Focus on the development of digital civilization and build safe and credible artificial intelligence

  In today’s world, digital technology is fully integrated into all fields and the whole process of human society, and artificial intelligence has become an important symbol of human civilization and progress. At the same time, if digital technology loses its norms and constraints, it may become a "Pandora’s box" and bring certain threats to the real society. On June 26th, the main forum of Nishan Dialogue on Digital Civilization in world internet conference was held in Qufu, Jining, Shandong Province. During the conference, Chinese and foreign guests made suggestions on the topic of "building safe and credible artificial intelligence".

  Artificial intelligence will reshape the digital world.

  "The opportunities for artificial intelligence are enormous. However, with the accelerated application of artificial intelligence around the world, it is necessary for governments and organizations to consider how to best use this technology to benefit mankind and the planet. " Hong Yaozhuang, CEO of Global System for Mobile Communications (GSMA), said that on a global scale, artificial intelligence is gradually emerging as a powerful force with the potential to change enterprises and society.

  Mohammed bin Amo, Secretary General of Arab Information and Communication Technology Organization, said that artificial intelligence has revolutionary potential, which can influence and even change all aspects of life, promote innovation and make life more convenient. For example, improving efficiency through automation, providing accurate information to support wise decision-making, improving customer service and customer experience, etc.

  Talking about the rapid development of artificial intelligence, Li Yanhong, founder, chairman and CEO of Baidu, was also deeply touched. He said that in the past year, artificial intelligence has made rapid progress at all levels, such as technology, products and applications. The big model will penetrate into more and more fields. The deep integration of the digital economy and the real economy driven by the big model will make the real economy stronger, create considerable incremental value, and bring about profound changes in economic and social development and industry.

  "The birth of this GPT big model represents the arrival of general artificial intelligence and strong artificial intelligence, and it is a real emergence of intelligence." Zhou Hongyi, the founder of 360 Group, believes that the artificial intelligence model has solved all the problems of natural language processing with a set of models and algorithms, and has evolved from perception to cognition, and can understand words and languages, make analysis and planning, and traditional algorithms will be replaced. In the future, in many important fields such as autonomous driving and robot control, large language models will show their talents.

  Zhang Yong, Chairman and CEO of Alibaba Group and Alibaba Cloud Intelligent Group, said that in recent days, the general big model of global technology companies has been in full swing, pushing artificial intelligence to a new stage of development. He believes that the big model is accelerating the arrival of the intelligent era, and the real economy is the main battlefield of intelligence.

  "We are witnessing the accelerated development of artificial intelligence." Bart selman, the former chairman of the Association for the Promotion of Artificial Intelligence and a professor at Cornell University, said that GPT-4 has realized the first form of general artificial intelligence and introduced a new entity, which will inevitably change many existing social structures and mechanisms, and human beings need to rethink the impact of artificial intelligence.

  The governance challenges brought by artificial intelligence cannot be ignored.

  "We urgently need to develop and apply artificial intelligence with a high sense of responsibility to ensure that it has a positive impact on the whole society." Muhammad Ben Amo said that while enjoying the benefits brought by artificial intelligence, we must recognize that it will bring many social and ethical challenges, which need to be solved from the beginning.

  The big model of artificial intelligence not only brings universal development opportunities to the development of human society, but also brings many governance challenges, which cannot be ignored. Li Yanhong believes that the application of new technologies often precedes norms. Only by establishing and improving laws, regulations, institutional systems and ethics to ensure the healthy development of artificial intelligence can we create a good innovation ecology. Focusing on the future, while paying attention to preventing risks, we should also establish fault-tolerant and error-correcting mechanisms simultaneously, and strive to achieve a dynamic balance between standardization and development.

  In Zhou Hongyi’s view, the public big model has many shortcomings, such as lack of industry depth, easy to cause internal data leakage, unable to guarantee the authenticity of the content, unable to control the cost of the enterprise and so on. He believes that the application of large models in enterprise-level scenarios should adhere to the "auxiliary mode". However, if the GPT big model wants to be "safe and controllable", the key lies in whether the enterprise can really control it and let people’s will play a key role in the whole decision-making loop.

  At present, the global competition of artificial intelligence has entered a fever pitch. In this situation, Zhang Yong said that everyone wants to make a difference in it, but the technical and ethical issues in related fields still need to be clarified. It is also important to put on a safe brake while stepping on the accelerator. "The evolution of artificial intelligence technology must conform to social norms and bring more beauty to mankind. While pursuing technological advancement, we must adhere to the sense of social responsibility. "

  "Building a safe and credible artificial intelligence" has gradually become an industry consensus.

  Walter Fumei, Chairman of the Joint Technical Committee on Network Security and Data Protection of european committee for standardization and European Electrotechnical Standardization Committee, said that the success of artificial intelligence standardization requires a common definition of artificial intelligence vocabulary among countries, which will promote the common understanding of safe and trusted artificial intelligence.

  Enterprise-level scenarios need to build a proprietary large model that is "safe, credible, controllable and easy to use". So how to build such a proprietary big model? Zhou Hongyi said that several principles need to be adhered to: the principle of security, and enterprise-level applications must be a large model of security; Credibility principle to solve the shortcomings of accuracy and real-time performance of large models; Controllable principle, the large model should be positioned as an auxiliary tool to ensure that people are on the loop; Easy-to-use principle, solving the problem of easy-to-use needs "digital assistant with soul"; The principle of inclusiveness makes the big model a productivity tool that everyone can use.

  There are many uncertainties in innovation, some of which can be predicted before they happen; Some problems arise in development and need to be solved while developing, and solved by development. Zhang Yong said that "building safe and credible artificial intelligence" has gradually become an industry consensus, and relevant laws and regulations have been gradually improved, which has cultivated a good soil and environment for the sustainable development of technology and industry.

  Artificial intelligence will lead a new wave of technological innovation. Digital technologies such as 5G mobile communication, industrial Internet, big data and artificial intelligence have changed the way people produce and live. Liu Liehong, chairman of China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd. said that it is the common goal of the whole society to let all people share the dividends and achievements of the development of digital civilization.

  Muhammad Ben Amo believes that the future of artificial intelligence is full of hope, and it should be built around five aspects: privacy, transparency, responsibility and accountability, robustness and flexibility. In addition, we should establish a moral framework and give priority to human welfare through people-oriented design, so as to contribute to the sustainable development of safe and credible artificial intelligence.(Guangming. com reporter Li Fei Lei Yuxin)