How does the Ministry of Communications define a car ride?

  The purpose of the network car is to make a profit. Passengers propose a travel plan, calculate mileage, and charge by time. The ride is not for profit. The driver mainly proposes a travel plan and shares part of the travel expenses. Graphic production/Deng Ning

  On July 28th, two taxi industry reform documents, Guiding Opinions on Deepening Reform and Promoting the Healthy Development of Taxi Industry and Interim Measures for the Management of Online Booking Taxi Management Services, were released. Relevant persons of the Ministry of Transport re-interpreted the issues of concern to the audience, such as the implementation of local policies, the definition of network car and free ride, and fair competition of taxi network car. The relevant person in charge made it clear that the Ministry of Transport will guide local governments to formulate practical plans and set up a transition period for reform.

  On July 28th, two taxi industry reform documents — — "Guiding Opinions on Deepening Reform and Promoting the Healthy Development of Taxi Industry" and "Interim Measures for the Management of Online Booking Taxi Management Services" were issued, which aroused widespread concern. Yesterday, in the Voice of China special program "I am on duty today", Zeng Jia, deputy director of the taxi management office of the Transportation Service Department of the Ministry of Transport, elaborated on issues such as policy implementation, definition of carpooling, and competition and development of taxi network.

  Hotspot 1

  How do local policies land after the introduction of the New Deal?

  The Beijing Youth Daily reporter learned that the new regulations have a clear positioning for the development of taxis and the standardized operation of online car, but the specific implementation rules still need to be formulated and clarified by local governments. The interim measures are clear, and the new regulations will be implemented on November 1, 2016. All localities can formulate specific implementation rules according to these measures and local conditions.

  Zeng Jia, deputy director of the taxi management office of the Transport Services Department of the Ministry of Transport, said that there is a reason for delegating the specific rules of taxi management to the local authorities. Taxi management belongs to local power, and the reform adheres to the principle of territorial management, and the city government bears the main responsibility of management. Cities have different levels of economic and social development, such as traffic structure, population size, public transport level, and the number of taxis available, which can only be determined by the people’s governments of local cities according to their own actual conditions. There is no problem of delegating the power of price setting and quantity control to local governments, because this is the power of local cities, which requires local governments to adjust measures to local conditions and cities.

  The Ministry of Transport also made arrangements for the implementation of the policy. First, it held a video conference with relevant departments to mobilize the reform of the taxi industry and mobilized the reform work; Second, a training course will be held in the near future to publicize the main contents and spirit of the two documents to local management departments, clarify the operation methods of related issues in the documents, and work with local governments to promote the reform of the taxi industry; The third is to guide local governments to formulate practical plans and grasp the policy scale; The fourth is to guide local governments to do a good job in the transition plan for the transition period of reform.

  Hotspot 2

  What is the difference between a car and a ride?

  Zeng Jia believes that the network car is similar to a taxi, providing time and displacement services, which takes up road resources. However, hitchhiking makes full use of road and vehicle resources and does not increase the consumption of road resources, which is a typical way for urban transportation to reflect the sharing economy.

  What needs to be clear is that, first of all, the hitchhiking service provider generally releases the travel plan in advance, or the person who has the same travel route after the passenger releases it responds, rather than responding according to the passenger’s travel needs. Secondly, the ride reflects the goodwill and mutual assistance between people, which is obviously different from the network car operation. Finally, the ride is not for profit, and part of the travel cost is limited to fuel cost and traffic cost, rather than charging by mileage and timing.

  In addition, this reform document clearly defines the opinions of encouraging support, but all localities should formulate detailed policies in light of local actual conditions.

  Hotspot 3

  How to compete fairly between taxis and online cars?

  Zeng Jia believes that before the introduction of the policy, there were many reasons for the conflict between the old and new formats, and the lack of fair competition in the market environment was a very important reason.

  There are great differences between online car rental and traditional taxis in terms of access standards, price mechanism, vehicle safety, scrapping management, insurance system and tax payment. In particular, in order to seize the market, network platform companies seize the market through continuous huge subsidies, which in fact causes unfair competition between the two.

