Teenagers smoking control: refusing to smoke the first cigarette to be a healthy and fashionable new generation.

  CCTV News:On the occasion of the 31st World No Tobacco Day, supported by the Propaganda Department of the National Health and Wellness Commission and the Department of Sports Health and Art Education of the Ministry of Education, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of chinese association on tobacco control and Beijing held a youth tobacco control activity in Beijing No.11 School with the theme of "No smoking, I am healthy and fashionable". It is understood that more than half of daily smokers in China started smoking before the age of 20. Organize youth tobacco control activities, form a youth tobacco control volunteer alliance, mobilize more young people to take action, and encourage them to take social responsibility for tobacco control in addition to not smoking themselves.

  This year’s World No Tobacco Day focuses on "tobacco and heart disease", highlighting the relationship between the use of tobacco products and heart injury and cardiovascular diseases, and raising public awareness of the impact of tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure on cardiovascular health. Every year, 18 million people die from cardiovascular diseases, and more than 2 million of them die from tobacco use. Smoking and secondhand smoke exposure are sometimes the main factors causing diseases. For example, 69 carcinogens are known to directly cause cancer, and there is sufficient evidence that smoking can cause lung cancer, oral and nasopharyngeal malignant tumors, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, renal cancer, bladder cancer and cervical cancer.

  Since the entry into force of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in China, China has made positive progress in tobacco control implementation. Eighteen cities across the country have promulgated local laws and regulations prohibiting smoking in public places, especially in Beijing, Shenzhen and Shanghai. Li Nong, deputy director of the Propaganda Department of the National Health and Wellness Commission, pointed out that China’s tobacco control implementation still faces some challenges, and the adult smoking rate is still at a high level. The survey shows that the smoking rate of teenagers in China is 6.9%, the rate of trying to smoke is 19.9%, and 180 million children suffer from the harm of second-hand smoke. We must attach great importance to adolescent tobacco control, adhere to the concept of "great health, great health" and the policy of "integrating health into all policies", adhere to the working mode of "government-led, multi-sectoral cooperation and participation of the whole society", make joint efforts of the government, schools, families and the whole society, formulate tobacco control policies, build a supportive environment for tobacco control, strengthen tobacco control health education, and create a social atmosphere conducive to adolescent tobacco control.

  The Outline of Healthy China 2030 has set the goal of "By 2030, the smoking rate of people over 15 years old will be less than 20%". Liao Wenke, vice president of chinese association on tobacco control, pointed out that in order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to strengthen tobacco control among teenagers. Only by strengthening the education of smoking control among teenagers and stopping them from smoking can we effectively reduce the number of new smokers and achieve the set goals. To strengthen adolescent tobacco control work, we must innovate educational methods and technologies, enrich educational channels and means, and popularize tobacco control knowledge in ways and means that young students can hear, understand and listen to. We should not be satisfied with publicity and education in content and form, but work hard on pertinence and effectiveness to truly implant the knowledge and concept of tobacco harm to health into people’s hearts.

  Xu Zhen, deputy director of the Department of Sports Health and Art Education of the Ministry of Education, pointed out that the Ministry of Education attaches great importance to tobacco control in schools and actively promotes tobacco control in schools from two aspects: system construction and health education. The theme of this activity is "I am healthy and fashionable if I don’t smoke". I hope that the majority of young students will take non-smoking as "fashion", take the lead in establishing new ideas in lifestyle, including interpersonal communication, take pride in non-smoking and take non-smoking as the high quality of life, and form a model of healthy lifestyle, thus driving more people in the whole society to pursue this new fashion.

  In China, more than one million people die of diseases caused by tobacco every year. Sun Jiani, an official of the World Health Organization’s representative office in China, believes that the hope of reducing smokers in China is pinned on young people, and the hope of reducing smokers in the world is pinned on China, because smokers in China account for one-third of the world’s total, and tobacco consumption accounts for 44% of the world’s total. Tobacco control in China has not only protected national health and sustainable economic development, but also made great contributions to the world. In order to realize a smoke-free future, I hope volunteers dare to say "no" to tobacco. It is expected that more teenagers will join the tobacco control team and appear on the tobacco control stage in the future, which will add new strength and inject more fresh blood into the tobacco control team in China and even the whole world.

  Deng Ying, director of Beijing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, introduced the preparation of the Youth Tobacco Control Volunteer Alliance on behalf of the Youth Tobacco Control Professional Committee. Since 2016, the Youth Tobacco Control Committee has established a youth volunteer team on a pilot basis, and organized tobacco control activities through the volunteer alliance, making students the main body of tobacco control activities, which has received great attention and affirmation from the society. In order to promote the youth tobacco control volunteer alliance to carry out activities on a larger scale, chinese association on tobacco control registered the National Youth Tobacco Control Volunteer Alliance on China Volunteer Service Network this year, calling on all governing units of the volunteer alliance to carry out the national youth tobacco control volunteer activities simultaneously during the World No Tobacco Day, and starting the recruitment activities of the National Youth Tobacco Control Volunteer Alliance before the World No Tobacco Day, calling on more young people to join the National Youth Tobacco Control Volunteer Alliance and participate in the tobacco control activities of tobacco control volunteers.

