-5 minutes.

If nosebleeds repeatedly, you should go to a doctor to see if it is caused by vascular malformation or other diseases.

Don’t beat your chest if you swallow a foreign body.

Foreign bodies in trachea are more likely to occur in young children. Because the epiglottic cartilage of children’s trachea and food is immature and its function is not perfect. Plus, children are curious about everything, and it is easy to put small things in their mouths.

When a child accidentally eats a foreign body, the airway is obstructed. Parents should sit down and let the child lie prone on their parents’ legs, with the upper chest and head hanging down. Parents should fix the child with one hand and pat the back between the two shoulder blades with the other hand to cough up foreign bodies in the airway.

If you are a big child, you can also use standing posture. Hold the child’s abdomen from behind, encircle his waist and abdomen with his arms, make a fist with one hand, and press the heart of the fist inward between the victim’s navel and ribs; Press the other hand on the fist, and squeeze both hands inward and upward rapidly and forcefully, repeatedly until the obstruction is spit out.

Source: Beijing Morning Post, China Women’s Daily, The Paper, Chutian Metropolis Daily WeChat WeChat official account.

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Too tired to go to work, I just want to "fish", and nearly half of the workers steal an hour every day.

Over 70% of the respondents believe that "fishing" is an inevitable phenomenon, but many managers have also come up with various ways to prevent "fishing".
Reporter | Zhou Shuqi
"Fishing", also known as paddling, usually refers to the behavior of doing nothing and being lazy during work breaks. In the past, "fishing" was a high-risk action that needed to be feared. Nowadays, "fishing" behaviors that relax oneself after work, such as chatting, brushing Weibo and online shopping, have penetrated into the daily life of people in the workplace.
On February 22nd, Worry-Free Future released a survey report on people’s "fishing" in the workplace (hereinafter referred to as the "report"). Only 12.3% of the respondents said that they did not "fish", 20.8% of the respondents thought that "fishing" should exist in a fast-paced and high-intensity work environment, and another 28.3% thought that "fishing" was not doing business or right.
Over 7 adults feel at ease when "fishing"
According to the survey data, 71.5% of the respondents believe that "fishing" is an inevitable phenomenon, but most people "fish" for a short time. 47.6% of the people in the workplace "fish" for less than one hour a day, 12.7% of the respondents fish for 2-4 hours, and less than 10% of the respondents said that the daily "fish" time will be more than four hours.
Image source: Worry-free future
From the age level, people who like to "fish" are mainly post-90 s. According to the survey, only 12.3% said that they hardly touch fish, and almost all of them are concentrated in the post-60 s -80 s, and only a handful of post-90 s choose this item.
When "fishing", more than 60% of people in the workplace said that they would not feel guilty, but they would have concerns, fearing that they would be discovered by the leaders and that their work could not be completed were the top two, accounting for 37% and 30.2% respectively; More than a quarter of the respondents were "fearless" about the consequences of "fishing".
It is worth mentioning that the survey found that the respondents’ fishing choices are diverse and evenly distributed. Chatting (16.1%) and brushing articles (13.4%) are the most popular "fishing" behaviors for people in the workplace, and people in the post-90s generation choose this "fishing" way more.
A post-90s interviewee said, "The core idea of fishing is to rest. As long as it is during working hours, the simpler way of fishing is more popular. For example, chatting in the WeChat group, eating hot-searched melons, and opening WeChat WeChat official account to read two posts. "
However, the post-80s respondents prefer to go to the tea room to make a cup of coffee and watch the scenery for a while, and 11.7% of the respondents chose this "closed fishing" method. Along with "drinking coffee to kill time" is "going to the toilet with pay". Some netizens joked that "going to the toilet with pay for 10 minutes every day will give you 5.5 days more annual leave every year."
Image source: Worry-free future
For people in the workplace, "fishing" is an effective means to fight against high-pressure work. According to the data, 26.2% of the respondents said that they "fished" because of the pressure of work and wanted to relax. An employee of a post-90 s Internet factory said: "996 has become a commonplace, and meetings after work have become a daily routine. So why not fish for a moment? A moment’s rest is to work overtime at night. "
In addition, "low hourly wage" is also a big reason for employees to choose "fishing". Many interviewees think that wages need to be measured with their efforts, and "how much money to do", especially that excessive overtime makes their "hourly wage" further reduced.
