What is the so-called "basic skill" of playing table tennis? Besides hand feeling and footwork, what subjects can you practice first?

(Welcome everyone to pay attention to the collection of amateur enlightenment)

In the first few articles, we mainly start with "off-stage kung fu", and suggest that you accumulate some feelings from the aspects of ball feeling and hand feeling in order to better train on the stage. In this issue, we focus on introducing several methods of training on the stage. These subjects are necessary for playing table tennis well, and they play a vital role in action shaping, strength use, muscle memory, physical coordination and so on. Need to remind everyone that in the process of practicing all the skills and tactics of table tennis, only "serving" can be done by one person, while other subjects need the help of coaches or sparring partners. Therefore, if everyone can find one or more like-minded partners when learning table tennis, the effect of mutual help and common improvement is the best. In addition, the basic stage training is mainly based on "repetitive mode", and the best way is to "play more balls". Both practitioners and sparring partners need enough patience and relatively fixed time and energy input to adjust all kinds of errors in practice in time and finally develop a smooth and coordinated awareness of hitting the ball.

Forehand single point attack

Forehand attack is the first training subject that almost all table tennis players come into contact with. Its action is simple, but it is very important. With the foundation of "freehand swing", everyone’s practice can go from "no ball" to "with ball". In the process of forehand attack, everyone must pay attention to the integrity of the action. From the lead shot to the return, we should gradually realize the feeling of "the body’s center of gravity shifts between our legs". Don’t stand in the same place with both feet and hit the ball with only the upper body or only the arm. This exercise doesn’t require us to exert much effort, let alone to play very fast. The key point is to keep the rhythm steady, keep the movements consistent, and play hard every time. After gradually finding some feelings, everyone can improve their self-requirements in the quality of hitting the ball. For example, the hitting point of each board should be kept in front of the body, and don’t let the ball or wait for the ball; The past ball gradually changes from "breaking point" to "hitting point", that is, try to hit the ball in the same area on the opposite table, and so on.

Forehand two-point attack

Forehand fixed-point attack requires us to change our center of gravity in situ, while two-point attack begins to require everyone to "move" their feet. The "two points" mentioned here generally refer to the forehand position of the middle and right half of the table (taking the right-handed racquet holder as an example). In this training, everyone should use footwork to find a "point" to hit the ball. The footwork needed here is basically step-by-step, and the key point in practice is to strengthen the awareness of foot movement and grasp the appropriate hitting rhythm. In the process of feeding more balls, the speed of sparring partners should not be too fast, and the effectiveness and coordination of the actions of the practitioners should be taken into account.

Forehand three-point attack

The three-point forehand attack is mainly to train the consistency of forehand movements. The so-called "three points" means from the right half of the table to the middle of the table and then to the left half. In this training, we also need to use footwork to hit the ball in sports. Compared with two-point attack, the usage rate of footwork is doubled, and it is more necessary to adjust your breathing and maintain the stability of your movements. In the process of moving from right to left, everyone’s body tilt angle should be gradually increased when hitting the ball. When hitting the middle road, it can be opened 15-20 degrees on many sides and 35-45 degrees on the left half platform, so as to deepen the impression of moving the center of gravity dynamically and experience different hitting feelings at different points.

Backhand fixed point/two-point attack

The training methods of backhand attack and forehand attack are basically the same. Only in contact time, backhand fixed-point attack should not be started after everyone has just mastered forehand fixed-point. Because for amateurs, the action structure of backhand position is relatively simple, and enlightenment is relatively easier. If you just learn to fix the forehand at the beginning stage and add backhand content, it is easy for everyone to know which side to use when they encounter "live ball" in future training. Therefore, arranging the backhand fixed-point practice after the forehand attack at two or three o’clock will not only help you to know the forehand practice, but also have the foundation of moving footwork under your feet, which will be very helpful to improve the backhand quickly.

In backhand attack, the racket should hit the ball in a stable position on the chest, and hit the ball mainly in the form of "top stroke". Don’t add too many wrist movements, and don’t just dial the top, just hold the ball first and then dial it out. Need to remind everyone that the backhand is smaller than the forehand, but all the details of the action should not be lazy, such as leading, restoring, relying on the body’s center of gravity, etc., and should be complete. One board is like this, and so are many boards.

Fixed-point pendulum speed

After everyone has mastered the forehand and backhand attack skills skillfully, they can enter the "swing speed" training stage of transforming and integrating the two. As the name implies, "swing speed" means hitting the ball with forehand, then hitting the ball with backhand, and so on. When you first come into contact with this exercise, you can stand on the left half of the table, change the stroke from backhand block to forehand attack, and then return to backhand block. If you feel that it is relatively difficult to find the rhythm, you can add it to one side twice or three times. Remember not to try to be quick, or just hit the ball. You must pay attention to coordination and quality.

Two-point swing speed/fixed-point swing speed

Two-point swing speed is to connect forehand fixed-point and backhand fixed-point attack by stepping. This training requires that our footwork under our feet should be in place, our bodies should be elastic, and we can finally stand in place before hitting the ball when moving. If the feet are not in place and the hands reach the ball, then the meaning of regular practice will be lost. It is more difficult to practice without fixed-point swing. After all, this subject is very close to actual combat, or to some extent, it has been simulated actual combat. One of its difficulties is that the coverage of the hitting point is relatively large, and the other is that there are many changes in the way of hitting the ball in the hand. If any foundation is not solid enough before, you don’t have to rush to practice the swing speed without a fixed point.

There are a few tips about the above training contents: First, don’t be too hasty in the practice process, you must do it step by step, and try two points after you are skilled enough. The second is that since you start training, you should follow the most reasonable movements, and never ignore the details of the movements in order to save trouble. Otherwise, once the small problems left behind form a memory, it will definitely affect the improvement of the level in the future, and it will be difficult to rework and correct them. The third is whether all the above exercises are qualified, and the most important measure is the rate of coming to the stage and continuity. Don’t excessively pursue the speed, rotation and strength of hitting the ball.

Many fans are used to calling some practice subjects the basic skills of table tennis. In fact, this statement is not rigorous. The so-called "basic skill" is more important than an inner feeling. To give the simplest example, "staring at the ball" is a very important basic skill; When the ball is in front of us, whether our feet can move to the most comfortable position and whether our hands can be lifted to the right hitting point is also a basic skill; When you touch the ball, whether you can adjust to the best shape and make the most reliable arc through previous judgment is also a basic skill. Practice subjects are just the external manifestation of "basic skills" and a process to help us constantly strengthen our memory and techniques.