  Therefore, the interim measures for management have clearly defined the licensing conditions for the network car, and set licensing requirements for platforms, vehicles and personnel. At the same time, it is required not to hinder fair competition in the market, not to engage in unfair price behaviors that crowd out competitors or monopolize the market, disrupt the normal market order at a price lower than the cost, and harm the national interests or the legitimate rights and interests of other operators, and not to commit price violations. All these are aimed at forming a level playing field.

  Zeng Jia pointed out that in the long run, to solve the conflict between the two sides, it is still necessary to deepen the reform of traditional industries and standardize the development of online car rental as soon as possible to achieve healthy competition and coordinated development of the two formats. First, speed up the reform of traditional taxis, loosen the burden on traditional taxis, get rid of the disadvantages of the system and mechanism, and realize the transformation and upgrading of the traditional taxi industry by taking measures such as dynamic regulation of operation scale, restriction of taxi operation period and free use, reform of interest distribution mechanism, and adjustment of freight rate mechanism; Second, for the new format, by setting business boundaries, subdividing markets, providing high-quality services, realizing differentiated operations and gradually deepening integrated development.

  Beijing will formulate detailed rules in light of actual conditions.

  On July 28th, two new regulations on taxi reform at the national level, Guiding Opinions on Deepening Reform and Promoting the Healthy Development of Taxi Industry, and Interim Measures for the Management of Online Booking Taxi Management Services, were officially promulgated. Yesterday, the relevant person in charge of the Beijing Municipal Transportation Commission said that Beijing will resolutely implement the spirit of the two documents, seriously study and understand the requirements of the documents, and formulate relevant implementation opinions and detailed rules in light of Beijing’s reality.

  Yesterday, the relevant person in charge of the Transportation Administration Bureau of the Municipal Communications Commission introduced that the new regulations on taxi reform have an important guiding and standardizing role in the transformation and upgrading of the taxi industry in Beijing and promoting the healthy development of online taxis. Beijing will resolutely implement the spirit of the two documents, conscientiously study and understand the content requirements of the documents, formulate relevant implementation opinions and detailed rules in light of Beijing’s reality, promote integrated development, improve service levels, and meet the travel needs of the people.

  At present, there are no relevant documents for the development of online car. However, as far as carpooling is concerned, as early as 2013, the Municipal Transportation Commission issued the Opinions on Passenger Car Ride in Beijing, which made it clear that passenger car riding should follow the basic principles of giving priority to public welfare carpooling, voluntary mutual assistance among the people, safeguarding legitimate rights and interests, standardizing carpooling behavior and prohibiting illegal operation, so as to promote its healthy development.

  Six departments jointly talked about four online car companies.

  Yesterday morning, Beijing Youth Daily reporter learned from the Ministry of Transport that the Ministry of Transport, the Central Network Information Office, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, the State Bureau for Letters and Calls and other departments have jointly talked about Didi, Uber, Shenzhou and Yizhi, and asked them to clean up unqualified vehicles and drivers in accordance with the new regulations.

  Liu Xiaoming, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Transport, said that the reform and development of the taxi industry is not only a livelihood issue, but also related to social stability. After the promulgation of the two documents on deepening the reform of the taxi industry, relevant enterprises should study carefully, strictly implement relevant regulations and rectify existing problems. It is required to strictly abide by relevant laws and regulations, especially in accordance with the requirements of the newly issued two documents on deepening the reform of the taxi industry, earnestly fulfill the main responsibility of enterprises and assume social responsibility, speed up the cleaning up of vehicles and drivers that do not meet the requirements, standardize market operation behavior, operate in good faith according to law, and seek long-term development.

  He particularly emphasized that relevant enterprises should keep their promises and keep their promises. After the transition period, relevant functional departments will jointly enforce the law, intensify the crackdown on illegal operations and other illegal activities, and maintain a good market order in the taxi industry; The platform company’s failure to implement relevant requirements, violation of laws and regulations and incitement to disturb social order will be dealt with according to law, and the relevant enterprises and their responsible persons will be seriously investigated for responsibility. If the circumstances are serious, the relevant qualifications will be banned.

  This group/reporter Liu Wei