The interface workplace found that many reasons for choosing "fishing" after 70 are also because of "low hourly wages". In their view, it is more important to take care of their time. Some interviewees said that when the salary and rank are in a bottleneck period, they are under the pressure of mortgage and family, and they don’t want to risk changing the existing working environment, it is better to touch the fish and do more things they want to do.
Image source: Worry-free future
Although "fishing" has become a common phenomenon in the workplace, when it comes to whether this leisure time will become more abundant in the future, only 13.2% of the respondents think that this relaxation time will increase, while the rest of the respondents think that with the increase of work intensity and fierce market competition, the time for employees to "fish" will become less and less.
The manager personally went off to catch "fishing"
From the enterprise’s point of view, "fishing" is obviously the biggest natural enemy affecting work efficiency. In order to avoid employees being lazy, some enterprise managers have invented various ways to "monitor" employees, and even the management of large factories personally went off to catch "fishing".
In December last year, a screenshot of ByteDance President Zhang Yiming criticizing employees for "fishing" at work spread on social platforms.
Image source: Network screenshot
Zhang Yiming said in the game "Original God" group of Feishu, "I found that some students often talk about games very intently during working hours. Although the company does not prohibit occasional chatting during working hours, I am still very surprised that I have been so active in the game group for several days. "
In view of the company boss’s undercover employees’ behavior of digging out the "fishing incident", some employees in ByteDance replied to Zhang Yiming that chatting at work is an unavoidable problem, and suggested running the group chat record to see the percentage of individual members’ chatting time in working hours, and to assess whether the employees’ business responsibilities are related to the game.
In addition to the end of managers, the use of equipment "monitoring" is a common means used by enterprises. At the beginning of this year, employees of a technology company in Hangzhou broke the news on social platforms and suspected that they were being monitored by their boss with high-tech equipment. This device is an intelligent cushion that can record heartbeat, breathing, sitting posture and other data. If the cushion senses that the user is sitting incorrectly or is too tired, it will also remind the user to exercise.
However, the employee who broke the news found that the personnel department knew exactly when he left the station. I thought it was caring for employees’ welfare, but it became a tool for management to "monitor" employees. "When in the workplace, when to run away, when emotional, the boss there all the data in one hand. And HR can also look at this data. Will it be included in attendance in the future? "
Although the company said that the main function of smart cushions is to detect the health status of users, and the collected data will be kept strictly confidential, the constant monitoring of such high-tech products has caused many people in the workplace to resonate and panic.
Coincidentally, last October, a hot search was conducted on the toilet timer in Aauto Quicker. According to the picture, there is an extra timer on the top of the toilet in Aauto Quicker, which can be accurate to the second, showing how long the user has been squatting in it.
In this regard, Aauto Quicker explained, "Because of the limited location of toilets in the park, the queue of employees to go to the toilet is serious, but due to the structural limitations of the building, it is difficult to increase the construction of toilet pits in the building. This time, a timer was installed in a toilet pit to test the number and time of toilet use every day, which is convenient for judging the number of mobile toilet pits that need to be increased. "
Although there is a more reasonable purpose, as People magazine said, in the eyes of managers, toilets are the enemy of efficiency. Toilets are the most terminal part of the management system of large factories. What this system should do is to occupy employees’ bodies as long as possible, so that employees can create more productivity in unit time.
Faced with the increasingly heavy pressure of workplace work, Feng Lijuan, the chief human resources expert of Worry-Free Future, said, "The fragmentation of working hours will inevitably lead to the fragmentation of employees’ rest time. Managers should realize that the more high-pressure and high-intensity work, the more employees need space to adjust their mentality, and the more they need to give adequate rest time."
Feng Lijuan also reminded employees that when "fishing", they should also take the completion of their work as the primary premise and realize the risk of "fishing" for a long time. "If a person really has a lot of time to’ fish’, it is really necessary to be vigilant. Either there is a problem with the manager or you are likely to be included in the next batch of layoffs."
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