  Wu Jing, deputy director of China Health Education Center, talked with you about the harm of tobacco and how to carry out health promotion and education on tobacco control in schools from the perspective of health education professional institutions. He believes that smokers will not only inhale tobacco smoke themselves, but also spread the smoke into the air, forming second-hand smoke. A large amount of research evidence shows that smoking can lead to multiple malignant tumors and other chronic diseases, leading to abnormal reproduction and development. Most young smokers will continue to smoke when they enter adulthood, and it is difficult to quit. The younger they start smoking, the more they smoke in adulthood, and the greater the harm caused by tobacco. Therefore, taking effective measures to prevent teenagers from smoking is the key measure to curb tobacco epidemic and reduce tobacco harm.

  Wu Fengqin, Vice President of Beijing No.11 School, highly praised the youth volunteer activities for tobacco control. He believed that organizing the youth tobacco control activities through the volunteer alliance not only created a good atmosphere for tobacco control in the school, but also helped to improve the cultural quality and moral cultivation of the majority of young people, and helped them adapt to and integrate into society. The school will actively support and encourage students to join the volunteer team of youth tobacco control, and also hope that students will actively participate in and organize tobacco control activities in line with their own reality, and effectively promote the extensive development of tobacco control activities in schools.

  Zhou Rundong, a representative of youth tobacco control volunteers, introduced the previous experience of youth tobacco control volunteers’ activities, and told the gains from participating in youth tobacco control volunteers’ activities from the perspective of students, which infected the student representatives who participated in the activities with their true feelings of participating in tobacco control volunteers’ activities. Chinese association on tobacco control hired Tong Jian, the world champion of figure skating, as China’s ambassador for tobacco control, and Vice President Liao Wenke presented him with a letter of appointment. Ambassador Tong Jian made a speech on tobacco control based on his own experience: figure skating is a sport that combines strength and beauty, and both a healthy body and a beautiful posture are necessary for figure skating. Without a healthy body and a strong body, it is impossible to complete difficult training, let alone complete beautiful movements on the field. Smoking not only damages health, but also damages the beauty of human body. I hope that the majority of teenagers will pay attention to their physical and mental health, develop a healthy lifestyle of non-smoking and diligent exercise, stay away from tobacco, resolutely refuse to smoke the first cigarette, and become a new generation of "non-smoking makes me healthy and fashionable".

  At the end of the meeting, the leaders and guests jointly launched the national recruitment activity of "National Youth Tobacco Control Volunteers Alliance". At the scene, many students went to the information desk to learn about the related issues of registering young tobacco control volunteers, and some students completed the volunteer registration on the spot.

In 2023, the automobile price war hit the end, the fuel car map was cheap, and the new energy bought big brands?

After a whole year of automobile price war, it’s almost the end of the year, and some people have kept their car purchase budget. Are they still waiting for the so-called good opportunity? At least in front of the industry, there are still many potential consumers. When we are about to bid farewell to 2023, both car companies and various places have launched a new round of price reduction and subsidies to promote car consumption. So is the end of 2023 really suitable for buying a car? With this wave of promotional operations, which cars may be more worth starting?

After bidding farewell to "Golden September and Silver 10", the main car companies eagerly set off the "official surrender" wind. For example, after launching a limited-time discount of up to 20,000 to 20,000 (frigate 07) for its ocean network in November. Then in December, BYD launched a limited-time discount including fuel transfer fund ranging from 5,000 to 20,000 yuan for various models such as Han, Tang, Song and Yuan under Dynasty. This kind of large-scale official preferential strength is not an isolated case. According to incomplete statistics, the brands that have been clearly defined as "official decline" at the end of the year include Extreme Krypton, Extreme Yue, Changan Qiyuan, Zero Run, Deep Blue, FAW Toyota, Changan Automobile and so on.

In addition to these "winning numbers hit" car companies, including Volkswagen ID. series, which has been officially reduced before, and some models of Geely Galaxy and Haval "Dragon" series that we have learned from offline, also ushered in offline preferential growth in the near future. Even the operation has been reversed, and Tesla, which has raised prices many times at the end of the year, has been set off. In fact, there are also operations in the terminal, including insurance subsidies, old subsidies and new subsidies, and even the operation of picking up cars in different places to enjoy local subsidies. In short, in terms of price reduction at the end of the year, both China brands and joint venture brands, and even Tesla, which is famous for its direct operation, are showing their magic power.

As mentioned earlier, Tesla uses its own sales flexibility to "subsidize" operations in different places. It also highlights another action that is conducive to car purchase, that is, local car purchase subsidies. Since November, some places, including Nanjing, Changsha, Suzhou and Jiangxi Province, have stimulated automobile consumption by means of coupons or car purchase subsidies. The average subsidy for each car is mostly in the thousands of dollars. After all, in the context of stimulating consumption, cars, as a typical commodity, have undoubtedly become the core channel to expand domestic demand. Take the statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics as an example. In the first ten months of this year, the total retail sales of social consumer goods was 3.854 billion yuan. Among them, automobile consumption accounts for about 3.9 trillion yuan, accounting for more than 10%.

Compared with the clear purpose of promoting automobile consumption in various places, the reason why the automobile industry offered price reduction measures beyond the "Golden September and Silver 10" at the end of the year is relatively complicated. The first is the demand of car companies for impulse, such as BYD’s sales target of 3 million vehicles this year, as well as Geely’s 1.65 million vehicles and Great Wall’s 1.6 million vehicles. Domestic mainstream car companies basically still have some impulse pressure. Not to mention the joint venture brands that are facing market changes, whether for impulse or to make this year’s transcripts less embarrassing, they need to fight again at the end of the year.

Moreover, even if car companies want to be Buddhist, dealers may not take it lightly. According to the comprehensive inventory coefficient of domestic automobile dealers announced by China Automobile Association in October, it increased by 12.6% from September, reaching a high of 1.70. Interestingly, from January to October this year, domestic automobile production and sales increased by 8% and 9.1% respectively. Sales have increased, but the inventory pressure has not eased at the end of the year, but there are signs of aggravation. This can only show that the state of overcapacity of domestic cars is still obvious. As for the rest, the high probability is fuel vehicles, especially non-hot fuel vehicles. The same is the domestic sales data in the first ten months. The production and sales of new energy vehicles increased by 33.9% and 37.8% respectively year-on-year, and the market share has stabilized over 30%.

Then in this environment, can fuel vehicles still start? The answer is still yes. The impulse and inventory pressure faced by fuel vehicles are obviously higher than those of new energy vehicles at present. This means that fuel vehicles will generally come up with more attractive concessions at the terminal. For example, take the market of Audi A4L as a reference. At this stage, the landing price of its main sales models can be lowered to less than 270,000 yuan (or it involves other factors such as staging, for reference only). Just a year ago (before the purchase tax was halved last year), this price was not even enough for the naked car price after the discount. Similar scenes will be more intense next door to second-tier brands such as Cadillac, Lexus and British finidi. In short, many classic fuel vehicles or luxury fuel vehicles that once seemed out of reach seem to have entered a stage worthy of dreams for many people.

Of course, this does not mean that fuel vehicles can only buy high-end. In fact, the cost performance of low-end fuel vehicles is even higher. Because of the market of more than 250,000 yuan, fuel vehicles at least need to face the impact of various new energy vehicles. However, in the automobile market of less than 150,000 yuan, or even less than 100,000 yuan, the competitive environment of fuel vehicles will undoubtedly be more relaxed. This is not to say that there are not many options for new energy vehicles within 150,000 yuan. However, compared with the fuel car after the price reduction, there is a distinct dislocation in the product strength. For example, LaVida, Corolla, Sylphy and other classic joint-venture A-class cars, now the price of the terminal can fall steadily within 100,000 yuan. Even if there are needs such as personality and face value, players like Mazda 3 Angkeira have dropped to the level of less than 90,000 yuan early. As for the new energy vehicles with the same price, most of them are A0 players, and there is a certain gap in terms of practicality and workmanship grade. If we consider the demand for energy supplement in daily household scenes and the mileage is not exaggerated (for example, the annual mileage is about 10 thousand kilometers), then the cost performance of directly purchasing fuel vehicles will be higher.

As for new energy vehicles, considering that car companies have already held many technical measures to reduce costs, such as extended program, sodium battery, integrated die casting and so on. The main battlefield in the next stage will be that new energy vehicles will continue to put pressure on the fuel vehicle market within 150,000 yuan. In that case, unless the current preferential strength is attractive enough. Otherwise, ordinary household new energy vehicles with a price of about 150,000 yuan at this stage will still have to continue to observe. To put it simply, only when car companies are competitive can consumers make a profit. Under this logic, the middle and high-end new energy vehicles with a price of more than 250,000 yuan are relatively more cost-effective. Under the common competition between its own stock and fuel vehicles with the same price, new energy vehicles with this price are undoubtedly facing greater market pressure. Moreover, new energy vehicles at this price generally perform well in core product strength such as vehicle chip, intelligent driving hardware and battery technology. This objectively can also resist the phenomenon that the product experience is "depreciated" caused by technical iteration to a greater extent. Of course, all this is based on competitive prices and hardware, but also on brands with certain reliability. After all, the brand of new energy vehicles has also entered the initial stage of reshuffle, and with the after-sales problem, it is certainly not as "blindly greedy for cheap" as fuel vehicles.